Striatal and Extra-striatal Mechanisms of Falling in Parkinson's Disease
This study has been completed.
First Posted: August 18, 2008
Last Update Posted: March 4, 2016
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government.
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Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Nicolaas Bohnen, MD, PhD, University of Michigan
This research study will evaluate functions of memory, thinking, eye movements and walking and how these relate to the measurement of certain chemicals (acetylcholine and dopamine) in the brain using an imaging procedure called positron emission tomography (PET). You may know that the brain chemical dopamine, a "neurotransmitter" substance (a chemical messenger that nerve cells need to communicate with each other), is important for the brain to control movements and that the brain chemical acetylcholine may have functions related to mental concentration and attention. At the present time, the investigators have no clear information how these two chemicals in the brain of patients with Parkinson's disease are related to the risk of falling.
||Observational Model: Case Control
Time Perspective: Prospective
||Striatal and Extra-striatal Mechanisms of Falling in Parkinson's Disease
| Study Start Date:
| Study Completion Date:
| Primary Completion Date:
||April 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Observational Parkinson's Disease
Observational study of subjects with Parkinson disease
Observational Normal Control aubjects
Observational study of normal control subjects
Although most research in PD has a focus on presynaptic dopaminergic denervation, new lessons may be learned by exploring to what extent alterations in non-motor and non-dopaminergic systems may play a role in the balance impairment in this disorder. This project is designed to evaluate striatal pre-synaptic dopaminergic, cortical, thalamic, and brainstem cholinergic, cognitive, and oculomotor mechanisms underlying the risk of falling and imbalance in PD. The proposed study will exploit advances in our center in the development of dynamic biomathematical modeling of electronic platform data, application of specialized cognitive and oculomotor assessments, and positron emission tomography (PET). This novel multi-system approach holds promise for understanding mechanisms of falling in PD beyond pre-synaptic dopaminergic nigrostriatal denervation.
Information from the National Library of Medicine
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|Ages Eligible for Study:
||50 Years to 85 Years (Adult, Senior)
|Sexes Eligible for Study:
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
Patients with Parkinson's disease and normal control persons between the ages of 50-85 years are eligible to participate in this study. Participants should be willing and able to comply with study requirements. Normal control persons should not have a history of brain or mental disorders. Both males and females are eligible.
- Subjects considered for inclusion will be female or male subjects either currently enrolled or eligible for care at the VA aged 50-85 years, or community volunteers.
- The racial, gender and ethnic characteristics of the proposed subjects population reflect the demographics of the patient population of the VA. However, extra efforts will be made to recruit women and minorities (see table 5).
- Children will be excluded from the study.
- No exclusion criteria shall be based on race, ethnicity, gender, or asymptomatic HIV status.
- Inability to stand or walk independently (i.e., patients in Hoehn and Yahr stage IV and V).
- Vertiginous disorder.
- Orthostatic hypotension or unstable cardiovascular disease at risk of syncope (drop in systolic blood pressure of > 20 mm Hg upon standing).
- History of stroke with focal cortical lesions.
- Cerebellar, myelopathic or significant radiculopathy syndrome.
- Diminished light perception in both eyes (< 20/40 corrected OU).
- Intracranial surgery.
- Subjects who have participated in other research protocols such that their cumulative radiation absorbed dose to whole body, gonads, bone marrow or lens of the eye would exceed 5 Rem, or dose to other body organs is more than 15 Rem in preceding 12 months.
- Pregnancy (beta-HCG test within 48 hours of PET study) or breastfeeding.
- Contra-indications to MRI.
Information from the National Library of Medicine
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00736671
|University of Michigan Functional Neuroimaging, Cognnitive and Mobility Laboratory
|Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States, 48106 |
University of Michigan
||Nicolaas Bohnen, MD, PhD, Principal Investigator, University of Michigan
History of Changes
|Other Study ID Numbers:
||August 15, 2008
||August 18, 2008
|Last Update Posted:
||March 4, 2016
|Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
|Plan to Share IPD:
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Basal Ganglia Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases