Palatal Implants in Combination With Continuous Positive Airway Pressure to Treat Obstructive Sleep Apnea (Pillar-CPAP)
The study will be done for the following purposes:
- to see if Pillar implants in combination with CPAP therapy can help people with their OSA by decreasing the CPAP pressures
- to find out if receiving Pillar implants will increase CPAP use
Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA)
Device: Pillar Palatal Implant System
Device: Sham system
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Randomized Placebo-Controlled Study of the Pillar® Palatal Implant System With CPAP|
- Therapeutic Pressure From a Polysomnogram (PSG) With Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) Titration [ Time Frame: Baseline and 3 months post-procedure ]
- Visual Analog Scale (VAS) for Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) Comfort Score. [ Time Frame: Baseline and 4 months post-procedure ]
- Measurement of Total Leak as Recorded by SmartCard (Home Compliance Feature of the Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Machine) [ Time Frame: Baseline and 4 months post-procedure ]
- Visual Analog Scale (VAS) to Measure Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) Satisfaction. [ Time Frame: Baseline and 4 months post-procedure ]
- Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), a Validated Measure of Daytime Sleepiness. [ Time Frame: Baseline and 4 months post-procedure ]
- Functional Outcomes of Sleep Questionnaire (FOSQ), a Validated Measure the Impact of Excessive Sleepiness on Multiple Activities of Daily Living. [ Time Frame: Baseline and 4 months post-procedure ]
- Measurement of Usage (Hours) of the Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Machine as Recorded by SmartCard (Home Compliance Monitor) [ Time Frame: Baseline and 4 months post-procedure ]
|Study Start Date:||November 2007|
|Study Completion Date:||March 2009|
|Primary Completion Date:||September 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Active Comparator: Palatal Implants
Pillar(R) Palatal Implants in combination with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) in subjects diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)
Device: Pillar Palatal Implant System
The Pillar system is intended as an initial treatment option for mild to moderate OSA. It consists of a delivery system and an implant. The delivery system is comprised of a disposable handle and needle assembly that allows for positioning and placement of the implant within the soft palate of the mouth. The 18mm x 2mm implant is a cylindrical shaped segment of braided polyester filaments that is intended for permanent implantation into the soft palate. The implant is pre-loaded into the needle. Three implants are placed in each subject under local anesthesia. Because implants are not able to be seen in the soft palate tissue, the physician is unable to see if an implant is placed or not placed and thus is blinded to the intervention type.
Sham Comparator: Sham procedure
Sham (procedure but no implants inserted) in combination with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) in subjects diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)
Device: Sham system
The Pillar system consists of a delivery system and an implant. The only difference between the treatment and sham arm in this study is that the sham delivery device is not pre-loaded with the implant. Otherwise the appearance, manufacturing and function of the delivery devices are identical. Three insertions are made, but no implants are actually deployed during the procedure. Because implants are not able to be seen in the soft palate tissue, the physician is unable to see if an implant is placed or not placed and thus is blinded to the intervention type.
Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) is the intermittent cessation of breathing during sleep due to the collapse of the pharyngeal airway. As reported in the April 2004 Journal of the American Medical Association, it is estimated that 59 million people in the United States suffer OSA symptoms. OSA is typically diagnosed through an overnight sleep study (polysomnogram or PSG) in a sleep laboratory or a portable monitoring system. The American Academy of Sleep Medicine's (AASM) recommended treatment for patients with OSA is Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP), which is a life-long therapy that requires subjects to wear a nasal or facial mask connected to a portable airflow generator while sleeping. CPAP therapy is intended to treat OSA by preventing collapse of the upper airway during sleep with the use of positive pressure. Compliance with CPAP therapy may be a problem as fewer than 50% of patients using CPAP have been considered "regular" users due to a variety of factors such as claustrophobia, nasal stuffiness, social factors, and inconvenience.
The Pillar® Palatal Implant System is currently commercially available in the United States, Europe, and other countries to treat habitual snoring and mild to moderate OSA. It is a minimally invasive, well-tolerated procedure that reduces the flexibility of the soft palate and increases its stiffness, which reduces snoring and may limit the palate's ability to collapse into the airway during sleep contributing to clinical episodes of OSA.
The Pillar system consists of a delivery system and an implant. The delivery system is comprised of a disposable handle and needle assembly that allows for positioning and placement of the implants within the soft palate. The 18mm x 2mm implant is a cylindrical shaped segment of braided polyester filaments that is intended for permanent implantation into the soft palate. The needle of the delivery system is inserted into the soft palate, near the hard palate junction. A sliding thumb switch is retracted to deploy the implant. The first implant is placed midline and two additional implants are placed, one on each side approximately 2mm from the midline implant, for a total of three implants.
An antiseptic rinse is recommended pre-procedure and an appropriate broad-spectrum antibiotic should be given both pre and post-procedurally. Local anesthesia is used in all patients. Pain medication is suggested to manage discomfort in the immediate post-operative period.
While the Pillar procedure can be effective in the treatment of mild to moderate OSA, its effect in combination with CPAP treatment has never been studied. In this study, the treatment of OSA using the Pillar procedure in combination with standard CPAP treatment vs. sham procedure in combination with standard CPAP treatment will be investigated. All subjects will be asked to continue their normal use of CPAP treatment during the study. The study will evaluate whether or not the Pillar implants allow less therapeutic pressure to be used in treating the OSA and if less pressure translates to increased usage.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00730041
|United States, Arkansas|
|Arkansas Center for Sleep Medicine|
|Little Rock, Arkansas, United States, 72205|
|United States, California|
|Alta Bates Summit Medical Center|
|Berkeley, California, United States, 94704|
|United States, Colorado|
|Sleep Center at National Jewish Medical Center|
|Denver, Colorado, United States, 80206|
|United States, Louisiana|
|Louisiana Sleep Foundation|
|Baton Rouge, Louisiana, United States, 70809|
|United States, Minnesota|
|Regions Hospital; Health Partners Sleep Health Center|
|St. Paul, Minnesota, United States, 55101-2595|
|United States, New York|
|NYU Sleep Disorders Center|
|New York, New York, United States, 10016|
|United States, South Carolina|
|Medical University of South Carolina|
|Charleston, South Carolina, United States, 29425|
|Principal Investigator:||David M Rapoport, MD||NYU Sleep Disorders Center|