We're building a better ClinicalTrials.gov. Check it out and tell us what you think!
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

Carotid Atherosclerosis: MEtformin for Insulin ResistAnce Study (CAMERA)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00723307
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 28, 2008
Last Update Posted : December 11, 2012
NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde
Chief Scientist Office of the Scottish Government
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Professor Naveed Sattar, University of Glasgow

Brief Summary:

Hypothesis: Treatment with metformin in overweight non-diabetic individuals with coronary heart disease and on standard cardiovascular risk reducing agents including statins will have a beneficial impact on carotid artery atherosclerosis compared to placebo.

Rationale: Once subjects have a heart attack, they remain at much higher than average risk of another heart attack and stroke, despite the best current therapies to lower their cholesterol and blood pressure and thin their blood. Many subjects with heart disease also have problems metabolising (i.e. processing) sugar even if they do not have diabetes. There is some evidence that metformin, a drug which improves sugar metabolism, decreases the risk of future heart attacks in diabetic patients. However, whether metformin further reduces the risk of heart disease beyond established treatments in people without diabetes is unknown.

Method: The investigators will test the ability metformin, a drug with proven safety, to slow the progression of furring up (known as atherosclerosis) of blood vessels in non-diabetic subjects with heart disease. This will be achieved by treating 2 groups of subjects with metformin and placebo pills respectively. To measure atherosclerosis, the investigators will carry out ultrasound scans of the big blood vessels in the neck at the start of the study, after 1 year and after 1.5 years of therapy.The investigators will then be able to assess whether metformin has had a beneficial impact.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Coronary Artery Disease Drug: Metformin Drug: Placebo Phase 4

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 173 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomised Placebo-controlled Trial of Metformin on Progression of Carotid Atherosclerosis in Non-diabetic Patients With Cardiovascular Disease Treated With Conventional Risk Reducing Agents
Study Start Date : February 2009
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2012
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2012

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Atherosclerosis

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Metformin Drug: Metformin
White film-coated tablets, 850mg tablet twice daily, 1.5 years duration
Other Names:
  • Glucophage
  • Glucophage SR
  • Bolamyn SR

Placebo Comparator: Placebo Drug: Placebo
White coated tablet; one tablet twice daily; 1.5 years duration
Other Name: Dummy pill

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Difference in progression of carotid intima-media thickness (measured in millimetres) between groups treated with metformin and placebo [ Time Frame: 1.5 years ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Correlation of HbA1C, t-PA, CRP, IL-6, HOMA-IR and ICAM-1 with change in carotid IMT in metformin- and placebo-treated groups will be evaluated. [ Time Frame: 1.5 years ]
  2. Difference in progression of carotid total plaque area (measured in square millimetres) between groups treated with metformin and placebo [ Time Frame: 1.5 years ]
  3. Difference in progression of carotid total plaque volume (measured in cubic millimetres) between groups treated with metformin and placebo [ Time Frame: 1.5 years ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   35 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Proven coronary heart disease (prior acute coronary syndrome, prior CABG or angiographically proven CHD)
  • Aged 35-75 years
  • Elevated waist circumference as per the International Diabetes Foundation criteria (94 cm in men and 80 cm in women)
  • All patients will be on statin

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnancy and/or lactation at screening
  • Premenopausal woman not on contraception
  • Known or newly diagnosed diabetes mellitus on oral glucose tolerance testing (OGTT will be performed on subjects with HbA1C 6.0-6.9% and fasting plasma glucose [FPG] < 7.0 mmol/L at screening18)
  • Screening results: HbA1C ≥ 7.0% and/or fasting plasma glucose ≥ 7.0 mmol/L
  • Patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome within the last 3 months
  • Clinically unstable heart failure
  • Uncontrolled angina
  • Contraindications to metformin

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00723307

Layout table for location information
United Kingdom
Glasgow Clinical Research Facility, NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde
Glasgow, United Kingdom, G11 6NT
Sponsors and Collaborators
Professor Naveed Sattar
NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde
Chief Scientist Office of the Scottish Government
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Naveed Sattar, PhD University of Glasgow
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Professor Naveed Sattar, Professor of Metabolic Medicine, University of Glasgow
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00723307    
Other Study ID Numbers: Gla-Met-1 (version 5)
First Posted: July 28, 2008    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 11, 2012
Last Verified: December 2012
Keywords provided by Professor Naveed Sattar, University of Glasgow:
No diabetes mellitus
Elevated waist circumference
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Carotid Artery Diseases
Coronary Artery Disease
Coronary Disease
Myocardial Ischemia
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Arterial Occlusive Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Cerebrovascular Disorders
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Hypoglycemic Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs