Ezetimibe Reverse Cholesterol Transport (RCT) Pilot Study

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00701727
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 19, 2008
Results First Posted : April 18, 2011
Last Update Posted : April 18, 2011
Information provided by:
Radiant Research

Brief Summary:
This is a prospective, placebo-controlled, cross-over trial comparing the the effects of approximately 7 weeks of placebo treatment to 7 weeks of ezetimibe (10mg/day) treatment on several parameters of reverse cholesterol transport (RCT) in men and post-menopausal women diagnosed with hypercholesterolemia. The primary hypothesis is that the ezetimibe treatment will increase the excretion of endogenous (plasma-derived) cholesterol as fecal sterols, with secondary hypotheses that there will be a significant increase in de novo cholesterol synthesis, treatment will increase cholesterol efflux from tissues into the bloodstream, and increase global RCT.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Hypercholesterolemia Drug: ezetimibe Drug: Placebo Phase 4

Detailed Description:
The study will compare the effects of approximately 7 weeks of placebo treatment to 7 weeks of ezetimibe (10mg/day) on: 1) the efficiency of endogenous (plasma-derived) cholesterol excretion (%/day) 2) de novo cholesterol (DNC) synthesis ((%/day) 3) cholesterol efflux from tissues into blood (Ra), and 4) global RCT (efflux from tissues that is excreted as fecal sterols). Subjects will receive 7 weeks of either treatment or placebo, undergo RCT and DNC measurements, taking 10 days, then cross-over to the alternate placebo or treatment for an additional 7 weeks, followed by a second set of RCT and DNC measurements.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 31 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Ezetimibe Reverse Cholesterol Transport (RCT) Pilot Study
Study Start Date : June 2008
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 2009
Actual Study Completion Date : March 2009

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Ezetimibe

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: 1
ezetimibe (10mg/day)for 7 weeks
Drug: ezetimibe
1 tablet,10mg, once a day, for 7 weeks

Placebo Comparator: 2
Placebo control
Drug: Placebo
1 tablet, once a day, for 7 weeks

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Fecal Excretion of Plasma-derived Cholesterol [ Time Frame: 7 weeks ]

    (Fecal excretion of plasma-derived cholesterol):The following measurements will be made following isotope infusion:

    1. The composition of fecal neutral and acidic sterols will be measured as % of total.
    2. The excretion rate of fecal neutral and acidic sterols will be measured as mg/day.
    3. The isotopic enrichment of both fecal neutral and acidic sterols will be measured as atomic percent excess (% APE).
    4. Fecal isotope excretion, or recovery, of plasma-derived cholesterol will be calculated as %/day.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change From Baseline in Total Cholesterol, From Fasting Plasma Samples [ Time Frame: 7 weeks ]
    plasma levels of total cholesterol

  2. de Novo Cholesterol Synthesis (DNC) [ Time Frame: 7 weeks ]
    Plasma DNC will be measured following the isotope infusion of deuterated water, expressed as %.

  3. Cholesterol Efflux Rate (Ra Cholesterol) [ Time Frame: 7 weeks ]
    The efflux, or mobilization, rate of cholesterol from peripheral tissues into the plasma will be measured as mg/kg/hr. An IV infusion of [13C2] cholesterol mixed in 10% Intralipid® and 10 % ethanol is given piggy-backed into normal saline over 20 hours (4pm - 12 noon). This is used to determine rate of appearance (Ra) cholesterol, which will be measured by dilution of infused [13C2] cholesterol during the plateau phase of plasma enrichment (approximately the last 4 hours of the infusion), as well as to provide the plasma cholesterol that will be traced into biliary sterols.

  4. Triglycerides (TG) [ Time Frame: 7 weeks ]
    Change from baseline in plasma triglycerides, measured in fasting blood samples

  5. Low-density Lipoprotein (LDL); [ Time Frame: 7 weeks ]
    Change from baseline in plasma low-density lipoprotein(LDL), measured in fasting blood samples

  6. High-density Lipoprotein (HDL) [ Time Frame: 7 weeks ]
    Change from baseline in plasma HDL, measured in fasting blood samples

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   21 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • male, non-smoker, 21-75 years of age
  • female, non-smoker, 40-75 years of age
  • post-menopausal women, as defined by lack of menses for at least 2 years and age >55, OR history of documented bilateral oophorectomy, confirmed with an elevated FSH at screening
  • low-density lipoprotein (LDL) concentration between 130-200 mg/dL.
  • triglyceride (TG) concentration <350 mg/dL, inclusive
  • high-density lipoprotein (HDL) between 30-60 mg/dL for men and 40 -70 mg/dL for women
  • ability to give informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subject has history of diabetes mellitus, active hepatitis, gall bladder disease, gastric or ileal bypass surgery, irritable bowel syndrome, and gastrointestinal disorder/condition associated with malabsorption, or clinically significant abnormalities on screening (prestudy) physical examination of laboratory tests.
  • Screening laboratory tests with hematocrit <30%, aspartate aminotransferase/alanine aminotransferase (AST/ALT) >2*upper limit of normal, abnormal thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), fasting glucose >=126mg/dL
  • renal impairment with creatinine clearance (CRCl)<80ml/min
  • treatment within the last 2 months with drugs known to alter lipid metabolism including beta blockers, thiazide diuretics, bile acid resins, statins, ezetimibe, niacin, fibrates, plant stanol esters (eg Benecol,phyto sterols) and fishoils
  • history of known coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke or prior revascularization procedure or peripheral vascular disease
  • history of allergy to egg or soy products
  • current or recent (past 12 months) of drug abuse or alcohol abuse. Alcohol use must be limited to no more than 2 drinks/day (1 drink=12 oz beer, 5 oz wine, or 1.5 oz hard liquor). Subject must be willing to avoid large day-to-day fluctuations in alcohol intake.
  • participation in another clinical trial or exposure to any investigational agent within 30 days prior to Visit 1
  • Individual has a condition the Principal Investigator believes would interfere with his/her ability to provide informed consent, comply with study instructions, or which might confound the interpretation of the study results, or put the subject at undue risk

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00701727

United States, Illinois
Radiant Research
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60610
Sponsors and Collaborators
Radiant Research
Principal Investigator: Michael H Davidson, Md. FACC Radiant Research

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Michael H. Davidson, MD, FACC, Radiant Research Identifier: NCT00701727     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Ezetimibe RCT-001
First Posted: June 19, 2008    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: April 18, 2011
Last Update Posted: April 18, 2011
Last Verified: March 2011

Keywords provided by Radiant Research:
metabolic diseases
metabolic disorder
lipid metabolism disorders

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lipid Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Anticholesteremic Agents
Hypolipidemic Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Lipid Regulating Agents