Comment Period Extended to 3/23/2015 for Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) for FDAAA 801 and NIH Draft Reporting Policy for NIH-Funded Trials

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) for Nightmares in Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom (OEF/OIF) Veterans

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Department of Veterans Affairs Identifier:
First received: June 2, 2008
Last updated: September 29, 2014
Last verified: September 2014

The purpose of this study is to compare the effectiveness of two talk therapies for OEF/OIF veterans at the Philadelphia and the West Haven VA Medical Centers. Participants will randomly receive one of two individual treatments intended to improve the sleep disturbance and nightmares of returning veterans.

Condition Intervention
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
Sleep Disorders
Behavioral: CBT for Insomnia plus Imagery Rehearsal
Behavioral: CBT for Insomnia plus psychoeducation

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: CBT for Nightmares in OEF/OIF Veterans

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Department of Veterans Affairs:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Nightmare Frequency Questionnaire, Nightmare Distress Questionnaire [ Time Frame: post-treatment, 3 month and 6-month follow-up ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index [ Time Frame: post-treatment, 3 month and 6-month follow-up ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 108
Study Start Date: April 2009
Estimated Study Completion Date: June 2015
Estimated Primary Completion Date: January 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Arm 1
CBT for Insomnia plus Imagery Rehearsal
Behavioral: CBT for Insomnia plus Imagery Rehearsal
patients receive standard CBT for insomnia and psychoeducation combined with techniques of imagery rehearsal aimed at reducing posttraumatic nightmare frequency and distress
Active Comparator: Arm 2
CBT for Insomnia
Behavioral: CBT for Insomnia plus psychoeducation
patients receive standard CBT for insomnia combined with psychoeducation
Other Name: Sleep and Nightmare Management


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 60 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Currently enrolled in treatment in the Philadelphia VA Medical Center or VA Connecticut Healthcare System Mental Health Clinic
  • Meets DSM-IV-R criteria for current PTSD (within the past month)
  • Repetitive, military-related nightmares (at least 1 every 2 weeks, for at least 6 months)
  • A global sleep disturbance, as indicated by a score of five or greater on the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index
  • Ability to read and speak English
  • A concurrent anxiety disorder or depressive disorder diagnosis will be allowed
  • Dementia related to head injury and amnestic disorder related to head injury will be allowed

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Current substance dependence
  • Bipolar disorder
  • Delirium
  • Dementia that is not related to head injury
  • Amnestic disorder that is not related to head injury
  • Schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders
  • Severe traumatic brain injury, as indicated by self-report (loss of consciousness or alteration of mental status greater than 24 hours, or peri-traumatic memory loss, or any posttraumatic amnesia greater than 7 days)
  • The presence of diagnosed sleep disorders other than insomnia: narcolepsy, circadian rhythm sleep disorders, and periodic limb movement disorder. Participants in treatment for sleep apnea, or who have not benefited from or declined available treatment may be included.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00691626

United States, Pennsylvania
VA Medical Center, Philadelphia
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19104
Sponsors and Collaborators
Principal Investigator: Richard J. Ross, MD PhD Philadelphia VA Medical Center
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Department of Veterans Affairs Identifier: NCT00691626     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: PT074364
Study First Received: June 2, 2008
Last Updated: September 29, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by Department of Veterans Affairs:
posttraumatic stress
imagery rehearsal
behavioral treatment
Operation Iraqi Freedom
Operation Enduring Freedom

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic
Anxiety Disorders
Mental Disorders
Stress Disorders, Traumatic processed this record on March 03, 2015