Gemcitabine and Split-dose Cisplatin (GC) Plus Sorafenib in Chemotherapy-naïve Patients With Locally Advanced or Metastatic Urothelial Carcinoma
Standard chemotherapy drugs generally work by killing rapidly dividing cells in your body. Cancers cells are some of the most rapidly dividing cells and that is why chemotherapy can be effective in some patients. Gemcitabine and Cisplatin are an effective and standard drug combination used to treat locally advanced and metastatic urothelial cancer. However, these drugs do not shrink tumors in all patients and when they do, it is generally for a limited amount of time. This has led scientists to look for different ways to treat cancer.
New drugs have been developed to treat cancer that work differently than standard chemotherapy drugs. These drugs attempt to decrease the blood supply to tumors. By doing so, this may limit the tumor's source of oxygen and nutrients and prevent the tumor from growing. Sorafenib is an example of a drug that works in this way.
In some patients with advanced kidney cancer, sorafenib alone has been shown to slow the progression of their disease. The purpose of this study is to find out what effects, good and/or bad, the combination of gemcitabine, cisplatin, and sorafenib has on you and your cancer.
|Bladder Cancer URINARY BLADDER||Drug: gemcitabine and cisplatin plus sorafenib||Phase 2|
|Study Design:||Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Phase II Study of Gemcitabine and Split-dose Cisplatin (GC) Plus Sorafenib in Chemotherapy-naïve Patients With Locally Advanced or Metastatic Urothelial Carcinoma|
- To Determine the Progression Free Survival Rate at One Year Untreated Patients With Advanced/Metastatic Urothelial Carcinoma Treated With the Combination of Sorafenib, Gemcitabine, and Cisplatin. [ Time Frame: conclusion of the study ]
|Study Start Date:||July 2008|
|Study Completion Date:||November 2011|
|Primary Completion Date:||November 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
This is a phase II trial of gemcitabine and Split-dose cisplatin plus sorafenib.
Drug: gemcitabine and cisplatin plus sorafenib
Gemcitabine 1000 mg/m 2 will be administered on days 1 and 8 and cisplatin 35 mg/m 2 will be administered on days 1 and 8. A total of six cycles of therapy will be administered at 21day intervals. Sorafenib 400 mg PO twice daily will be initiated on day 1 of cycle 1 and continued, as tolerated, until the time of disease progression or a maximum of 12 months. The total chemotherapy dose for gemcitabine and cisplatin (GC) may be modified for patients with severe obesity (e.g. body surface area (BSA) > 2.1), after consultation with the Principal Investigator.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00714948
|United States, New York|
|Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center|
|New York, New York, United States, 10065|
|Principal Investigator:||Matthew Milowsky, MD||Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center|