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Negative Pressure Wound Therapy for the Treatment of Chronic Pressure Wounds (NPWT)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00691821
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Patients not meeting inclusion criteria, therefore recruitment rate low, terminated due to the lack of feasibility to complete the study in a timely manner.)
First Posted : June 5, 2008
Last Update Posted : July 26, 2011
Information provided by:

Study Description
Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to assess the difference in the percent reduction in wound surface area, without surgery, of chronic pressure ulcers of the pelvic region for Negative Pressure Wound Therapy (NPWT) compared to the standard dressing. This study is designed to provide evidence regarding NPWT as compared to standard dressing regimens and compare the efficacy, safety, effectiveness and cost-effectiveness.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Skin Ulcer Pressure Ulcer Other: Standard Dressings Device: Negative Pressure Wound Therapy (Vacuum-Assisted Closure System [V.A.C.® Therapy™, KCI Medical Canada Inc., Mississauga, Ontario]) Phase 4

Detailed Description:

The Ontario Health Technology Advisory Committee recommended that a study should be completed due to the large numbers of patients needing chronic wound care and the increasing use of NPWT based on poor quality evidence to identify any potential indications for the use of NPWT. This study is designed to provide evidence regarding NPWT as compared to standard dressing regimens in Ontario and the results will serve as a benchmark for the utilization of NPWT in chronic pressure wounds, establishing and providing guidance regarding the use of NPWT in this population of subjects and to support policy decision making regarding the funding of the NPWT in the province. Specifically, this will compare the efficacy, effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of NPWT with standard dressing regimens for the treatment of chronic pressure ulcers of the pelvic region.

This is a prospective, randomized, open-label, controlled clinical trial comparing standardized wound dressing (control arm) to NPWT (experimental arm) for the treatment of chronic pressure wounds of the pelvic region. NPWT will be performed using the Vacuum-Assisted Closure System (V.A.C.® Therapy™, KCI Medical Canada Inc., Mississauga, Ontario). NPWT will be compared to the present recommended state of the art wound dressings in subjects who would be candidates for either type of wound therapy. Both arms will receive standard wound care (e.g., debridement, preventative care, infection control, etc.). The efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and quality of life will be evaluated for standardized wound dressing versus NPWT. Complications associated with either form of wound care will be documented. An economic evaluation will be conducted in order to assess the cost-effectiveness and cost-utility of NPWT compared to standard wound dressing. It is anticipated that 184 subjects will be enrolled and randomized over a 1.5 year period. All subjects providing consent and meeting inclusion/exclusion criteria will be randomized to either treatment arm and followed for 12 weeks. Patients who have wound closure within the 12-week study period will continue to have wound care visits as scheduled. All subjects will have Wound Evaluation Visits and Wound Dressing Change Visits. Wound Evaluation Visits will occur at baseline, 2, 4, 6, 8 and 12 weeks after the date of randomization, where following removal of the dressing, a detailed wound assessment (e.g., wound characteristics, measurements) will be done and healthcare resource utilization will be collected. Disease specific quality of life measures and preference based quality of life measures (EQ-5D) will be collected at baseline, 6 weeks and at 12 weeks. Dressing Change Visits will occur as clinically required and the frequency of dressing changes per week will be allowed to vary over the 12 weeks of the study. During the dressing change visits, subjects will be monitored for wound infection and other complications. Subjects may be enrolled and randomized in the clinic and transferred to the community with continued follow-up completed by the appropriate Community Care Access Centre.

Study Design

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 184 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A 12-week, Prospective, Open-label, Randomized, Controlled Clinical Trial Comparing Negative Pressure Wound Therapy (NPWT) to Standard Wound Care for the Treatment of Chronic Pressure Wounds of the Pelvic Region
Study Start Date : April 2009
Primary Completion Date : May 2010
Study Completion Date : May 2010

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

U.S. FDA Resources

Arms and Interventions

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: 1
Standard Dressings
Other: Standard Dressings
Participants will receive standard dressings changes as needed. Different dressing types (e.g., silver, simple gauze, hydrogel, foam, creams, gels) will be used dependent on the type of the wound (e.g., dry, wet, and intermediate).
Experimental: 2
Negative Pressure Wound Therapy
Device: Negative Pressure Wound Therapy (Vacuum-Assisted Closure System [V.A.C.® Therapy™, KCI Medical Canada Inc., Mississauga, Ontario])
Participants will receive negative pressure wound therapy.
Other Name: V.A.C. Therapy

Outcome Measures

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. The primary outcome is the percent reduction in wound surface area, without surgery, at 12 weeks compared to wound measurements at treatment initiation following randomization. [ Time Frame: 12 Weeks ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Wound healing, effectiveness, safety, healthcare resource utilization, costing, quality of life, cost effectiveness analysis [ Time Frame: 12 Weeks ]

Eligibility Criteria

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Age > 18 years
  2. All chronic pressure wounds of the pelvic region except trochanteric wounds.
  3. Chronic pressure wound defined as the presence of a pressure wound for > 6 weeks and < 6 months with no sign of improvement in healing
  4. Wound size surface area > 2cm2
  5. Stage III-IV pressure ulcer according to the National Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel (NPUAP)
  6. No clinical signs of active infection at the wound site and currently not on antibiotics
  7. Willingness to off-load or pressure redistribute ulcer

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Candidate for surgery in the next 12 weeks
  2. A wound with necrotic tissue unable to tolerate debridement
  3. Exposed blood vessels and/or organs within the wound
  4. Chronic osteomyelitis (as determined by biopsy) or osteomyelitis that is not treatable by debridement and antibiotics
  5. Non-enteric or unexplored fistulae
  6. Wounds requiring hemostasis (i.e., that the flow of blood be stopped) for local bleeding
  7. Alternate etiology for non-healing
  8. Concomitant conditions that in the judgment of the investigator would make the subject inappropriate for entry to the study (e.g., malignancy in wound, malignancy less than 1-year disease free interval, previous or current irradiation, known immunodeficiency and/or major uncorrected medical disorders such as serious non-malignant disease, serious cardiovascular or pulmonary disease, lupus, inflammatory bowel disease, palliative care or sickle cell disease)
  9. Poor nutritional status as determined by a Braden Scale Nutritional Assessment score of 2 or 1 with a serum albumin < 25 g/L and hemoglobin < 90 g/L
  10. Currently taking medication that may interfere with wound healing (e.g., oral systemic steroids, immunosuppressive drugs, unfractionated heparin infusion)
  11. Women who are currently pregnant or are breast feeding; or women of child bearing potential who are not currently taking adequate birth control
  12. Participation in another investigative drug or device trial currently or within the last 30 days
Contacts and Locations

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00691821

Canada, Ontario
Niagara Branch - Hamilton Niagara Haldimand Brant Community Care Access Centre
St. Catherines, Ontario, Canada, L2P 1N6
St. Michael's Hospital
Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5B 1W8
Women's College Hospital
Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5S 1B2
Toronto Central Community Care Access Centre
Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5T 2Z5
Sponsors and Collaborators
St. Joseph's Healthcare Hamilton
Ontario Ministry of Health and Long Term Care
St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto
Women's College Hospital
Hamilton-Niagara-Haldimand-Brant Community Care Access Centre
Toronto Central Community Care Access Centre
Study Chair: Ron Goeree, MA Programs for Assessment of Technology in Health Research Institute
Principal Investigator: James Mahoney, MD St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto
Principal Investigator: Gary Sibbald, MD Women's College
Principal Investigator: Maureen Kitson Niagara Region Community Care Access Centre
Principal Investigator: Joanne Greco, BScN Toronto Central Community Care Access Centre
More Information

Responsible Party: Ron Goeree, MA Director of PATH Research Institute, St. Joseph's Healthcare Hamilton, Associate Professor, Department CE&B, McMaster University, Programs for Assessment of Technology in Health (PATH) Research Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00691821     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: HTA012-0801-01
First Posted: June 5, 2008    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 26, 2011
Last Verified: July 2011

Keywords provided by St. Joseph's Healthcare Hamilton:
Negative-Pressure Wound Therapy
Community Health Services

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Pressure Ulcer
Skin Ulcer
Pathologic Processes
Skin Diseases