Single Dosing of Zoledronic Acid in Cancer Therapy Induced Bone Loss (CTIBL) (CTIBL)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00712985
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 11, 2008
Results First Posted : April 24, 2014
Last Update Posted : April 24, 2014
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Allan Lipton, Milton S. Hershey Medical Center

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this research is to establish if a once a year dose of Zoledronic Acid is sufficient to suppress and maintain urine and serum bone density markers (NTx) and serum CTx within normal range at 12 months post-dosing in postmenopausal early breast cancer patients receiving additional treatment with non-steroidal aromatase inhibitors.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Breast Cancer Drug: Zometa Phase 3

Detailed Description:

Bone metastases are frequently one of the first signs of disseminated disease in cancer patients. Skeletal complications due to metastatic disease include (severe) bone pain, spinal cord compromise, pathological fractures, and hypercalcemia.

Zoledronic acid is a member of a class of compounds known as bisphosphonates. Bisphosphonates are effective inhibitors of osteoclastic bone resorption and have demonstrated therapeutic efficacy in the treatments of hypercalcemia of malignancy, lytic bone disease associated with multiple myeloma, and mixed lytic and blastic bone metastases associated with breast cancer. The precise mechanism by which bisphosphonates inhibit osteoclast function is not fully understood, but may include a direct toxic effect on mature osteoclasts, an inhibition of osteoclast production from precursor cells, and an impairment of osteoclast chemotaxis to sites of active bone resorption. Osteoclasts are specialized bone cells which erode mineralized bone by secreting acids and lysosomal enzymes. In normal bone remodeling, osteoclastic bone resorption is coupled to and is in equilibrium with osteoblastic bone formation. The lytic bone destruction associated with malignant bone metastases develops because tumor cells synthesize and release soluble factors that stimulate osteoclasts to resorb bone. The osteoclastic activating factors released by tumor cells include parathyroid hormone-related peptide (PTHrP), growth factors, and cytokines. The malignant activation of osteoclasts results in a disruption of normal bone remodeling wherein the equilibrium between bone resorption and bone formation is shifted toward increased bone resorption. This relative increase in osteoclastic bone resorption results in a net loss of bone. Thus, the predominant role of the osteoclast in the pathogenesis of bone destruction and the inhibitory effects of bisphosphonates on osteoclast function have formed the rationale for the use of bisphosphonates in the treatment of osteolytic bone metastases. The common role, regardless of tumor type, of the osteoclast as the mediator of bone destruction in metastatic skeletal disease is indicated by the inhibitory effects of bisphosphonates on tumor-induced osteolysis in animal models utilizing various malignant cell lines and the effectiveness of bisphosphonates in the therapy of tumor-induced hypercalcemia arising from any type of cancer. Moreover, recent studies have specifically shown that therapy with the bisphosphonate pamidronate (Aredia) combined with antineoplastic therapy significantly reduces the proportion of patients having skeletal complications due to the lytic bone disease associated with multiple myeloma and breast cancer compared to antineoplastic therapy alone.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 18 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Single Dosing of Zoledronic Acid in Cancer Therapy Induced Bone Loss (CTIBL)
Study Start Date : September 2005
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 2011
Actual Study Completion Date : March 2011

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

U.S. FDA Resources

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Zometa (Zoledronic Acid) X 1 dose
Zometa (Zoledronic Acid) 5 mg IV X 1 dose
Drug: Zometa
Zometa (Zoledronic Acid) 5 mg IV over 15 minutes in a one time dose
Other Name: Zoledronic Acid

