Specialized Substance Abuse Supervision (SSAS) Versus Non-SSAS Recidivism Rates Among Nebraska Felony Drug Offenders (SSAS)
|Substance-related Disorders Alcohol-related Disorders||Behavioral: Specialized Substance Abuse Supervision (SSAS)|
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Case Control
Time Perspective: Retrospective
|Official Title:||Comparing Recidivism Rates of Felony Drug Offenders in Nebraska Who Were Sentenced to, and/or Participated in, Specialized Substance Abuse Supervision (SSAS) to Those Without SSAS|
- Recidivism [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
- Recidivism [ Time Frame: 6 months ]The primary outcome measure was the proportion of individuals who re-offend during the six months following sentencing. Secondary outcomes measures included the percentages who violated probation during the six months following sentencing, were incarcerated for those violations, had positive drug screens and were employed at six months.
|Study Start Date:||March 2008|
|Study Completion Date:||August 2008|
|Primary Completion Date:||July 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Behavioral: Specialized Substance Abuse Supervision (SSAS)
- motivational interviewing
- positive reinforcement
- use of incentives
Since March 2006, Specialized Substance Abuse Supervision (SSAS) has been available at five sites in Nebraska as an enhancement of probation and parole for felony drug offenders whose scores on initial screening instruments warrant such placement. SSAS enhancements to traditional probation and parole include cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) in groups; use of incentives; positive reinforcement; and motivational interviewing.
Records of probationers and parolees who participated in SSAS starting anytime between March 1, 2006 and February 28, 2007 were studied to assess recidivism rates. Recidivism for this study is defined as "an arrest and conviction on a new charge while on probation or parole."
The records of a matched control group of non-SSAS probationers and parolees who entered probation or parole during the same time period with similar drug felony offenses and similar screening scores were also studied. Control group was also matched, as much as possible, with similar age group, demographic data, rural/urban residence, and level of felony offense.
Investigators performed a statistical analysis to determine recidivism rates at six months post-entrance to SSAS (and for the control group, at six months post-entrance to probation or parole).
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00690352
|United States, Nebraska|
|University of Nebraska Medical Center|
|Omaha, Nebraska, United States, 68182|
|Principal Investigator:||Kathleen M Grant, MD||University of Nebraska|