Study of Nimotuzumab and Cisplatin/Radiotherapy for Locally Advanced Head and Neck Squamous Cell Cancer
Head and Neck Cancer
|Study Design:||Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Phase II Study of Nimotuzumab (TheraCim-hR3) Concurrent With Cisplatin/Radiotherapy in Patients With Locally Advanced Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma (HNSCC)|
- To determine the response rate of locally advanced HNSCC to treatment with Nimotuzumab and concurrent Cisplatin (CDDP) and Radiotherapy (RT). [ Time Frame: 16 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- To assess the toxicities associated with this regimen [ Time Frame: 16 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||April 2008|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||December 2016|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||April 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Open label treatment arm of Nimotuzumab and cisplatin and radiation
Patients will receive nimotuzumab 200 mg weekly for 8 weeks. Nimotuzumab will be started together with concurrent chemoradiation, and continued 1 week after the completion of chemoradiation.
Other Name: TheraCim-Rh3Drug: Cisplatin
Concurrent chemotherapy with cisplatin 100 mg/m2 will be given on week 1, 4, and 7 of radiotherapy.Radiation: Radiation
Concurrent radiotherapy will be given to the primary tumor and upper neck at 2 Gy per fraction, once a day, five days a week to a total of 70 Gy in 35 fractions in seven weeks.
Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) is overexpressed in Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma (HNSCC). EGFR pathway activation is associated with tumor growth, decreased apoptosis, and increased angiogenesis. These present a putative target for the use of EGFR inhibitors either in the form of small molecule inhibitors or monoclonal antibodies. Several studies have been advanced that suggest application of these targeted therapies show promising responses with little additional toxicity. The addition of EGFR monoclonal antibodies to radiation results in better response rates and locoregional control compared to radiation alone. Addition of EGFR monoclonal antibodies compared to chemotherapy alone also improves the response rates in patients with advanced HNSCC.
Nimotuzumab is a humanized chimeric monoclonal antibody specific to the extracellular domain of EGFR. Several studies are ongoing and demonstrate promising efficacy of Nimotuzumab as monotherapy and in combination with radiation in HNSCC, and in combination with chemoradiation in Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma. This phase II clinical trial examines the feasibility of EGFR inhibition using Nimotuzumab in combination with concurrent chemoradiotherapy in locally advanced unresectable HNSCC. Successful and safe incorporation of an EGFR monoclonal antibody into the concurrent chemoradiation paradigm used to treat locally advanced HNSCC will represent an important advance in the optimisation of treatment for this group of patients.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00702481
|National Cancer Center Singapore|
|Singapore, Singapore, 169610|
|Principal Investigator:||Wan-Teck Lim, MD||National Cancer Center Singapore|