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Phase IIa Study of AV411, a Glial Activation Inhibitor, for Opioid Withdrawal (AV411)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00723177
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 28, 2008
Results First Posted : December 5, 2016
Last Update Posted : December 5, 2016
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
New York State Psychiatric Institute

Brief Summary:
Repeated use and/or abuse of opioid medications is generally associated with a characteristic withdrawal syndrome that develops after cessation of drug administration. The present study is designed to evaluate the effectiveness of AV411 to alter opioid-induced withdrawal symptoms.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Opioid-Related Disorders Drug: AV411 Drug: Placebo (PCB) Phase 2

Detailed Description:
Opioid-induced cytokine release and glial activation has been proposed to directly contribute to the affective and physiological aspects of withdrawal. Furthermore, cytokine release following opioid administration has been hypothesized to be a limiting factor in both the duration and magnitude of opioid-induced analgesia. The two primary goals of our study are to assess AV411's ability to 1) reduce the opioid-withdrawal syndrome and 2) increase and prolong the analgesic effects of the mu-opioid agonist, oxycodone. To explore whether AV411 decreases opioid-induced glial cell activation, some participants assigned to the placebo and high dose AV411 groups (n = 6 for each dose condition) will be studied twice with [11C]PK11195, a positron emission tomography (PET) radiotracer used to measure the peripheral benzodiazepine receptor (PBR) in the human brain. The PBR is a receptor located on the mitochondria of the microglia and can be used to examine microglial activation in various brain regions.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 30 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Official Title: The Safety, Tolerability and Preliminary Efficacy of AV411, a Glial Activation Inhibitor, in Heroin Abusers Under Conditions of Morphine Maintenance and Withdrawal
Study Start Date : October 2008
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 2010
Actual Study Completion Date : June 2012

Arm Intervention/treatment
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
This group will receive placebo drug
Drug: Placebo (PCB)
Placebo drug will be administered orally twice a day (BID) for two consecutive weeks
Other Name: PCB or 0 mg

Experimental: Low-dose AV411
This group will receive a low dose of AV411
Drug: AV411
Low (20 mg), and high dose (40 mg) of AV411 will be administered orally twice a day (BID) for two consecutive weeks
Other Name: ibudilast

Experimental: High-dose AV411
This group will receive a high dose of AV411
Drug: AV411
Low (20 mg), and high dose (40 mg) of AV411 will be administered orally twice a day (BID) for two consecutive weeks
Other Name: ibudilast

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Subjective Opioid Withdrawal Scale Score (SOWS) [ Time Frame: Measured at the end of each two-week maintenance period (i.e., Placebo, Low AV411, High AV411). ]
    Measures severity of opioid withdrawal in opioid dependent populations (0-64). Larger values indicate more severe withdrawal.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. The Effects of AV411 on the Analgesic Effects of Oxycodone. [ Time Frame: Measured at the end of each AV411 of the three two-week maintenance periods ]
    The McGill Pain Questionnaire (Melzack, 1987) was used to assess pain experience immediately following the immersion of the hand in 4 degree Celsius water. Scores were added across all 15 items to generate a sum score, which ranged between 15 and 60. Larger scores indicate greater pain levels.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   21 Years to 45 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Adults between the ages of 21 and 45
  • Current dependence on heroin according to (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual) DSM-IV criteria
  • Non-treatment seeking

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Female participants who are currently pregnant or breastfeeding. Lack of effective birth control 10 days before Study Day 1 (15 days prior to the first PET scan)
  • Self-reported use of methadone, buprenorphine, or levo-alpha-acetylmethadol (LAAM) in the past 14 days
  • Participants who have a positive history of neurological illness (including epilepsy) or those who have received anti-convulsant therapy during the past 5 years
  • Liver disease requiring medication or medical treatment, and/or aspartate or alanine aminotransferase levels greater than 3 times the upper limit of normal
  • Gastrointestinal or renal disease that would significantly impair absorption, metabolism or excretion of study drug, or require medication or medical treatment
  • Neurological or psychiatric disorders including psychosis, bipolar disorder, organic brain disease, any seizure history or other disorders that require treatment or that could make study compliance difficult
  • Positive tuberculosis (PPD) TB skin test along with a clinical history and chest X-ray indicative of active tuberculosis. (Individuals who have a positive PPD test and have a negative chest X-ray, are not symptomatic for tuberculosis, and do not require anti-tuberculosis therapy will be eligible to participate. Participants will be asked if they ever tested positive for tuberculosis. If so, they will not be given a PPD and a chest X-ray and clinical history will be used for evaluation purposes).
  • Presence or positive history of severe medical illness or any cardiovascular disease or heart abnormality, such as low hemoglobin (Hb < 13 g/dL in males, Hb < 11 g/dL in females), or BP > 150/90.
  • Requirement for any of the following medications (current or within the past 4 weeks): psychotropics (including sedative/hypnotics, antidepressants, neuroleptics), anticonvulsants, antihypertensives, antiarrhythmics, or antiretroviral medications,. Participants on any current psychoactive prescription medications will be excluded.
  • Current dependence (by DSM-IV criteria) on methadone, LAAM, or buprenorphine
  • Participants for whom detoxification is not "clinically recommended" such as those with a significant history of overdose following detoxification
  • Participation in an investigational drug study within the past 3 months
  • Hypersensitivity to any of the medications used in this study
  • Participants who are positive for HIV or chronic active hepatitis
  • Metal implants or paramagnetic objects contained within the body which may interfere with the MRI scan, as determined in consultation with a neuroradiologist and according to the guidelines set forth in the following reference book commonly used by neuroradiologists: "Guide to MR procedures and metallic objects" Shellock Frank G., Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Healthcare, Philadelphia, 2001.
  • Lifetime exposure to radiation in the workplace, or participation in nuclear medicine procedures, including research protocols, in the past year
  • Positive Allen Test indicating lack of collateral blood flow to hand
  • History of Reynaud's syndrome

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00723177

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United States, New York
New York State Psychiatric Institute/Columbia University
New York, New York, United States, 10032
Sponsors and Collaborators
New York State Psychiatric Institute
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
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Principal Investigator: Sandra D Comer, PhD New York State Psychiatric Institute and Columbia University
Publications of Results:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: New York State Psychiatric Institute Identifier: NCT00723177    
Other Study ID Numbers: #5725
P50DA009236 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: July 28, 2008    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: December 5, 2016
Last Update Posted: December 5, 2016
Last Verified: October 2016
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: Data have been published in a peer-reviewed journal.
Keywords provided by New York State Psychiatric Institute:
opioid withdrawal, analgesia
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Opioid-Related Disorders
Narcotic-Related Disorders
Substance-Related Disorders
Chemically-Induced Disorders
Mental Disorders
Bronchodilator Agents
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Asthmatic Agents
Respiratory System Agents
Phosphodiesterase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors
Vasodilator Agents