Autologous Stem Cell Transplantation for Crohn's Disease
|Crohn's Disease||Biological: autologous CD34-selected peripheral blood stem cells transplant||Phase 1 Phase 2|
|Study Design:||Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Autologous Stem Cell Transplantation With CD34 Selected Peripheral Blood Stem Cells (PBSC) in Pediatric and Young Adult Patients With Severe Crohn's Disease|
- To evaluate the safety of administering high-dose immunotherapy followed by infusion of autologous CD34-selected peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) in pediatric and young adult patients with severe Crohn's disease. [ Time Frame: 100 days ]
- To describe the pace of neutrophil and platelet recovery after the administration using ablative therapy and infusion of autologous CD34-selected PBSCs. [ Time Frame: 100 days ]
- To evaluate the pace of reconstitution of immunity. [ Time Frame: 100 days ]
- To evaluate long-term complications, such as sterility, endocrinopathy, and growth failure [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
- To describe the immune function/profile of these patients pre-transplant and attempt to delineate patterns of immune dysfunction in patients with active advanced CD. [ Time Frame: yearly ]
- To describe the effects of this therapy on the clinical manifestations of CD. [ Time Frame: yearly ]
|Study Start Date:||October 2011|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||December 2017|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||December 2017 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
High-dose immunotherapy followed by infusion of autologous CD34-selected peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC)
Biological: autologous CD34-selected peripheral blood stem cells transplant
high-dose immunotherapy followed by infusion of autologous CD34-selected peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC)
Crohn's disease is considered to be an immune-mediated disease of the intestinal tract, typically treated using immune modulating or immune suppressive therapies. These treatments include local anti-inflammatory agents such as 5 aminosalicylic acid products, broad immune suppression using corticosteroids, azathioprine, or methotrexate; cytokine suppression such as antibody against TNFα; IL-12 and antibiotics such as ciprofloxacin and metronidazole that work by decreasing the putative antigen exposure to the intestine. There is little in the literature available on mortality data related to Crohn's Disease, but one series by Farmer et al showed 6% mortality attributable to Crohn's disease. The mortality rate for selective patients with refractory and severe disease is probably higher.
This protocol is based on the premise that the sustained inflammation of the GI tract that is characteristic of Crohn's disease is the result of defective mucosal T cell tolerance. The mucosal tolerance is normally maintained by CD4 + T cells characterized as T helper 3 (Th3) and T regulatory 1 (TR1) T cell clones producing TGFβ and IL-10 respectively. There has been much speculation on a possible infectious etiology of IBD implicating primarily mycobacterial organisms, though despite extensive research no pathogenic organisms have definitively been identified. In genetic cytokine knockout animal models of IBD, the typical nonpathogenic enteric flora is sufficient to induce a chronic inflammatory reaction. Autoreactive T cells appear to have broken through the mucosal tolerance with characteristic T helper 1 cytokine profile secreting IL-1 and IFNγ.
In theory the most efficient approach to eradicate autoimmune T cell clones is through replacement of the defective immune system with hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) from a healthy allogeneic donor. However, the risks of morbidity and mortality associated with allogeneic HSC transplantation currently do not appear to be justified even in treatment of refractory cases of Crohn's disease. An alternative approach is to use autologous HSC from which potential autoreactive T-cells have been eliminated, based on the hypothesis that from the T-cell depleted autologous graft reconstitution of normal immunity will occur without regeneration of autoimmune clones. Pilot trials in Crohn's and other autoimmune diseases have confirmed the validity of this hypothesis. T-cells in the CD34 selected PBSC product are significantly depleted. If active disease recurs despite intensive immunoablation, it is likely that either CD34 selection did not adequately remove cells responsible for the autoreactive state, or that the emerging genetically predisposed immune system was re-exposed to autoantigens.
Unlike allogeneic transplants, the autologous transplant approach has greatly reduced morbidity and mortality due to the absence of graft rejection and graft versus host disease reactions. Currently, autologous HSCT demonstrate that transplant-related mortality is around 5% when transplanted for acute leukemia.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00692939
|Contact: Paul Szabolcs, M.D.||412-692-6225||Paul.Szabolcs@chp.edu|
|Contact: Jason Rowan, RNemail@example.com|
|United States, Pennsylvania|
|Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC||Recruiting|
|Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15224|
|Contact: Jason Rowan, RN 412-692-6195 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Principal Investigator: Paul Szabolcs, MD|
|Principal Investigator:||Paul Szabolcs, MD||Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC|