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Novel Capecitabine Dosing Schedule in Combination With Lapatinib, Based on the Norton-Simon Mathematical Method in Patients With HER2 Overexpressed/Amplified, Trastuzumab (Herceptin) -Refractory, Metastatic Breast Cancer

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center Identifier:
First received: July 22, 2008
Last updated: July 11, 2016
Last verified: July 2016

HER2 is a protein that sits on the surface of breast cancer cells in some people. Because you are one of these people, your breast cancer is called "HER2-positive." The HER2 protein is involved in the growth of your breast cancer. Certain drugs can interfere with the ability of the HER2 protein to cause breast cancer growth. Trastuzumab is one of these drugs. You must have already received trastuzumab as treatment for your breast cancer to be considered for this study.

Other drugs are being studied in women with HER2-positive breast cancer. Lapatinib (Tykerb™) blocks signals that stimulate HER2-positive breast cancers to grow. The FDA approved lapatinib for use with capecitabine (Xeloda™) in patients who have metastatic breast cancer that has grown or spread after treatment with trastuzumab.

Capecitabine was approved by the FDA in 1998 for treating metastatic breast cancer. Capecitabine is a pill that blocks the way cancer cells multiply and grow. Usually, this medicine is taken twice a day for fourteen days. Then, patients do not take the pill for seven days. With this schedule and dose, some patients have had side effects that interfered with their comfort. We have used mathematical models to recommend a new schedule of capecitabine. In animals, 7 days of treatment with capecitabine followed by a 7-day break was safer and more active against breast cancer. The purpose of this study is to find out what effect (both good and bad) capecitabine has on you and your breast cancer when given in this new schedule and combined with lapatinib.

Condition Intervention Phase
Breast Cancer
Drug: capecitabine, lapatinib
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Study of a Novel Capecitabine Dosing Schedule in Combination With Lapatinib, Based on the Norton-Simon Mathematical Method in Patients With HER2 Overexpressed/Amplified, Trastuzumab (Herceptin) -Refractory, Metastatic Breast Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Estimate efficacy of capecitabine 7/7 in combination with lapatinib in patients with HER2 overexpressed/amplified, trastuzumab-refractory, metastatic breast cancer as determined by overall response rate (complete response (CR) + partial response (PR)) [ Time Frame: conclusion of the study ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • To evaluate the toxicities associated with this combination regimen (according to NCI CTC v.3), stable disease > 6 months, and progression free survival at 6 months. [ Time Frame: conclusion of the study ]

Enrollment: 24
Study Start Date: July 2008
Study Completion Date: July 2016
Primary Completion Date: July 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: 1
The regimen consists of capecitabine 2,000mg twice daily for 7 days followed by a 7-day rest in combination with lapatinib 1,250mg orally daily.
Drug: capecitabine, lapatinib
Capecitabine 2,000mg twice daily for 7 days followed by a 7-day rest in combination with lapatinib 1,250mg orally daily. Cycle length is 28 days (+/- 2 days).Toxicity assessment will occur q2 weeks for the first 4 weeks, then q4 weeks(+/- 2 days). Radiographic response assessment will take place q12 weeks (+/- 1 week). LVEF assessment will be repeated q12 weeks (+/- 1 week).


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with a diagnosis of invasive adenocarcinoma of the breast confirmed by histology or cytology at MSKCC.
  • Clinical evidence of metastatic breast cancer.
  • HER2 overexpression and/or amplification as determined by immunohistochemistry (3+) or FISH (≥2.0).
  • Progressive disease following treatment with trastuzumab for metastatic breast cancer or as adjuvant therapy (either single-agent or combination therapy)
  • Prior therapy inclusion:

    • No more than two prior chemotherapy regimens allowed for advanced stage disease
    • No prior fluoropyrimidine in the metastatic setting. Adjuvant fluoropyrimidine is permitted if >6 months prior to treatment on study.
    • No restriction for prior hormonal therapy. No concurrent use of endocrine therapy is permitted.
    • No more than 450mg/m2 cumulative dose of prior doxorubicin
    • At least 3 weeks since prior chemotherapy or radiation therapy
  • Age ≥ or = to 18. Because no dosing or adverse event data are currently available on the use of lapatinib in patients <18 years of age, children are excluded from this study.
  • Patients must be willing to discontinue sex hormonal therapy e.g., birth control pills, ovarian hormonal replacement therapy, etc., prior to enrollment. Women of childbearing potential must be willing to consent to using effective contraception while on treatment and for a reasonable period thereafter.
  • Negative HCG pregnancy test for premenopausal women of reproductive capacity and for women less than 12 months after the menopause.
  • Asymptomatic, central nervous system metastases are permitted if patients remain clinically stable after discontinuation of corticosteroids and anticonvulsants.
  • ECOG performance status < or = to 2
  • Life expectancy of greater than 12 weeks

Patients must have normal organ and marrow function as defined below:

  • leukocytes ≥ or = to 3,000/μL
  • absolute neutrophil count ≥ or = 1,500/μL
  • platelets ≥ or = 100,000/μL
  • total bilirubin within normal institutional limits AST (SGOT)/ALT(SGPT) ≤ or = 2.5x institutional upper limit of normal serum creatinine within normal institutional limits

    • Cardiac ejection fraction at or above the lower limit of normal of 50% as measured by multigated radionuclide angiography (MUGA) scan. If LVEF is greater than 70%, and ECHO should be performed as well. Baseline and on treatment scans should be performed using the same modality and preferably at the same institution.
    • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed. consent document.
    • Able to swallow and retain oral medication.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients may not be receiving any concurrent anticancer therapy or investigational agents with the intention of treating breast cancer.
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to lapatinib or capecitabine.
  • Known DPD deficiency.
  • Uncontrolled inter-current illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, myocardial infarction within 6 months of study entry, uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.
  • Pregnant women are excluded from this study because lapatinib is member of the 4- anilinoquinazoline class of kinase inhibitors with the potential for teratogenic or abortifacient effects. Because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with lapatinib, breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with lapatinib.
  • HIV-positive patients receiving combination anti-retroviral therapy are excluded from the study because of possible pharmacokinetic interactions with lapatinib. Appropriate studies will be undertaken in patients receiving combination anti-retroviral therapy when indicated.
  • Patients with GI tract disease resulting in an inability to take oral medication, malabsorption syndrome, a requirement for IV alimentation, prior surgical procedures affecting absorption,uncontrolled inflammatory GI disease (e.g., Crohn's, ulcerative colitis).
  • Concomitant requirement for medication classified as CYP3A4 inducers or inhibitors:
  • Medications that inhibit or induce CYP3A4 are prohibited. Eligibility of patients receiving medications or substances known to affect, or with the potential to affect the activity or pharmacokinetics of lapatinib will be determined following review of their use by the Principal Investigator.
  • Renal function as measured by creatinine clearance < 30ml/min
  • Patients are permitted to participate in other non-therapeutic clinical trials while receiving treatment on this study (ie, experimental imaging, minor procedures necessary for tissue acquisition on study)
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00721630

United States, New Jersey
Memorial Sloan-Kettering at Basking Ridge
Basking Ridge, New Jersey, United States, 07920
United States, New York
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center at Commack
Commack, New York, United States, 11725
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
New York, New York, United States, 10065
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center at Mercy Medical Center
Rockville Centre, New York, United States, 11570
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center at Phelps Memorial Hospital Center
Sleepy Hollow, New York, United States, 10591
Sponsors and Collaborators
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
Principal Investigator: Tiffany Traina, MD Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
  More Information

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center Identifier: NCT00721630     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 08-025
Study First Received: July 22, 2008
Last Updated: July 11, 2016

Keywords provided by Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center:

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors processed this record on March 27, 2017