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A Phase 1b/2, Dose-Escalation Study of Elotuzumab (Humanized Anti-CS1 Monoclonal IgG1 Antibody) in Relapsed Multiple Myeloma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00742560
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 27, 2008
Results First Posted : January 10, 2018
Last Update Posted : January 10, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

Study Description
Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the combination of elotuzumab, lenalidomide, and dexamethasone in subjects with relapsed multiple myeloma.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Hematologic Cancer Biological: elotuzumab Drug: lenalidomide Drug: dexamethasone oral Drug: dexamethasone injection Phase 2

Study Design

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 101 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 1b/2, Multicenter, Open-label, Dose-escalation Study of Elotuzumab (Humanized Anti-CS1 Monoclonal IgG1 Antibody) in Combination With Lenalidomide and Dexamethasone in Subjects With Relapsed Multiple Myeloma
Study Start Date : August 2008
Primary Completion Date : October 2016
Study Completion Date : October 2016


Arms and Interventions

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Elotuzumab 5 mg/kg + Lenalidomide and Dexamethasone (Phase 1)
Elotuzumab 5 mg/kg administered as an IV infusion in combination with lenalidomide 25 mg and dexamethasone 40 mg administered orally.
Biological: elotuzumab
Humanized Anti-CS1 Monoclonal IgG1 Antibody (HuLuc63) administered as an intravenous infusion once a week during Cycles 1 and 2, and every other week beginning with Cycle 3.
Other Name: HuLuc63
Drug: lenalidomide
Lenalidomide 25 mg administered orally once daily on Days 1 to 21 of each 28-day cycle
Drug: dexamethasone oral
Dexamethasone 40 mg administered orally once weekly; during weeks when elotuzumab is also administered, dexamethasone was administered as a split dose (28 mg orally and 8 mg intravenously)
Drug: dexamethasone injection
Dexamethasone 40 mg administered orally once weekly; during weeks when elotuzumab is also administered, dexamethasone was administered as a split dose (28 mg orally and 8 mg intravenously)
Experimental: Elotuzumab 10 mg/kg + Lenalidomide and Dexamethasone (Phase 1)
Elotuzumab 10 mg/kg administered as an IV infusion in combination with lenalidomide 25 mg and dexamethasone 40 mg administered orally.
Biological: elotuzumab
Humanized Anti-CS1 Monoclonal IgG1 Antibody (HuLuc63) administered as an intravenous infusion once a week during Cycles 1 and 2, and every other week beginning with Cycle 3.
Other Name: HuLuc63
Drug: lenalidomide
Lenalidomide 25 mg administered orally once daily on Days 1 to 21 of each 28-day cycle
Drug: dexamethasone oral
Dexamethasone 40 mg administered orally once weekly; during weeks when elotuzumab is also administered, dexamethasone was administered as a split dose (28 mg orally and 8 mg intravenously)
Drug: dexamethasone injection
Dexamethasone 40 mg administered orally once weekly; during weeks when elotuzumab is also administered, dexamethasone was administered as a split dose (28 mg orally and 8 mg intravenously)
Experimental: Elotuzumab 20 mg/kg + Lenalidomide and Dexamethasone (Phase 1)
Elotuzumab 20 mg/kg administered as an IV infusion in combination with lenalidomide 25 mg and dexamethasone 40 mg administered orally.
Biological: elotuzumab
Humanized Anti-CS1 Monoclonal IgG1 Antibody (HuLuc63) administered as an intravenous infusion once a week during Cycles 1 and 2, and every other week beginning with Cycle 3.
Other Name: HuLuc63
Drug: lenalidomide
Lenalidomide 25 mg administered orally once daily on Days 1 to 21 of each 28-day cycle
Drug: dexamethasone oral
Dexamethasone 40 mg administered orally once weekly; during weeks when elotuzumab is also administered, dexamethasone was administered as a split dose (28 mg orally and 8 mg intravenously)
Drug: dexamethasone injection
Dexamethasone 40 mg administered orally once weekly; during weeks when elotuzumab is also administered, dexamethasone was administered as a split dose (28 mg orally and 8 mg intravenously)
Experimental: Elotuzumab 10 mg/kg + Lenalidomide and Dexamethasone (Phase 2)
Elotuzumab 10 mg/kg administered as an IV infusion in combination with lenalidomide 25 mg and dexamethasone 40 mg administered orally.
Biological: elotuzumab
Humanized Anti-CS1 Monoclonal IgG1 Antibody (HuLuc63) administered as an intravenous infusion once a week during Cycles 1 and 2, and every other week beginning with Cycle 3.
Other Name: HuLuc63
Drug: lenalidomide
Lenalidomide 25 mg administered orally once daily on Days 1 to 21 of each 28-day cycle
Drug: dexamethasone oral
Dexamethasone 40 mg administered orally once weekly; during weeks when elotuzumab is also administered, dexamethasone was administered as a split dose (28 mg orally and 8 mg intravenously)
Drug: dexamethasone injection
Dexamethasone 40 mg administered orally once weekly; during weeks when elotuzumab is also administered, dexamethasone was administered as a split dose (28 mg orally and 8 mg intravenously)
Experimental: Elotuzumab 20 mg/kg + Lenalidomide and Dexamethasone (Phase 2)
Elotuzumab 20 mg/kg administered as an IV infusion in combination with lenalidomide 25 mg and dexamethasone 40 mg administered orally.
Biological: elotuzumab
Humanized Anti-CS1 Monoclonal IgG1 Antibody (HuLuc63) administered as an intravenous infusion once a week during Cycles 1 and 2, and every other week beginning with Cycle 3.
Other Name: HuLuc63
Drug: lenalidomide
Lenalidomide 25 mg administered orally once daily on Days 1 to 21 of each 28-day cycle
Drug: dexamethasone oral
Dexamethasone 40 mg administered orally once weekly; during weeks when elotuzumab is also administered, dexamethasone was administered as a split dose (28 mg orally and 8 mg intravenously)
Drug: dexamethasone injection
Dexamethasone 40 mg administered orally once weekly; during weeks when elotuzumab is also administered, dexamethasone was administered as a split dose (28 mg orally and 8 mg intravenously)


Outcome Measures

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD) of Elotuzumab in Combination With Lenalidomide and Dexamethasone (Phase 1) [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ]
    MTD was determined by testing increasing doses up to 20 mg/kg once daily dose escalation cohorts 1 to 3 with 3 patients each. MTD reflects highest dose of drug that did not cause an unacceptable side effect (dose limiting toxicity [DLT]) in more than 30% of patients; e.g., hematologic toxicities like Common Toxicity Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) Grade 4 neutropenia in specific conditions, platelets < 10,000 cells/mm^3 that do not recover to 25,000 cells/mm^3; and specific non-hematologic/biochemical toxicities CTCAE Grade 3 or 4 (except fatigue and Grade 3 infections); CTCAE version 3.0 were used.

  2. Objective Response Rate (ORR) According to the International Myeloma Working Group Uniform Response Criteria (Phase 2) [ Time Frame: From date of randomization until 60 days following the last infusion (or before initiation of new therapy), up to 101 months ]
    ORR: Percentage of participants with confirmed complete response (CR; negative immunofixation on the serum and urine, disappearance of any soft tissue plasmacytomas, and ≤5% plasma cells in bone marrow), partial response (PR; ≥50% reduction of serum M-protein and reduction in 24-hour urinary M-protein by ≥90% or to ≤200 mg per 24 hour; if serum and urine M-protein are unmeasurable, a ≥50% decrease in the difference between involved and uninvolved free light chain (FLC] levels is required in place of the M-protein criteria; if serum and urine M-protein are unmeasurable, and serum FLC is also unmeasurable, a ≥50% reduction in plasma cells is required in place of M-protein, provided baseline bone marrow plasma cell percentage was ≥30%; and, if present at baseline, a ≥50% reduction in the size of soft tissue plasmacytomas), very good PR (VGPR; normal FLC ratio and absence of clonal cells in bone marrow by immunohistochemistry or immunofluorescence), or stringent CR (sCR; CR plus VGPR).


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Objective Response Rate (ORR) According to the International Myeloma Working Group Uniform Response Criteria (Phase 1) [ Time Frame: From first dose of elotuzumab until 60 days following the last infusion (or before initiation of new therapy), up to 100.5 months ]
    ORR: Percentage of participants with confirmed complete response (CR; negative immunofixation on the serum and urine, disappearance of any soft tissue plasmacytomas, and ≤5% plasma cells in bone marrow), partial response (PR; ≥50% reduction of serum M-protein and reduction in 24-hour urinary M-protein by ≥90% or to ≤200 mg per 24 hour; if serum and urine M-protein are unmeasurable, a ≥50% decrease in the difference between involved and uninvolved free light chain (FLC] levels is required in place of the M-protein criteria; if serum and urine M-protein are unmeasurable, and serum FLC is also unmeasurable, a ≥50% reduction in plasma cells is required in place of M-protein, provided baseline bone marrow plasma cell percentage was ≥30%; and, if present at baseline, a ≥50% reduction in the size of soft tissue plasmacytomas), very good PR (VGPR; normal FLC ratio and absence of clonal cells in bone marrow by immunohistochemistry or immunofluorescence), or stringent CR (sCR; CR plus VGPR).

