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Induced Diuresis With Matched Hydration Compared to Standard Hydration for Contrast Induced Nephropathy (CIN) Prevention (MYTHOS)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00702728
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified June 2008 by Centro Cardiologico Monzino.
Recruitment status was:  Recruiting
First Posted : June 20, 2008
Last Update Posted : October 12, 2009
Information provided by:
Centro Cardiologico Monzino

Brief Summary:
This study is being proposed with the objective to assess the potential benefits of induced diuresis by furosemide with matched hydration therapy compared to standard hydration in the prevention of contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN). It is expected that matched hydration will prove to be as effective as hydration alone, will avoid an overnight stay prior to the procedure, and thus will prove to be a less costly and more clinically manageable solution to the prevention of CIN.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Contrast Induced Nephropathy Drug: Furosemide and matched saline hydration Drug: isotonic saline solution Phase 3

Detailed Description:

Radiocontrast agents (contrast) are widely used in coronary and peripheral vascular catheterization procedures. Although the use of these iodine-containing agents is vital for these procedures, it can be associated with adverse side effects. CIN is one of the most important adverse effects of contrast agents, and can cause substantial morbidity and mortality.

Although the exact mechanisms remain unknown, intravenous hydration before the catheterization procedure is the only current treatment that has been shown to reduce the incidence of CIN. However, in patients with baseline impairments in renal function, hydration is commonly performed at a rate significantly lower than that shown to provide protection due to the fear of overhydration and pulmonary edema. Previous studies have used diuretics to increase urine output and prevent overhydration. In addition to the benefit of increased urine flow, loop diuretics, such as furosemide, should be expected to provide additive benefit against another potential mechanism of CIN, medullary ischemia, as they reduce sodium reabsorption, and consequentially oxygen consumption, of the kidney. While the results of their use have been mixed, it appears that furosemide was deleterious in patients who became dehydrated, i.e. those in whom the urine output was substantially greater than the rate of hydration they received.

This problem may be overcome by a device, which is now available on the market, called the RenalGuard System. The System is capable of delivering saline solution to a patient in an amount matched to the volume of urine produced by the patient. The purpose of this matched fluid replacement is to prevent hypovolemia that may lead to hypotension or fluid overload.The aim of the study is to compare furosemide-induced diuresis with matched hydration therapy compared to standard hydration.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 120 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Study to Evaluate the Effectiveness of Induced Diuresis With Matched Hydration Therapy Compared to Standard Overnight Hydration in the Prevention of Contrast Induced Nephropathy -MYTHOS Study
Study Start Date : June 2008
Estimated Primary Completion Date : June 2009
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2009

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Kidney Diseases

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: 1
Furosemide and matched saline hydration by RenalGuard system
Drug: Furosemide and matched saline hydration
Subjects will begin treatment approximately 90 minutes prior to the start of catheterization procedure. After a pre-hydration bolus of 250 ml of normal saline solution over 30 minutes the patient will receive 0.5 mg/kg of furosemide intravenously. Then, a replacement solution (saline) is given in an amount matched (ml for ml) to the volume of urine produced. Matched hydration will occur prior, during, and 4 hours post procedure.

Active Comparator: 2
Standard IV saline infusion
Drug: isotonic saline solution
Subjects will receive 1 ml/Kg/hr of intravenous saline solution for a minimum of 12 hours prior to catheterization. Hydration will continue to occur during the catheterization, and for a minimum of 12 hours post catheterization.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of CIN [ Time Frame: 48-72 hours ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Blood chemistry, major adverse clinical events, safety [ Time Frame: Hospitalizatiojn period ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Male or non-pregnant female equal or greater than the age of 18 years old.
  2. Scheduled to undergo a non-emergent catheterization procedure with anticipated to use ≥80 ml contrast media. Additional other procedure (e.g., left ventriculography, imaging of grafts, stenting, etc.) are allowable other than those listed below as exclusion criteria #1.
  3. Subject is clinically stable for >24hrs defined as Killip Class 1
  4. Baseline Renal Function eGFR < 60ml/min, by MDRD (Modification of Diet in Renal Disease) calculator.
  5. Patient has agreed to all follow-up testing.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Catheterization procedure requiring a direct renal injection of contrast or an injection into the descending aorta proximal to the renal arteries.
  2. Requires emergent catheterization or primary percutaneous intervention.
  3. Subject is anuric, has been hospitalized for any change in renal function or has undergone renal replacement therapy (hemodialysis or hemofiltration) within the past month.
  4. Known inability to place a Foley catheter
  5. Currently has a known electrolyte imbalance or clinically significant arrhythmias which compromise subject's hemodynamic state.
  6. Has received intravenous contrast within 10 days of procedure or has a planned procedure using contrast within 72 hours following the procedure.
  7. Has documented respiratory insufficiency as evidenced by an oxygen saturation of < 90% on room air assessed on day of procedure.
  8. Currently receiving or expected to receive Mannitol or Lithium therapy
  9. Planned addition, discontinuation or dose adjustment of the trimethoprim, cimetidine, metaclopramide and/or the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs within 48 hours of the procedure.
  10. Subject has a known hypersensitivity to furosemide.
  11. Subject is currently, plans, or has been enrolled in another clinical study involving use of an investigational drug or device within the prior 30 days.
  12. If female, subject is pregnant or breastfeeding.
  13. Subject is unable to provide informed consent.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00702728

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Contact: Antonio L Bartorelli, MD 39-02-58002 ext 331
Contact: Giancarlo Marenzi, MD 39-02-58002 ext 582

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Centro Cardiologico Monzino- University of Milan Recruiting
Milan, Italy, 20138
Contact: Antonio L Bartorelli, MD    39-02-58002 ext 331   
Contact: Giancarlo Marenzi, MD    39-02-58002 ext 582   
Sub-Investigator: Cristina Ferrari, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Centro Cardiologico Monzino
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Principal Investigator: Antonio L Bartorelli, MD University of Milan
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Antonio Bartorelli, M.D., Centro Cardiologico Monzino- University of Milan Identifier: NCT00702728    
Other Study ID Numbers: R100-CCFM S103/208
EUDRACT No: 2008-001200-23
First Posted: June 20, 2008    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 12, 2009
Last Verified: June 2008
Keywords provided by Centro Cardiologico Monzino:
Contrast induced nephropathy
Percutaneous coronary interventions
Saline hydration
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Kidney Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Natriuretic Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Sodium Potassium Chloride Symporter Inhibitors
Membrane Transport Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action