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Serum Auto-Antibodies in Neurological Diseases (SAA)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00704626
Recruitment Status : Enrolling by invitation
First Posted : June 25, 2008
Last Update Posted : February 7, 2022
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of California, Davis

Brief Summary:

Under normal conditions our immune system protects us against infections and tumors. The immune system does this by recognizing that the infecting organism or the tumor is foreign to the body and attacking it. One way the immune system attacks a foreign target is by making proteins called antibodies that bind to the target. Sometimes, for reasons we poorly understand, the immune system wrongly identifies part of our own body as being foreign and attacks it. This can result in disease such as some forms of diabetes and thyroid disease, as well as some neurological diseases. In this study, one tablespoon of blood will be removed from each subject and tested to see if the immune system is making antibodies against components of the nerves and muscles. We also hope to learn if these antibodies contribute to the development or worsening of illnesses of the nervous system. Only one blood draw is required, but subjects may be asked to give up to 8 additional blood samples to see if the level of antibodies changes over time. Any additional blood draws would be performed at regularly scheduled clinic visits. There would be at least 3 months between blood draws over a period of up to 3 years, if requested by the physician.

Depending on your diagnosis, the physician may also request the collection of mouth (buccal) cells. This takes about one minute and is painless. The cells are collected by swishing a swab around your mouth. This cheek swab would be done with each blood draw.

Please note that this study is conducted ONLY at UC Davis and that all participants must be seen in our clinic located in Sacramento, CA. Results of the testing performed in this study are not given to the participants. This study is not intended to treat or diagnose any condition.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Multiple Sclerosis Myasthenia Gravis Transverse Myelitis Other: Blood Draw Other: Cheek swab

Detailed Description:

The purposes of the study are to determine the frequency of auto-antibodies to 1) heat shock proteins and 2) to other molecules including cytoskeletal proteins such as rapsyn in diseases of the nervous system.

5cc of serum will be obtained from patients with multiple sclerosis and other autoimmune and inflammatory diseases of the nervous system including myasthenia gravis and transverse myelitis and from patients with other neurological diseases. Standard methodology to assure safe handling of serum will be used. Diluted serum will be tested for specific reactivity with heat shock proteins (Sigma Chemical Co., St. Louis, MO) as well as with other antigens in a standard ELISA as well as immunoblot.

Buccal swab will also be obtained in conjunction with each blood draw. Rapsyn and other cytoskeletal proteins will be extracted from Torpedo californica electric organ by means of differential centrifugation followed by alkali extraction. For the ELISA, a standard titration curve will be obtained for a positive control serum as previously determined. Negative control sera will be obtained from individuals with other degenerative neurological diseases. Titers of test serum will be determined as the dilution that generates a positive result that is two standard deviations from the mean of the background. Positive ELISA results will be confirmed by immunoblot. Patients may be tested at one time point only. If the serum is positive for specific antibody binding, additional serum samples may be obtained and retested up to 8 more times approximately 3 months apart. Correlation with severity of clinical findings and specific antibody titer will be made. Severity of clinical findings will be determined by the neurological exam done by the investigator.

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Study Type : Observational
Estimated Enrollment : 120 participants
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: CCRC: Serum Auto-Antibodies in Neurological Disease
Study Start Date : January 2002
Estimated Primary Completion Date : March 2031
Estimated Study Completion Date : March 2031

Group/Cohort Intervention/treatment
Cohort 1
Subjects with multiple sclerosis and other autoimmune and inflammatory disease of the nervous system
Other: Blood Draw
A 5cc sample of serum will be drawn from each subject. Only one blood draw is required, but up to 8 additional blood draws can be obtained.

Other: Cheek swab
A swab will be swished around the inside of the mouth to collect mouth (buccal) cells. This will be done with each blood draw.
Other Name: Buccal swab

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. If the serum is positive for specific antibody binding, additional serum samples may be obtained and retested up to 8 more times approximately 3 months apart. [ Time Frame: 3 months ]

Biospecimen Retention:   Samples With DNA
5cc of serum will be obtained from patients with multiple sclerosis and other autoimmune and inflammatory diseases of the nervous system. Samples may be processed immediately or at a later time. Samples will be stored frozen in the freezer located in the Neuroscience building at Research Park in Davis, CA. Samples are identified with initials only.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Patients 18 years and older with multiple sclerosis, myasthenia gravis and other autoimmune or inflammatory neurological illnesses will be selected for participation in this study.

Inclusion Criteria:

  • 18 years or older
  • Diagnosis of multiple sclerosis, myasthenia gravis, or other autoimmune or inflammatory neurological disease

Exclusion Criteria:

  • inability to give informed consent

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00704626

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United States, California
University of California, Davis
Sacramento, California, United States, 95817
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of California, Davis
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Principal Investigator: David Richman, MD University of California, Davis
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: University of California, Davis Identifier: NCT00704626    
Other Study ID Numbers: 215828
First Posted: June 25, 2008    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 7, 2022
Last Verified: January 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Keywords provided by University of California, Davis:
Multiple Sclerosis
Autoimmune disease
Inflammatory disease
Myasthenia Gravis
Transverse Myelitis
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Myelitis, Transverse
Myasthenia Gravis
Multiple Sclerosis
Nervous System Diseases
Pathologic Processes
Demyelinating Autoimmune Diseases, CNS
Autoimmune Diseases of the Nervous System
Demyelinating Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Paraneoplastic Syndromes, Nervous System
Nervous System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Paraneoplastic Syndromes
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Neuromuscular Junction Diseases
Neuromuscular Diseases
Central Nervous System Infections
Central Nervous System Diseases
Spinal Cord Diseases