  2. Number of Participants With Treatment-emergent Adverse Events (TEAEs) [ Time Frame: Treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) and serious adverse events (TESAEs) were collected from first dose of study drug until 60 days after the last dose of study drug (up to 95 months) ]
    An adverse event (AE) is defined as any untoward medical occurrence in a patient or clinical investigation subject administered a pharmaceutical product and which does not necessarily have a causal relationship with this treatment. The investigator assessed the relationship of each event to the use of study drug as either definitely related, probably related, possibly related or unrelated. A serious adverse event (SAE) is an event that results in death, is life-threatening, requires or prolongs hospitalization, results in a congenital anomaly, persistent or significant disability/incapacity or is an important medical event that, based on medical judgment, may jeopardize the subject and may require medical or surgical intervention to prevent any of the outcomes listed above. Treatment-emergent events (TEAEs/TESAEs) are defined as any event that began or worsened in severity after the first dose of study drug. For more details on adverse events please see the Adverse Event section.

  3. Number of Participants With Infusion Reactions [ Time Frame: Cycles 1 and 2: Days 1, 8, 15, and 22 (day of infusion of elotuzumab) and Days 2, 9, 16, and 23 (day following infusion); and Cycles 3 and greater: Days 1 and 15 (day of infusion) and Days 2 and 16 (day after infusion) (up to 95 months) ]
    During Phase 1, a list of 118 pre-defined MedDRA preferred terms that had been adjudicated to be clinically relevant to infusion reactions by a safety committee was used to search for TEAEs that could potentially be associated with an infusion reaction following elotuzumab administration. Examples of these terms included angioedema, bronchospasm, chills, flushing, pyrexia, rash and urticaria. During Phase 2, the method for capturing TEAEs associated with an infusion reaction was modified to include investigators' designation of AEs judged as clinically relevant infusion reactions. The number of participants infusion reactions are provided overall and by highest toxicity grade (CTCAE v 3.0).

  4. Mean Serum Concentrations of Elotuzumab During Cycle 1 [ Time Frame: Cycle 1: Days 1 (pre-infusion and 0.5, 2 and 4 hours post-infusion), 8 (pre-infusion and 0.5 and 2 hours post-infusion), 15 (pre-infusion and 0.5 hours and 2 hours post-infusion), and 22 (pre-infusion and 0.5, 2, and 4 hours post-infusion) ]
    Blood samples were collected during Phase 1, Cycle 1, prior to elotuzumab infusion (time 0 hours) and 30 minutes (0.5 hours) and 4 hours post-infusion (Day 1), 30 minutes (0.5 hours) post-infusion (Day 8 and Day 15), or 30 minutes (0.5 hours), 2 hours, and 4 hours post-infusion (Day 15). Blood samples were collected during Phase 2, Cycle 1, prior to elotuzumab infusion (time 0 hours) and 30 minutes (0.5 hours), 2 hours, and 4 hours post-infusion (Day 1), 30 minutes (0.5 hours) and 2 hours post-infusion (Day 8 and Day 15), or 30 minutes (0.5 hours), 2 hours, and 4 hours post-infusion (Day 15). The samples were analyzed for the concentration of elotuzumab using validated analytical methods. Mean serum concentrations on Cycle 1, Days 1, 8, 15, and 22 (measured in μg/mL) are reported overall (across Phase 1 and Phase 2) by dose.

  5. Maximum Serum Concentration (Cmax) of Elotuzumab [ Time Frame: Cycle 1: Days 1, 8, and 15; Cycle 2: Days 1 and 22; Cycle 3 and beyond: Day 1 ]
    The maximum plasma concentration (Cmax; measured in ng/mL) is the highest concentration that a drug achieves in the blood after administration in a dosing interval. The Cmax of elotuzumab was to be estimated using non-compartmental methods and data reported as the mean ± standard deviation. No noncompartmental pharmacokinetic parameters (e.g., AUC, CL, V, t 1/2) were estimated due to sparse serum concentration collections.

