Efficacy Study of Revlimid® and Low Dose Continuously Administered Melphalan to Treat Higher Risk Myelodysplastic Syndromes (REMMYDYS)

This study has been completed.
Celgene Corporation
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Dr. Rena Buckstein, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
First received: August 29, 2008
Last updated: December 11, 2012
Last verified: December 2012
Angiogenesis increases in higher risk MDS patients and those with proliferative CMML. Angiogenesis is associated with increased risk of leukemic transformation and poorer prognoses. Low dose chemotherapy may have anti-angiogenic properties by targetting the genetically stable endothelial cells. Lenalidomide has been recently shown to be highly effective as monotherapy in low/low-intermediate risk MDS, particularly in the subgroup harboring a 5q- deletion. Lenalidomide has not been well studied in higher risk MDS although there are some reports of lenalidomide's efficacy in RAEB-T and AML. One potential mode of action of lenalidomide is inhibition of angiogenesis. The investigators hypothesize that by combining lenalidomide with low dose melphalan in higher risk MDS the investigators will more effectively block angiogenesis and achieve responses or hematologic improvement in MDS.

Condition Intervention Phase
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Chronic
Drug: Lenalidomide and melphalan
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Revlimid®, and Metronomic Melphalan in the Management of Higher Risk Myelodysplastic Syndromes (MDS) and CMML: a Phase 2 Study"

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Overall Response Rate (RR) (as defined by modified international working group standardized response criteria) [ Time Frame: 3 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Percent with hematologic improvement [ Time Frame: 3 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Percent with cytogenetic remission [ Time Frame: 3 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Overall, progression-free and leukemia-free-survival [ Time Frame: 3 yrs ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Percent reduction in baseline biomarkers of angiogenesis including: circulating endothelial cells (CEC) and precursors (CEP), plasma and marrow VEGF and VEGFR 1-2 levels [ Time Frame: 3 yrs ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Safety (type, frequency, severity, and relationship of adverse events to study therapy) [ Time Frame: 3 yrs ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Estimated Enrollment: 20
Study Start Date: January 2008
Study Completion Date: December 2012
Primary Completion Date: January 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: 1 Drug: Lenalidomide and melphalan
Lenalidomide 10 mg po daily for 21d/28 Melphalan 2 mg po daily for 21d/28

  Show Detailed Description


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Understand and voluntarily sign an informed consent form.
  2. Age 18 years or older at the time of signing the informed consent form.
  3. Able to adhere to the study visit schedule and other protocol requirements.
  4. Must have a diagnosis of high-intermediate or high risk MDS (de novo or secondary) or CMML fitting any of the following classifications (including CMML with wbc < 12,000 x 109/L) and IPSS > 1.5 or proliferative form of CMML (wbc > 12,000 x 109/L for which the IPSS does not apply). If the patient has unsuccessful cytogenetics, patients with WHO classification of transfusion dependent RAEB-1 will be eligible (see appendix B and C for WHO MDS classification).
  5. All previous cancer therapy, including radiation, hormonal therapy and surgery, must have been discontinued at least 4 weeks (6 weeks for 5-Azacitidine or bone marrow transplant) prior to treatment in this study.
  6. ECOG performance status of <= 2 at study entry (see Appendix A).
  7. Laboratory test results within these ranges:

    • Serum calcium <3.0 mmol/L
    • Serum creatinine < 1.5 mg/dL
    • Total bilirubin < 1.5 mg/dL
    • AST (SGOT) and ALT (SGPT) < 2 x ULN

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Any serious medical condition, laboratory abnormality, or psychiatric illness that would prevent the subject from signing the informed consent form.
  2. Pregnant or breast-feeding females. (Lactating females must agree not to breast feed while taking lenalidomide).
  3. Any condition, including the presence of laboratory abnormalities, which places the subject at unacceptable risk if he/she were to participate in the study or confounds the ability to interpret data from the study.
  4. Use of any other experimental drug or therapy within 28 days of baseline.
  5. Known hypersensitivity to thalidomide or melphalan.
  6. The development of erythema nodosum is characterized by a desquamating rash while taking thalidomide or similar drugs.
  7. Any prior use of lenalidomide.
  8. Concurrent use of other anti-cancer agents or treatments.
  9. Known positive for HIV or infectious hepatitis, types A, B or C.
  10. Must not have a diagnosis of AML (> 20% blasts) or other progressive malignant disease
  11. Must not have received treatment with, erythropoietin, or granulocyte colony-stimulating factors within seven days of study initiation (21 days for pegfilgrastim or Aranesp). Note: use of corticosteroids (topical and inhaled) is permitted and prophylactic steroids are allowed for transfusion reactions, but ongoing oral corticosteroids are not permitted.
  12. Serious or non-healing wound, ulcer, or bone fracture.
  13. History of abdominal fistula, gastrointestinal perforation, or intra-abdominal abscess within 28 days of treatment.
  14. Any history of cerebrovascular accident (CVA) or transient ischemic attack within 12 months prior to study entry.
  15. Histories of myocardial infarction, cardiac arrhythmia, stable/unstable angina, symptomatic congestive heart failure, or coronary/peripheral artery bypass graft or stenting within 12 months prior to study entry.
  16. History of pulmonary embolism within the past 12 months.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00744536

Canada, Ontario
Odette Cancer Center
Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M4N3M5
Sponsors and Collaborators
Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre
Celgene Corporation
Principal Investigator: Rena J Buckstein, MD FRCPC Odette Cancer Center
  More Information

No publications provided by Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Dr. Rena Buckstein, Head Hematology Site Group, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00744536     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: RV-MDS-PI-128 
Study First Received: August 29, 2008
Last Updated: December 11, 2012
Health Authority: Canada: Canadian Institutes of Health Research
United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre:
Myelodysplastic syndrome
Chronic myelomonocytic leukemia
High intermediate risk and high risk IPSS score
Metronomic chemotherapy
Myelodysplastic Myeloproliferative Diseases

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Chronic
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Bone Marrow Diseases
Hematologic Diseases
Leukemia, Myeloid
Myelodysplastic-Myeloproliferative Diseases
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Pathologic Processes
Precancerous Conditions
Alkylating Agents
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Antineoplastic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Growth Inhibitors
Growth Substances
Immunologic Factors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Myeloablative Agonists
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on February 08, 2016