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The Effect of EFT on Psychological States in a Veterans Population

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
Soul Medicine Institute Identifier:
First received: August 27, 2008
Last updated: May 28, 2010
Last verified: May 2010
A need exists to find fast yet effective treatment protocols for the large number of US military service personnel coming back from Iraq with post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and a variety of co-occurring psychological problems. EFT (Emotional Freedom Techniques) has demonstrated promise as a PTSD treatment in pilot studies. This study examines the effects of six sessions of EFT coaching on veterans who score at or above the military cutoff point for PSTD. Subjects are also assessed for conditions that often accompany PTSD, such as depression and anxiety. Changes pain, cravings, and physical symptoms are also measured. Assessments are made after six sessions are complete, and again after three and six months.

Condition Intervention Phase
Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic
Behavioral: Emotional Freedom Techniques (EFT)
Early Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Participant, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: The Effect of EFT (Emotional Freedom Techniques) on Psychological States in a Veterans Population: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Soul Medicine Institute:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Scores on the PCL-M (PTSD Symptom Checklist-Military) [ Time Frame: One Month Before, At Start, After 3 and 6 Sessions, After 3 and 6 Months ]

Estimated Enrollment: 100
Study Start Date: December 2008
Study Completion Date: May 2010
Primary Completion Date: December 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: 1
Standard of Care plus EFT (Emotional Freedom Techniques)
Behavioral: Emotional Freedom Techniques (EFT)
EFT is an exposure therapy with a cognitive component, consisting of recall of a trauma along with a statement of self-acceptance, in combination with touching or tapping on a series of stress reduction points on the body
Other Name: EFT Emotional Freedom Technique
No Intervention: 2
Standard of Care (SOC)

Detailed Description:
A need exists to find fast yet effective treatment protocols for the large number of US military service personnel coming back from Iraq with post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and a variety of co-occurring psychological problems. This study examines the effects of six sessions of EFT coaching on a veterans population. The sample will recruited from clients of practitioners who are coaching veterans. Participants will be assessed for PTSD and other psychological conditions such as anxiety and depression. Evaluations will be made using well-validated instruments, the SA-45 (Symptom Assessment 45) and the PCL-M (Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist - Military). Those meeting the military's criterion for a PTSD-positive assessment on the PCL-M will be randomized into two groups. A wait list control group continues to receive Standard of Care (SOC) from their current healthcare provider. The experimental group receives SOC plus EFT coaching. A baseline measurement is obtained approximately thirty days in advance of coaching, when subjects apply to participate in the study, and again immediately before coaching begins. Participants are assessed after three sessions and six sessions, to determine symptom changes at these milestones. Followup assessments occur three months and six months post-coaching. Pain levels, alcohol use, recreational drug use, and prescription drug dosages are also tracked, in order to determine any correlation between participant characteristics and psychological symptom change. Data will also be analyzed to determine if there are outcome differences between participants receiving EFT from life coaches, and those whose EFT coaching is delivered by licensed psychologists or social workers.

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Military Service
  • Score of 50 or more on the PCL-M (PTSD Checklist-Military)
  • The ability to follow instructions and complete written forms
  • Under the care of a primary care provider

Exclusion Criteria:

  • A score of 3 or more on questions 34 and 35 of the SA-45
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00743041

United States, California
Soul Medicine Institute
Santa Rosa, California, United States, 95403
Sponsors and Collaborators
Soul Medicine Institute
Principal Investigator: Dawson Church, PhD Soul Medicine Institute
  More Information

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: Dawson Church, Executive Director, Soul Medicine Institute Identifier: NCT00743041     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: SMI-PTSD-82508
Study First Received: August 27, 2008
Last Updated: May 28, 2010

Keywords provided by Soul Medicine Institute:
PTSD, EFT, depression, anxiety, telephone

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic
Stress Disorders, Traumatic
Trauma and Stressor Related Disorders
Mental Disorders processed this record on May 24, 2017