  6. Area Under the Concentration-time Curve From 0 to Infinity (AUC0-inf) of Elotuzumab [ Time Frame: Cycle 1: Days 1, 8, and 15; Cycle 2: Days 1 and 22; Cycle 3 and beyond: Day 1 ]
    The area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC; measured in ng*hr/mL) is a method of measurement to determine the total exposure of a drug in blood plasma. The AUC24 of elotuzumab was to be estimated using non-compartmental methods and data reported as the mean ± standard deviation. No noncompartmental pharmacokinetic parameters (e.g., AUC, CL, V, t 1/2) were estimated due to sparse serum concentration collections.

  7. Systemic Clearance (CL) of Elotuzumab [ Time Frame: Cycle 1: Days 1, 8, and 15; Cycle 2: Days 1 and 22; Cycle 3 and beyond: Day 1 ]
    Systemic clearance (CL, measured in mL/kg/hr) is a measure of the efficiency with which a drug is irreversibly removed from the body. The CL of elotuzumab was to be estimated using non-compartmental methods and data reported as the mean ± standard deviation. No noncompartmental pharmacokinetic parameters (e.g., AUC, CL, V, t 1/2) were estimated due to sparse serum concentration collections.

  8. Volume of Distribution (V) of Elotuzumab [ Time Frame: Cycle 1: Days 1, 8, and 15; Cycle 2: Days 1 and 22; Cycle 3 and beyond: Day 1 ]
    Volume of distribution (V, measured in L/kg) is the hypothetical volume of body fluid that would be required to dissolve the amount of drug needed to achieve the same concentration in the blood. The V of elotuzumab was to be estimated using non-compartmental methods and data reported as the mean ± standard deviation. No noncompartmental pharmacokinetic parameters (e.g., AUC, CL, V, t 1/2) were estimated due to sparse serum concentration collections.

  9. Serum Half-life (t1/2) of Elotuzumab [ Time Frame: Cycle 1: Days 1, 8, and 15; Cycle 2: Days 1 and 22; Cycle 3 and beyond: Day 1 ]
    The serum half-life of a drug (t1/2, measured in hours) is the time necessary to reduce the plasma concentration by half. The t1/2 of elotuzumab was to be estimated using non-compartmental methods and data reported as the mean ± standard deviation. No noncompartmental pharmacokinetic parameters (e.g., AUC, CL, V, t 1/2) were estimated due to sparse serum concentration collections.

  10. Duration of Response [ Time Frame: From first dose of elotuzumab (phase 1) or randomization (phase 2) until 60 days following the last infusion (or before initiation of new therapy), up to 101 months ]
    Duration of response is defined as the time from the initial objective response to disease progression or death, whichever occurs first. The distribution of duration of response was estimated for each treatment group using Kaplan-Meier methodology. Point estimates and 95% CIs for the median for the duration of response distribution are provided.

  11. Time to Progression (TTP) [ Time Frame: From first dose of elotuzumab (phase 1) or randomization (phase 2) until 60 days following the last infusion (or before initiation of new therapy), up to 101 months ]
    TTP is defined as the time from first dose (phase 1) or time from randomization (phase 2) to disease progression. The distribution of TTP was estimated for each treatment group using Kaplan-Meier methodology. Point estimates and 95% CIs for the median for the TTP distribution are provided.

  12. Progression-free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: From first dose of elotuzumab (phase 1) or randomization (phase 2) until 60 days following the last infusion (or before initiation of new therapy), up to 101 months ]
    PFS is defined as the time from first dose (phase 1) or time from randomization (phase 2) to disease progression or death. The distribution of PFS was estimated for each treatment group using Kaplan-Meier methodology. Point estimates and 95% CIs for the median for the PFS distribution are provided.

  13. Percentage of Participants With Treatment-emergent Anti-elotuzumab Antibody (ADA) [ Time Frame: From screening through 60-day follow up period (up to 101 months) ]
    Treatment-emergent (post-dose) positive elotuzumab-specific ADA is differentiated from pre-existing (positive at the predose time point) positive elotuzumab-specific ADA. The percentage of participants with confirmed treatment-emergent ADA overall by dose is provided.

  14. Plasma Cell Myeloma Cytogenetic Subtype [ Time Frame: Screening (up to 14 days prior to dosing) ]
    Plasma cell myeloma cytogenetic subtype was assessed at the screening visit using standard karyotyping and/or fluorescence in situ hybridization. The number of participants in each cytogenetic risk category are provided: High Risk (International Staging System [ISS] stage II or III and t(4;14) or del(17p) abnormality); Standard Risk (not high or low risk); and Low Risk (ISS stage I or II and absence of t(4;14), del(17p) and 1q21 abnormalities AND age < 55).


