Tolerance and Efficacy of Rituximab in Sjogren's Disease (TEARS)
|The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.|
|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00740948|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 25, 2008
Last Update Posted : March 5, 2015
CLINICAL PHASE II INDICATION Sjogren's syndrome RATIONALE Sjögren's syndrome (SS) is an autoimmune disorder affecting 0.2% to 3% of the general population. Pharmacological treatment can improve the sicca symptoms, often transiently, but they are unable to modify the course of the disease.Open label studies suggested that low-dose rituximab produced acute and complete CD20 depletion in blood and tissue; was well tolerated without corticosteroid use; and significantly improved glandular and extra-glandular manifestations of pSS. Larger controlled studies are now warranted. Our hypothesis is that two infusions of 1000 mg of Rituximab may be better than placebo to treat patients suffering from pSS. To test this hypothesis, we propose to compare patients with recent and/or severe pSS treated with either Rituximab or placebo.
OBJECTIVES Primary objective : Evaluation of the efficacy defined as a 30% improvement between Day 1 and Week 24 in the values on 2 of the 4 VAS measuring global scores of the disease (activity of the disease including extra glandular manifestations), joint pain, fatigue, and the most disturbing dryness.Secondary objectives : Variations from baseline to week 24 of:
The 0-100-mm VAS scores for dry mouth, dry eyes, dry trachea, dry vagina, and dry skin; fatigue; pain; Tender and swollen joint counts; Tender points; Other systemic manifestation; Unstimulated salivary flow rate; Schirmer and van Bijsterveld scores (2-3); C-reactive protein (CRP) and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR); rheumatoid factor (RF); ANA; serum IgG, IgA, and IgM; complement; cryoglobulinemia; and counts of B and T cells; Evaluation of the safety of Rituximab during the study Evaluation of the improvement evaluated on VAS by the physician Evaluation of the disease activity scores as suggested by Bowman and Vitali Evaluation of Chisholm score, B cells characteristics and DNA microarray on labial accessory salivary gland (SG) biopsy samples, and salivary gland echography at inclusion and at week 24.
TRIAL DESIGN Multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial NUMBER OF SUBJECTS : 120
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Sjogren's Disease||Drug: Rituximab (mabthera) Injection Drug: Placebo: NaCl 0.9% or Glucose 5%||Phase 2 Phase 3|
TARGET POPULATION Inclusion criteria : Patients will be eligible if :
they fulfill the new American-European Consensus Group criteria for pSS and have :
- a recent (less than 10 years) and active disease as assessed by :
- values > 50 mm on 2 of 4 visual analogue scales (VAS) (0-100mm) that evaluated global scores of the disease (activity of the disease including extra glandular manifestations), pain, sicca syndrome and fatigue over the last week.
- Rheumatoid factor or SSA>1.5N or cryoglobulinemia or hypergammaglobulinemia or high level of beta2 microglobulinemia or hypocomplémentemia.
- and/or at least one of the following severe signs: parotidomegaly, arthritis, purpura, pulmonary involvement, tubulopathy, neurological involvement, thrombocytopenia.
Additional inclusion criteria will be as follows:
- informed consent
- age 18-80 years,
- stable non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
- and no prescription of immunosuppressive agents for at least 4 weeks prior to inclusion
- Use of a reliable mean of contraception (for patients of reproductive potential)
Exclusion criteria :
Patients should be excluded if they have a secondary SS, if they received cytotoxic drugs during the previous 4 months, if they have severe renal or haematological failure, a history of cancer, hepatitis B or C, HIV, tuberculosis, severe diabetes or any other chronic disease or evidence of infection, if they have had severe allergic or anaphylactic reactions to humanized or murine monoclonal antibodies or if they are unable to understand the protocol. Other : neutrophil count < 1.5 x 103/L, live/attenuated vaccine within 28 days prior to baseline, pregnancy, breast feeding,
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||122 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)|
|Official Title:||Tolerance and Efficacy of Rituximab in Sjogren's Disease|
|Study Start Date :||March 2008|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||January 2012|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||January 2013|
Drug: Rituximab (mabthera) Injection
2 * 1g of Rituximab at the 1st day and at the 14th day.
Placebo Comparator: 2
Drug: Placebo: NaCl 0.9% or Glucose 5%
2* 250ml of NaCl 0.9% or Glucose 5% at the 1st day and at the 14th day.
- 30% improvement between in the values on 2 of the 4 VAS measuring global scores of the disease (activity of the disease), joint pain, fatigue, and dryness. [ Time Frame: 24 weeks ]
- Variations from baseline to week 24 of clinical, biological and histological data [ Time Frame: 24, 36 and 48 weeks ]
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00740948
|CHU de Brest|
|Brest, France, 29200|
|Clermont-ferrand, France, 63003|
|GH Le Havre|
|Le Havre, France, 76 083|
|Le KREMLIN-BICETRE, France, 94275|
|Ch Le Mans|
|Le Mans, France, 72 037|
|CHRU de LILLE|
|Lille, France, 59 037|
|CHU de Marseille|
|Montpellier, France, 34 295|
|CHU de Nantes|
|Nantes, France, 44 093|
|Hôpital Cochin APHP|
|Paris, France, 75 679|
|Paris, France, 75018|
|Hôpital SUD CHU Rennes|
|Rennes, France, 35 203|
|Rouen, France, 76 031|
|CHU de Strasbourg|
|Strasbourg, France, 67 200|
|Principal Investigator:||Alain SARAUX, Pr||University Hospital, Brest|