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Thyroid Hormones Homeostasis and Energy Metabolism Changes During Stimulation of Endogenously Secreted Bile Acids (BAs)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00706381
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 27, 2008
Last Update Posted : October 19, 2017
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) )

Brief Summary:

Postprandial thermogenesis, or thermic effect of food are terms that describe the increase in utilization of energy by the human body following a meal. The mechanisms involved in this process are believed to differ according to the type of food consumed, whether fat, protein or carbohydrate.

The bile acids (BAs), unique substances secreted by the gall bladder into the gut after a meal, play an important role in the absorption of fat and the management of cholesterol stores in the body. Recent studies suggest that BAs may also serve as regulators of energy expenditure (consumption) in the cells of our body by increasing the production of T3, an active form of thyroid hormone. T3 in turn is believed to increase the efficiency with which our bodies burn calories thereby generating heat. Although this process has been shown to be effective in rodents who demonstrated weight loss after treatment, the role of BAs in humans is poorly understood. Thus we do not know whether endogenous (produced by the body) or exogenous (taken as medication) BAs play a significant role in the maintenance of body weight. We hypothesize that, similarly to rodents, humans will respond to BAs by increasing energy expenditure via the production of the active form of thyroid hormone.

This randomized, cross-over study will look at changes in thyroid hormones and energy consumption in response to stimuli of endogenous BA secretion including dietary content, and to the intake of pharmacological doses of bile acids.

Following a two-day period of equilibration diet, 30 healthy volunteers will be randomly assigned to receive either a high-fat or high-carbohydrate isocaloric meal followed by a 6-hour metabolic chamber stay; the next day they will be crossed-over to the alternate intervention. During the following three days, the study subjects will again be randomized to receive either an intravenous injection of sincalide (the C-terminal octapeptide fragment of cholecystokinin) 0.04 mcg/kg or placebo and P.O. placebo, or I.V. placebo and 15 mg/kg of BA (ursodiol) with similar metabolic chamber stays and cross-over design.

The following parameters will be recorded and compared to placebo:

Energy expenditure

Substrate utilization

Spontaneous movements

Skin and core temperature

Serial changes in circulating thyroid hormones

Serial changes in bile acid serum concentrations

The data gathered from this study will provide greater insight into the physiological and molecular mechanism(s) regulating the relation between endogenous bile acid secretion and energy metabolism in response to meals, as well as the role of BAs per se on energy metabolism.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Healthy Volunteers Drug: Sincalide Drug: Ursodiol Acid Procedure: High Fat/Low Fat Diet Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Postprandial thermogenesis, or thermic effect of food are terms that describe the increase in utilization of energy by the human body following a meal. The mechanisms involved in this process are believed to differ according to the type of food consumed, whether fat, protein or carbohydrate.

The bile acids (BAs), unique substances secreted by the gall bladder into the gut after a meal, play an important role in the absorption of fat and the management of cholesterol stores in the body. Recent studies suggest that BAs may also serve as regulators of energy expenditure (consumption) in the cells of our body by increasing the production of T3, an active form of thyroid hormone. T3 in turn is believed to increase the efficiency with which our bodies burn calories thereby generating heat. Although this process has been shown to be effective in rodents who demonstrated weight loss after treatment, the role of BAs in humans is poorly understood. Thus we do not know whether endogenous (produced by the body) or exogenous (taken as medication) BAs play a significant role in the maintenance of body weight. We hypothesize that, similarly to rodents, humans will respond to BAs by increasing energy expenditure via the production of the active form of thyroid hormone.

This randomized, cross-over study will look at changes in thyroid hormones and energy consumption in response to stimuli of endogenous BA secretion including dietary content, and to the intake of pharmacological doses of bile acids.

Following a two-day period of equilibration diet, 30 healthy volunteers will be randomly assigned to receive either a high-fat or high-carbohydrate isocaloric meal followed by a 6-hour metabolic chamber stay; the next day they will be crossed-over to the alternate intervention. During the following three days, the study subjects will again be randomized to receive either an intravenous injection of sincalide (the C-terminal octapeptide fragment of cholecystokinin) 0.04 mcg/kg or placebo and P.O. placebo, or I.V. placebo and 15 mg/kg of BA (ursodiol) with similar metabolic chamber stays and cross-over design.

The following parameters will be recorded and compared to placebo:

Energy expenditure

Substrate utilization

Spontaneous movements

Skin and core temperature

Serial changes in circulating thyroid hormones

Serial changes in bile acid serum concentrations

The data gathered from this study will provide greater insight into the physiological and molecular mechanism(s) regulating the relation between endogenous bile acid secretion and energy metabolism in response to meals, as well as the role of BAs per se on energy metabolism.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 39 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Primary Purpose: Other
Official Title: Thyroid Hormones Homeostasis and Energy Metabolism Changes During Stimulation of Endogenously Secreted Bile Acids (BAs)
Study Start Date : June 23, 2008
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 21, 2012
Actual Study Completion Date : August 21, 2012

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine





Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Characterize the role of BAs [ Time Frame: 07-01-2015 ]
  2. Characterize the metabolic and hormonal [ Time Frame: 07-01-2015 ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Role of genetic variants of the type-2 d [ Time Frame: 07-01-2015 ]
  2. Analyze the changes in glucose metabolis [ Time Frame: 07-01-2015 ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA:

Age greater than or equal to18 years, male or female

Written informed consent

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

Hypo- or hyperthyroidism (history or serum TSH greater than 5.0 or less than 0.4 miU/L)

Blood pressure greater than 140/90 mmHg (26) or receiving antihypertensive therapy

History of cardiovascular disease

BMI less than or equal to 20 or greater than or equal to 27 Kg/m(2)

Diabetes mellitus (fasting serum glucose greater than or equal to 126 mg/dL)

Hyperlipidemia (serum total cholesterol greater than or equal to 240 mg/dL, triglycerides greater than or equal to 220 mg/dL, and/or use of antilipemic therapy)

Liver disease or ALT serum concentrations greater than 1.5 times the upper laboratory reference limit

Hyperbilirubinemia (serum total bilirubin greater than 1.5 mg/dL)

Renal insufficiency or estimated creatinine clearance less than or equal to 50 mL/min (MDRD equation)

Anemia (Hemoglobin concentration less than or equal to 11.1 g/dL females, and 12.7 g/dL males)

History of cholecystectomy or cholelithiasis (by ultrasound at screening).

History of malabsorption, or food allergies/intolerances that would preclude participant from consuming foods required for study

Claustrophobia

History of illicit drug or alcohol abuse within the last 5 years; current use of illicit drugs (by history) or alcohol (CAGE greater than 3)

Psychiatric conditions or behavior that would be incompatible with safe and successful participation in this study

Current use of medications/dietary supplements/alternative therapies known to alter thyroid function, energy expenditure or bile acid secretion

History of weight loss or weight gain of greater than 3 percent body weight over the past 2 months (self-reported)

Pregnancy/breastfeeding/hormonal contraceptive use and childbirth within the last 6 months

Perimenopausal (as self-described within two years from onset of amenorrhea or current complaints of hot flashes)

Current smoker


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00706381


Locations
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United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Kong Y Chen, Ph.D. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)

Additional Information:
Publications:
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Responsible Party: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00706381     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 080165
08-DK-0165
First Posted: June 27, 2008    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 19, 2017
Last Verified: August 4, 2017

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) ):
Deiodinase
Bile Acids
Cholecystokinin
Thyroid Hormones
Energy Expenditure
Health Volunteer
HV

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Hormones
Bile Acids and Salts
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Gastrointestinal Agents