A Study of Avastin (Bevacizumab) Added to Interferon Alfa-2a (Roferon) Therapy in Patients With Metastatic Renal Cell Cancer With Nephrectomy

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Hoffmann-La Roche
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00738530
First received: August 19, 2008
Last updated: May 16, 2016
Last verified: May 2016
  Purpose
This 2-arm study will evaluate the efficacy and safety of Avastin versus placebo in combination with Roferon as first-line treatment in participants with metastatic renal cell cancer (clear cell type) who have had nephrectomy. The anticipated time of study treatment is 1-2 years, and the target sample size is greater than (>)500 individuals.

Condition Intervention Phase
Renal Cell Cancer
Drug: Bevacizumab [Avastin]
Drug: Interferon alfa 2a [Roferon]
Drug: Placebo
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomised, Double-blind Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Avastin Plus Roferon Compared With Placebo Plus Roferon on Overall Survival and Tumor Assessment in Nephrectomised Patients With Metastatic Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Hoffmann-La Roche:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Percentage of Participants Who Died [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 4.25 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Overall Survival (OS) Duration [ Time Frame: Baseline until death (up to 4.25 years) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Duration of survival was defined as the time between the date of randomization and date of death due to any cause. Participants still alive at the time of analysis were censored at the date they were last known to be alive. Kaplan-Meier estimates were used for analysis.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Percentage of Participants With Disease Progression or Death [ Time Frame: Baseline until disease progression or death, whichever occurred first (assessed at baseline, Weeks 8, 16, 24, 32, 44, 56, 68 thereafter every 12 weeks up to week 104 and then every 6 months up to 4.25 years) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Progressive disease was defined as at least a 20% increase in the sum of the longest diameter of target lesions, taking as reference the smallest sum longest diameter recorded since treatment started or the appearance of one or more new lesions and/or the unequivocal progression of existing non-target lesions.

  • Progression Free Survival (PFS) According to Modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (mRECIST) [ Time Frame: Baseline until disease progression or death, whichever occurred first (assessed at baseline, Weeks 8, 16, 24, 32, 44, 56, 68 thereafter every 12 weeks up to week 104 and then every 6 months up to 4.25 years) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Progression-free survival was defined as the time between the date of randomization and the first date of documented progression or date of death due to any cause, whichever occurred first. Tumor assessment was performed using modified RECIST. Progressive disease was defined as at least a 20 percentage(%) increase in the sum of the longest diameter of target lesions, taking as reference the smallest sum longest diameter recorded since treatment started or the appearance of one or more new lesions and/or the unequivocal progression of existing non-target lesions. Participants without an event were censored at the date of last follow-up for progression or date of last available tumor measurement if no follow-up assessment for progression was performed. Participants who were randomized but not exposed to study drug and had no further follow-up were censored on the day of randomization.

  • Time to Progression (TTP) According to Modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (mRECIST) [ Time Frame: Baseline until disease progression or death, whichever occurred first (assessed at baseline, Weeks 8, 16, 24, 32, 44, 56, 68 thereafter every 12 weeks up to week 104 and then every 6 months up to 4.25 years) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Time to progression was defined as the time between date of randomization and date of documented progression. Tumor assessment was performed using mRECIST. Progressive disease was defined as at least a 20% increase in the sum of the longest diameter of target lesions, taking as reference the smallest sum longest diameter recorded since treatment started or the appearance of one or more new lesions and/or the unequivocal progression of existing non-target lesions. Participants without an event (including participants who died before progressive disease) were censored at the date of last follow-up for progression or date of last available tumor measurement if no follow-up assessment for progression was performed. Participants who were randomized but not exposed to study drug and had no further follow-up were censored on the day of randomization.

  • Percentage of Participants With Treatment Failure [ Time Frame: Baseline until disease progression or death, whichever occurred first (assessed at baseline, Weeks 8, 16, 24, 32, 44, 56, 68 thereafter every 12 weeks up to week 104 and then every 6 months up to 4.25 years) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Treatment failure is defined as insufficient therapeutic response (including disease progression), death, withdrawal of treatment due to adverse events or laboratory abnormality, or withdrawal of informed consent. Tumor assessment was performed using mRECIST. Progressive disease was defined as at least a 20% increase in the sum of the longest diameter of target lesions, taking as reference the smallest sum longest diameter recorded since treatment started or the appearance of one or more new lesions and/or the unequivocal progression of existing non-target lesions.

  • Time to Treatment Failure (TTF) According to Modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (mRECIST) [ Time Frame: Baseline until disease progression or death, whichever occurred first (assessed at baseline, Weeks 8, 16, 24, 32, 44, 56, 68 thereafter every 12 weeks up to week 104 and then every 6 months up to 4.25 years) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Time to treatment failure was defined as the time between the date of randomization and the date of insufficient therapeutic response (including disease progression), death, withdrawal of treatment due to adverse events or laboratory abnormality, or withdrawal of informed consent. Tumor assessment was performed using mRECIST. Progressive disease was defined as at least a 20% increase in the sum of the longest diameter of target lesions, taking as reference the smallest sum longest diameter recorded since treatment started or the appearance of one or more new lesions and/or the unequivocal progression of existing non-target lesions. Participants without an event were censored at the date of last tumor assessment or last treatment administration, whichever occurred last. Participants who were randomized but not exposed to study drug and had no further follow-up were censored on the day of randomization.