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants With Urine and Serum NTx and Serum CTx Within Normal Range at 12 Months [ Time Frame: One year ]
    17 women with early breast cancer receiving adjuvant Aromatase Inhibitor (AI) therapy were treated with a single 5 mg IV dose of zoledronic acid. Urine and serum NTx and serum CTx were measured at baseline and month 12.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Postmenopausal women with Stage I, II or IIIa breast cancer being treated with a non-steroidal Aromatase Inhibitor (AI) .Negative bone scan (no bone metastases).
  • Calculated creatinine clearance > 40 ml/min
  • Documented T score of less than or equal to -1.5 on Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiionmetry (DXA) scan at the lumbar spine or femoral neck within 3 months prior to screening.
  • Urine NTx > 50 nano moles(nM)based on second morning void.
  • Signed informed consent.
  • Ambulatory patients at least 18 years of age.
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG)0-2.
  • Ability to comply with trial requirements.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Bone Metastases.
  • Any woman of child bearing potential.
  • Patients with fractures occurring within three months prior to randomization. - Greater than a 2+ protein on urine dipstick without evidence of contamination or bacteriuria (may be repeated one time, at least a day apart).
  • Calculated creatinine clearance less than 30 mL/min at screening.
  • Serum calcium > 2.75 mmol/L (11.0 mg/dL) or < 2.00 mmol/L (8.0 mg/dL).
  • Liver Function tests (LFT)> 2.0 x upper limit of normal (ULN).
  • Serum alkaline phosphatase > 1.5 x ULN. History of hypersensitivity to bisphosphonates.
  • Evidence of vitamin D deficiency (serum 25-(OH) D of less than 15 ng/ml).
  • History of uveitis or iritis, except when secondary to trauma, and must have resolved > 2 years prior to entry.
  • A history of invasive malignancy of any organ system, treated or untreated, within the past 12 months prior to screening; excluding, basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, colonic polyps with non-invasive malignancy which have been removed, Ductal Carcinoma in-situ (DCIS) that has been surgically removed, and Carcinoma in-situ (CIS) of the uterine cervix that has been surgically removed.
  • Previous major solid organ transplant recipient or on a transplant waiting list.
  • Treatment with any investigational drug within 30 days prior to randomization.
  • History of hyperparathyroidism, hypoparathyroidism, Osteogenesis imperfecta, Paget's disease or any metabolic bone disease other than osteoporosis.
  • Any medical condition which would interfere with the action of the study drug or limit life expectancy to less than 6 months.
  • Any medical or psychiatric condition which, in the opinion of the investigator, would preclude the participant from adhering to the protocol or completing the trial.
  • Prior treatment with IV bisphosphonates within the last 2 years.
  • Previous use of oral bisphosphonates within the past 2 years (unless used for less than 8 weeks*). *NOTE: If used less than 8 weeks, the washout period is 6 months.
  • Treatment with raloxifene, calcitonin, tibolone or hormone replacement therapy. The washout period for these medications is 6 months prior to randomization.
  • Any treatment with strontium ranelate, samarium, sodium fluoride or parathyroid hormone.
  • Use of systemic high dose corticosteroids at an average dose of > 7.5 mg per day of oral prednisone or equivalent for a period of three months or more prior to screening.
  • Known hypersensitivity to zoledronic acid or other bisphosphonates.
  • Current active dental problems including infection of the teeth or jawbone (maxilla or mandibular); dental or fixture trauma, or a current or prior diagnosis of osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ), of exposed bone in the mouth, or of slow healing after dental procedures.
  • Recent (within 6 weeks) or planned dental or jaw surgery (e.g.. extraction, implants).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00712985

United States, Pennsylvania
Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center
Hershey, Pennsylvania, United States, 17033
Sponsors and Collaborators
Milton S. Hershey Medical Center
Principal Investigator: Allan Lipton, MD Milton S. Hershey Medical Center

BIG 1-98 Collaborative Group. Letrozole versus tamoxifen as adjuvant endocrine therapy for postmenopausal women with receptor-positive breast cancer. BIG 1-98: a prospective randomized double-blind phase III study. Breast. 2005;14:Suppl 1:S3. Abstract.

Responsible Party: Allan Lipton, MD, Milton S. Hershey Medical Center Identifier: NCT00712985     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CZOL446H US113
First Posted: July 11, 2008    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: April 24, 2014
Last Update Posted: April 24, 2014
Last Verified: March 2014

Keywords provided by Allan Lipton, Milton S. Hershey Medical Center:
Breast cancer
aromatase inhibitors

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Zoledronic acid
Bone Density Conservation Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs