Try our beta test site
IMPORTANT: Listing of a study on this site does not reflect endorsement by the National Institutes of Health. Talk with a trusted healthcare professional before volunteering for a study. Read more...

Reduction of Immunization Discomfort in Children

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
Berberich, F. Ralph, M.D. Identifier:
First received: July 21, 2008
Last updated: July 22, 2008
Last verified: July 2008
A combination of topical anesthetic, plastic arm gripper, visual focusing task and hypnotic suggestions will reduce the discomfort associated with immunization of pre-kindergarten aged children.

Condition Intervention
Behavioral: Topical anesthetic and hypnotic distraction
Behavioral: Office routine

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: Reduction of Immunization Discomfort in 4-6 Year Old Children: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Further study details as provided by Berberich, F. Ralph, M.D.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Facial Pain Scale and Faces-Legs-Activity-Cry-Consolability Scale measurements of degree of discomfort. [ Time Frame: 10 Minutes ]

Enrollment: 42
Study Start Date: June 2007
Study Completion Date: August 2007
Primary Completion Date: August 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: 1
Ethyl chloride spray, plastic arm gripper, vibrating instrument, hypnotic suggestions
Behavioral: Topical anesthetic and hypnotic distraction
Ethyl chloride spray, plastic arm gripper, vibrating instrument, hypnotic suggestions.
Other Name: Wahl vibrator
Placebo Comparator: 2
Office routine
Behavioral: Office routine
Standard vaccine administration

Detailed Description:
Randomization of 42 children evaluated the method described above against an office routine control group.

Ages Eligible for Study:   4 Years to 6 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • All children ages 4-6 years scheduled to receive routine pre-kindergarten immunizations

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Inability to follow verbal directions
  • Significant concurrent illness
  • Prior invasive procedures, excluding neonatal circumcision
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00720824

United States, California
Pediatric Medical Group
Berkeley, California, United States, 94705
Sponsors and Collaborators
Berberich, F. Ralph, M.D.
Principal Investigator: f. Ralph berberich, MD Pediatric Medial Group
  More Information

Responsible Party: F. Ralph Berberich, MD Identifier: NCT00720824     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Berberich
Study First Received: July 21, 2008
Last Updated: July 22, 2008

Keywords provided by Berberich, F. Ralph, M.D.:
aged 4-6 Years

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Ethyl Chloride
Hypnotics and Sedatives
Central Nervous System Depressants
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Immunologic Factors
Anesthetics, Local
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents processed this record on April 28, 2017