Brain Activity in Time Discrimination and Sensory Input

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00726050
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 31, 2008
Last Update Posted : July 2, 2017
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)

Brief Summary:

This study will use repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation, or rTMS (magnetic stimulation to the brain), to examine how the brain distinguishes between two signals that are spaced very closely in time. The ability to tell the difference between sensory signals is important to understanding sensory input. Understanding how this works may help to develop new treatments for sensory deficits.

Healthy volunteers 18 years of age and older may be eligible for this study. Participants undergo the following procedures during three visits to the NIH Clinical Center:

rTMS - all visits (sham rTMS on one visit) :

For TMS, a wire coil is held on the scalp. A brief electrical current passed through the coil creates a magnetic pulse that stimulates the brain. During the stimulation, the subject may be asked to tense certain muscles slightly or perform other simple actions.

Theta burst stimulation (TBS) - all visits (sham TBS on one visit):

Same as TMS, but brief pulses of electrical current are passed through the coil. Subjects undergo intermittent TBS on one visit and continuous TBS on another.

Somatosensory evoked potential (SEP) - all visits:

SEP tests how sensory information travels along the nerves to the spinal cord and brain. A small metal disk electrode placed on an arm delivers a small electrical shock. Electrodes placed on the scalp record how the impulse travels over the nerve pathways to the cerebral cortex of the brain. EEG (see below) records what sensory information the brain is detecting and processing. Paired-pulse SEP is done before and after TBS.

Temporal discrimination threshold - all visits:

This test investigates the brain's ability to discriminate sensory information. Electrodes are placed on the subject's wrist. Two electrical pulses are delivered to the nerve at the wrist at different spaced intervals to determine when the subject feels the two pulses are fused into one. This test is done before and after TBS.

Electroencephalography (EEG) - all visits:

This test records brain waves (electrical activity of the brain). Electrodes are placed on the scalp with an electrode cap. The spaces between the electrodes and the scalp are filled with a gel that conducts electrical activity.

Condition or disease
Healthy Volunteers

Detailed Description:


The ability to discriminate successive signals separated by time intervals in the millisecond-range is an important element in analyzing the temporal characteristics of sensory input. When two identical stimuli are presented with a sufficient time interval between them, they are readily perceived as being two separate events. As they are presented progressively closer together, there comes a point when the two separate stimuli are perceived as one. However, the neural mechanism of temporal discrimination is unclear. Therefore, our major objective is to analyze, in detail, the effect of cortical excitability and inhibition on temporal sensory discrimination in healthy subjects.

Study Population:

We intend to study 25 adult healthy volunteers.


Assuming the cortical circuit in the somatosensory area plays an important role in temporal discrimination, we plan to investigate the relationship between cortical excitability and the ability of temporal discrimination. We hypothesize that the extent of cortical excitability affects the ability to discriminate. Cortical excitability will be modulated by using repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS). Comparison of cortical excitability changes will be determined before and after rTMS in the primary somatosensory cortex (SI). The change in cortical information processing in SI will be studied using multi-channel electroencephalography (EEG) recording of paired-pulse somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs) delivered at rest. Activity assessment in the cortical circuit will be measured by the recovery curve of the amplitude of paired-pulse SEPs.

Outcome Measures:

The primary outcome measure will be the change in amplitude of the paired-pulse SEP component (P27) in 5-ms interstimulus interval condition for three types of rTMS. The secondary outcome will be the amplitude of paired-pulse SEP components during other interstimulus interval conditions (10 to 200 ms).

Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 4 participants
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: The Relationship Between Temporal Discrimination and Cortical Excitability in Humans
Study Start Date : July 28, 2008
Study Completion Date : April 29, 2010

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
  • Age 18 years and older
  • Absence of dystonia or other neurological conditions


  • Concurrent medical, surgical, neurologic or psychiatric condition
  • History of neurological disorders
  • History of seizure disorder
  • Pregnant women
  • Presence of pacemaker, implanted medical pump, metal plate or metal object in skull or eye

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00726050

United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)