Eligibility Criteria

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Age 18 years or older with a confirmed diagnosis of multiple myeloma (MM) and documentation of one to three prior therapies.
  2. Confirmed evidence of disease progression from immediately prior MM therapy or refractory to the immediately prior treatment.
  3. Measurable monoclonal (M-) protein component in serum (≥ 0.5 g/dL) and/or urine (if present), (≥ 0.2 g excreted in a 24 hour collection sample). Subjects with free light chain only disease are excluded.
  4. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status of 0 to 2.
  5. Creatinine clearance ≥ 50 mL/min measured by Cockcroft-Gault method.
  6. Hematologic parameters defined by:

    • Absolute neutrophil count >1000 cells/mm^3 without growth factors for 7 days.
    • Platelets ≥ 75,000 cells/mm^3 (75 × 10^9/L), without platelet transfusion, within 72 hours of screening evaluation.
    • Hemoglobin ≥ 8 g/dL without red blood cell transfusion within 72 hours of screening.
  7. Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) AND aspartate aminotransferase (AST) < 3 × upper limit of normal.
  8. Total bilirubin < 2 × upper limit of normal, direct bilirubin < 2.0 mg/dL.
  9. Negative urine pregnancy test in women of childbearing potential at screening and prior to prescribing lenalidomide. Females of childbearing potential (FCBP) must either commit to continued abstinence from heterosexual intercourse or begin acceptable methods of birth control for 28 days prior to prescribing lenalidomide. Men must agree to use a latex condom during sexual contact with FCBP even if they have had a successful vasectomy, and must agree not to donate semen during study drug therapy and for a period of time after therapy.
  10. Able to understand the purpose and risks of the study and provide signed and dated informed consent and authorization to use protected health information (in accordance with national and local subject's privacy regulations).
  11. Able to take aspirin daily as prophylactic anticoagulation therapy (subjects intolerant to aspirin may use warfarin or low-molecular-weight heparin).

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Prior malignancy, except for adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, in-situ cervical cancer, or other cancer from which the subject has been disease-free for at least 2 years.
  2. Active or prior plasma cell leukemia (defined as either 20% of peripheral WBC comprised of plasma/CD138+ cells or an absolute count of 2 x 10^9/L).
  3. Uncontrolled medical problems such as diabetes mellitus, coronary artery disease, hypertension, unstable angina, arrhythmias, pulmonary disease, and symptomatic heart failure.
  4. Solitary bone or solitary extramedullary plasmacytoma as the only evidence of plasma cell dyscrasia.
  5. Treatment with any investigational drug within 2 weeks or 3 half lives (whichever is longer) of the first dose of elotuzumab.
  6. Use of corticosteroids, thalidomide, bortezomib, or cytotoxic chemotherapy within 2 weeks of the first dose of elotuzumab except for steroids with little or no systemic absorption (ie, topical or inhaled steroids).
  7. Prior lenalidomide therapy.
  8. Prior peripheral stem-cell transplant within 12 weeks of the first dose of elotuzumab.
  9. Treatment with nitrosoureas, such as carmustine (BiCNU), nitrogen mustard agents, or melphalan, within 6 weeks of first dose of elotuzumab.
  10. Neuropathy ≥ Grade 3 or painful neuropathy ≥ Grade 2 (National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events [NCI CTCAE] v3.0).
  11. Known active infections requiring IV antibiotic, antiviral, or antifungal therapy.
  12. Hypersensitivity to recombinant proteins or excipients in elotuzumab, lenalidomide, or dexamethasone.
  13. Female subjects who are pregnant or breastfeeding.
  14. Subjects with serum calcium (corrected for albumin) ≥ 12 mg/dL.
Contacts and Locations

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00742560


Sponsors and Collaborators
AbbVie (prior sponsor, Abbott)
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Investigators
Study Director: AbbVie Inc AbbVie
More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: AbbVie (prior sponsor, Abbott)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00742560     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: HuLuc63-1703
2007-006677-83 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: August 27, 2008    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: January 10, 2018
Last Update Posted: January 10, 2018
Last Verified: January 2018

Keywords provided by AbbVie ( AbbVie (prior sponsor, Abbott) ):
Multiple Myeloma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Multiple Myeloma
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Hematologic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Hemostatic Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Paraproteinemias
Blood Protein Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Neoplasms by Site
Dexamethasone acetate
Dexamethasone
Lenalidomide
Thalidomide
BB 1101
Antibodies
Immunoglobulins
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Antiemetics
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Gastrointestinal Agents
Glucocorticoids