  • Percentage of Participants With Objective Response According to mRECIST [ Time Frame: Baseline until disease progression or death, whichever occurred first (assessed at baseline, Weeks 8, 16, 24, 32, 44, 56, 68 thereafter every 12 weeks up to week 104 and then every 6 months up to 4.25 years) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Objective response referred to participants with complete response (CR) or partial response (PR). CR: disappearance of all target lesions, non-target lesions, and normalization of tumor marker level. PR: greater than or equal to (>=) 30% decrease in sum of the longest diameter (LD) of all target lesions taking as reference the screening sum LD. To be assigned a status of PR or CR, changes in tumor measurements had to be confirmed by repeat assessments that should have been performed no less than 4 weeks after the criteria for response were first met. Longer intervals as determined by the study protocol were also appropriate.

  • Percentage of Participants With Best Overall Response According to Modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (mRECIST) [ Time Frame: Baseline until disease progression or death, whichever occurred first (assessed at baseline, Weeks 8, 16, 24, 32, 44, 56, 68 thereafter every 12 weeks up to week 104 and then every 6 months up to 4.25 years) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Best response recorded from the start of treatment until disease progression. Based on assessment of CR, PR, stable disease (SD), or progressive disease (PD), according to mRECIST. CR: disappearance of all target lesions, non-target lesions, and normalization of tumor marker level. PR: >=30% decrease under baseline of the sum of the LD of all target lesions. CR and PR persist on repeat imaging study at least 4 weeks after initial documentation. SD: neither sufficient shrinkage to qualify for PR nor sufficient increase to qualify for PD. Reference is the smallest sum LD. PD was defined as at least a 20% increase in the sum of the longest diameter of target lesions, taking as reference the smallest sum longest diameter recorded since treatment started or the appearance of one or more new lesions and/or the unequivocal progression of existing non-target lesions.

  • Change From Baseline in Karnofsky Performance Status [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 7, 15, 23, 31, 43 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Karnofsky performance score is used to quantify participant's general well-being and activities of daily life and participants were classified based on their functional impairment. Karnofsky performance score is 11 level score which ranges between 0 (death) to 100 (no evidence of disease). Higher score means higher ability to perform daily tasks.


Enrollment: 649
Study Start Date: June 2004
Study Completion Date: September 2008
Primary Completion Date: September 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Bevacizumab + IFN-Alfa-2A
Bevacizumab infusions will be administered every 2 weeks at a dose of 10 milligram per kilogram (mg/kg) for 52 weeks or until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Interferon alfa-2a (IFN-Alfa-2A) will be administered 3 times per week as a subcutaneous injection at a dose of 9 million international units (MIU) for 52 weeks or until disease progression or major toxicity.
Drug: Bevacizumab [Avastin]
10 mg/kg IV every 2 weeks
Drug: Interferon alfa 2a [Roferon]
9 MIU SC 3 times/week
Placebo Comparator: Placebo + IFN-Alfa-2A
Placebo matched with Bevacizumab infusions will be administered every 2 weeks for 52 weeks or until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. IFN-Alfa-2A will be administered 3 times per week as a subcutaneous injection at a dose of 9 MIU for 52 weeks or until disease progression or major toxicity.
Drug: Interferon alfa 2a [Roferon]
9 MIU SC 3 times/week
Drug: Placebo
IV every 2 weeks

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • metastatic renal cell cancer (clear cell type);
  • nephrectomy;
  • absence of proteinuria.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • prior systemic treatment for metastatic renal cell cancer;
  • major surgical procedure, open biopsy or significant traumatic injury within 28 days prior to study treatment start;
  • presence of brain metastases or spinal cord compression;
  • ongoing need for full dose anticoagulants;
  • uncontrolled hypertension;
  • clinically significant cardiovascular disease.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00738530

  Show 104 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Hoffmann-La Roche
Investigators
Study Director: Clinical Trials Hoffmann-La Roche
  More Information

Responsible Party: Hoffmann-La Roche
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00738530     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: BO17705  2004-000282-35 
Study First Received: August 19, 2008
Results First Received: March 22, 2016
Last Updated: May 16, 2016
Health Authority: Spain: Ethics Committee

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Carcinoma, Renal Cell
Adenocarcinoma
Carcinoma
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Kidney Neoplasms
Urologic Neoplasms
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Kidney Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Bevacizumab
Interferons
Interferon-alpha
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Growth Inhibitors
Antineoplastic Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Immunologic Factors

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 21, 2016