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Progression Delaying Effect of Escitalopram in Alzheimer's Disease (ESAD)

This study has been completed.
H. Lundbeck A/S
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Dong Young Lee, Seoul National University Hospital Identifier:
First received: June 15, 2008
Last updated: May 13, 2014
Last verified: May 2014
This study aimed to test whether escitalopram would slow the brain atrophy in patients with mild to moderate AD over the 52-week period.

Condition Intervention
Alzheimer's Disease
Drug: escitalopram
Drug: placebo

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Multi-center, Randomized, Placebo-controlled, Double-blind Clinical Trial of Escitalopram on the Progression Delaying Effect in Alzheimer's Disease

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Seoul National University Hospital:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • % Change of Hippocampus Volume [ Time Frame: 52 weeks ]
  • % Change of Whole Brain Volume [ Time Frame: 52 weeks ]

Enrollment: 74
Study Start Date: November 2008
Study Completion Date: September 2011
Primary Completion Date: September 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Escitalopram
Escitalopram 20mg tablet by mouth once a day
Drug: escitalopram
5 mg/day for 2 weeks, 10 mg/day for 2 weeks and 20 mg/day for 48 weeks (maintaining donepezil at the previous stable dose during the whole trial period)
Other Name: Lexapro
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Placebo 20mg tablet by mouth once a day
Drug: placebo
5mg/day for 2 weeks, 10mg/day for 2 weeks and 20mg/day for 48 weeks (maintaining donepezil at the previous stable dose during the whole trial period)

Detailed Description:
  • Study institutions: Four university hospitals in Korea
  • Design: Multi-center, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind clinical trial
  • Subjects: 74 probable Alzheimer's disease patients who have been taking donepezil at stable dose within 2 months (Escitalopram 37 : Placebo 37)

Ages Eligible for Study:   40 Years to 90 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age:40~90 years
  • Education:not illiterate
  • Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR):0.5~2
  • Modified Hachinski Ischemic Score (Rosen et al., 1979):less than 4
  • Dementia according to DSM-IV criteria
  • Probable Alzheimer's disease according to NINCDS-ADRDA criteria
  • Current ongoing donepezil medication at stable doses (5 ~ 10 mg/day) for at least 2 months

Exclusion criteria:

  • Evidence of delirium, confusion or altered consciousness
  • Evidence of Parkinson's disease, stroke, brain tumor and normal pressure hydrocephalus
  • Evidence of infectious or inflammatory brain disease
  • Evidence of serious cerebrovascular diseases
  • Current major depressive disorder or other major psychiatric illnesses
  • Evidence of serious or unstable medical illnesses which can significantly change cognitive state
  • History of alcohol or other substance dependence
  • Any antidepressant medications within the previous 4 weeks
  • Absence of a reliable and cooperative collateral informant
  • Any conditions which prohibit MRI scan, such as presence of pacemaker or cerebrovascular clip, and claustrophobia
  • Evidence of focal brain lesions on MRI including lacunes and white matter hyperintensity lesions of grade 2 or more by Fazeka scale
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00702780

Korea, Republic of
Kangwon National University Hospital
Chuncheon, Korea, Republic of
Seoul National University Bundang Hospital
Seongnam, Korea, Republic of
Seoul National University Hospital
Seoul, Korea, Republic of, 110-744
Konkuk University Hospital
Seoul, Korea, Republic of
Sponsors and Collaborators
Seoul National University Hospital
H. Lundbeck A/S
Principal Investigator: Dong Young Lee, MD, PhD Dept. of Neuropsychiatry, Seoul National University Hospital & Seoul National University College of Medicine
Principal Investigator: Jong Inn Woo, MD, PhD Dept. of Neuropsychiatry, Seoul National University Hospital & Seoul National University College of Medicine
  More Information

Responsible Party: Dong Young Lee, Professor, Seoul National University Hospital Identifier: NCT00702780     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: SNUDC001
Study First Received: June 15, 2008
Results First Received: April 10, 2014
Last Updated: May 13, 2014

Keywords provided by Seoul National University Hospital:
Alzheimer's disease

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Alzheimer Disease
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Neurocognitive Disorders
Mental Disorders
Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors
Neurotransmitter Uptake Inhibitors
Membrane Transport Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Neurotransmitter Agents
Serotonin Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antidepressive Agents, Second-Generation
Antidepressive Agents
Psychotropic Drugs
Antiparkinson Agents
Anti-Dyskinesia Agents
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Muscarinic Antagonists
Cholinergic Antagonists
Cholinergic Agents processed this record on March 29, 2017