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A Motivational Enhancement Approach to Skin Cancer Prevention

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00705887
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 27, 2008
Last Update Posted : June 27, 2008
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
Oregon Health and Science University

Brief Summary:

The specific aims of this research are:

Aim 1 - To describe the UV protection behaviors and beliefs of young adult patients in a dermatology clinic.

Aim 2 - To examine whether or not the UV protection behaviors and beliefs of young adult dermatology patients are associated with age, gender, level of education, marital status, contact with skin cancer, time outdoors, skin type, the reason for their visit, and the date of data collection.

Aim 3 - To test the efficacy of a motivational enhancement approach to UV protection counseling for young adult dermatology patients, as manifested by favorable changes in UV protection stages of change, UV protection self-efficacy, and UV protection attitudes.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Ultraviolet Rays Motivation Behavioral: Brief Motivational Enhancement Intervention Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Although skin cancer is the most common form of cancer in the United States, it is highly preventable by reducing exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation. However, recent primary prevention efforts have been inadequate in evoking behavior change, as manifested by increasing rates of ultraviolet radiation exposure, particularly among young adults. These findings indicate the need to research novel approaches to skin cancer prevention.

Motivational enhancement techniques facilitate patient-centered, directive discussions wherein practitioners provide clear structure and encourage patients to play an active role in the consultation. The use of motivational enhancement techniques for health behavior change in medical settings has thus far yielded encouraging results for other health behavior change topics, but research has not yet investigated the application of these techniques to skin cancer prevention discussions.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 82 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Participant)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: The Feasibility of a Motivational Enhancement Approach to Skin Cancer Prevention in a Sample of Young Adult Patients
Study Start Date : September 2006
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 2007
Actual Study Completion Date : June 2007

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Skin Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
No Intervention: Control
Brochure from the American Academy of Dermatology on protecting your skin from UV rays.
Experimental: Intervention
Participation in a brief motivational enhancement session. These participants also received the same American Academy of Dermatology brochure on protecting your skin from UV rays.
Behavioral: Brief Motivational Enhancement Intervention
The motivational enhancement intervention lasted 5-8 minutes and consisted of gaining the client's permission to address the topic of skin cancer prevention, exchanging information through the elicit-provide-elicit strategy of information exchange, and summarization/ conclusion based on verbal and nonverbal cues from the participant.
Other Name: Adaptation of Motivational Interviewing




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. UV Protection Stages of Change [ Time Frame: 6 months ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. UV Protection Attitudes [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
  2. UV Protection Self-Efficacy [ Time Frame: 6 months ]


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 30 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Dermatology patient presenting for scheduled appointment
  • 18-30 years old

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Seeking treatment for sunburn
  • Unable to read and understand English
  • Having previously received medical treatment from the interventionist

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00705887


Locations
United States, Utah
Central Utah Clinic, Dermatology
Provo, Utah, United States, 84604
Sponsors and Collaborators
Oregon Health and Science University
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Christina P Linton, FNP-BC, PhD Oregon Health and Science University
Study Chair: Nancy Press, PhD Oregon Health and Science University

Responsible Party: Christina P. Linton, FNP-BC, PhD, Oregon Health & Science University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00705887     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: IRB00002996
First Posted: June 27, 2008    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 27, 2008
Last Verified: June 2008

Keywords provided by Oregon Health and Science University:
Ultraviolet Rays
Motivation
Health Education
Randomized Controlled Trial
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Skin Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Skin Diseases