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Effect of Music Therapy on Patients Undergoing Intravitreal Injections

The recruitment status of this study is unknown. The completion date has passed and the status has not been verified in more than two years.
Verified June 2008 by Yale University.
Recruitment status was:  Recruiting
Information provided by:
Yale University Identifier:
First received: April 1, 2008
Last updated: June 16, 2008
Last verified: June 2008

Multiple studies in various specialties, including ophthalmology, are reported in the literature that show that playing music during a procedure (dubbed music therapy) increases patient satisfaction and may reduce patient anxiety and stress levels.

There is no study in the literature that assesses the effects of listening to music in patients undergoing intravitreal injections. This study aims to assess whether listening to music improves patient satisfaction or reduces their anxiety levels in subjects undergoing intravitreal injections.

Condition Intervention
Intravitreal Injections Patient Satisfaction Patient Anxiety Other: No Music Other: Music Therapy

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Case Control
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Effect of Music Therapy on Patients Undergoing Intravitreal Injections

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Yale University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • This study aims to assess what affects music therapy has on patients receiving intravitreal injections. The subject will take a Satisfaction Survey after the procedure and an Anxiety Survey before and after the injection. [ Time Frame: Before and after the subject's intravitreal injection. ]

Estimated Enrollment: 50
Study Start Date: February 2007
Estimated Study Completion Date: February 2009
Estimated Primary Completion Date: February 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Groups/Cohorts Assigned Interventions
Those patients receiving intravitreal injections who will be listening to classical music during injection.
Other: Music Therapy
Classical music being played during intravitreal injection.
Those patients receiving intravitreal injections who will not be listening to any music during injection.
Other: No Music
No music will be played in patients in arm 2 of the study.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Patients receiving intravitreal injections seen at the Yale Eye Center.

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Those patients at least 18 years old already scheduled for intravitreal injections.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Those patients not interested in participating in the study or not capable of filling out the questionnaire secondary to limited mental capability.
  • Non- English speaking subjects will be excluded from the study.
  • Those patients that participated in the study will not be allowed to participate a second time.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00702039

Contact: Rajeev Seth, MD 203-785-2020

United States, Connecticut
Yale Eye Center Recruiting
New Haven, Connecticut, United States, 06510
Contact: Rajeev Seth, MD    203-785-2020      
Sponsors and Collaborators
Yale University
Principal Investigator: Ron Adelman, MD Yale University Department of Ophthalmology
  More Information

Responsible Party: Ron A. Adelman, MD, MPH, Associate Professor, Yale University School of Medicine Identifier: NCT00702039     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: HIC# 0702002303
Study First Received: April 1, 2008
Last Updated: June 16, 2008 processed this record on August 23, 2017