Long Term Outcomes After EUS-guided Ablation for Cystic Tumors of the Pancreas (EUS-EP)
Cystic lesions of the pancreas are defined as round, fluid-filled structures within the pancreas detected by radiologic imaging. With widespread use of cross-sectional imaging modalities for various indications, such lesions are now detected in nearly 20% of abdominal imagings, with the majority discovered incidentally. These lesions encompass a wide spectrum of histopathologic entities and biologic behavior, ranging from benign to malignant. Substantial morphologic overlap restricts the accuracy in diagnosing specific type of cystic lesion in spite of recent advances in diagnostic modalities. It is a challenging issue to differentiate each cystic lesion and make a management plan since cystic lesions that are relatively common and asymptomatic may possess malignant potential. Although inflammatory pseudocysts were thought to account for 80-90% of cystic lesions of the pancreas, with cystic tumors accounting for the remaining,10 the latter may occur much more frequently than traditionally estimated.
To date, surgical resection is generally recommended for malignant and potentially malignant lesions. However, surgical resection of the pancreas still carries substantial morbidity and sometimes mortality, especially for the cystic lesion located in the head portion. Therefore, management should be individualized by risk-benefit analysis for each patient.
Recently, a pilot study of EUS-guided ethanol lavage for cystic tumors of the pancreas reported that complete resolution was achieved in only one-third of patients even though epithelial lining ablation was demonstrated in all resected specimens. Therefore, more effective treatment modalities or ablation agents are required to improve treatment responses. Intratumoral or intraperitoneal injection of chemotherapeutic agent has been used for endobronchial lesions of lung cancer, brain tumors and advanced ovarian cancer.13-16 EUS-guided injection of antitumor material has been reported in advanced pancreatic cancer. Although local injection of chemotherapeutic agents into pancreatic cystic tumors has not yet been reported, it is reasonable to suggest that such an approach may have an additive effect on ablation of the epithelial lining of cystic tumor when combined with ethanol lavage.
Paclitaxel, a widely used chemotherapeutic agent, inhibits cell processes that are dependent on microtubule turnover. Due to its highly hydrophobic nature,19 paclitaxel is expected to exert its effect longer when instilled within a closed cavity such as a cyst. The hydrophobic and viscous nature of paclitaxel may reduce the possibility of it leaking through a puncture site and causing complications.
The present study evaluated safety, feasibility and response following EUS-guided ethanol lavage with paclitaxel injection (EUS-EP) for treating cystic tumors of the pancreas.
|Cystic Tumors of the Pancreas||Procedure: Endoscopic ultrasonography-guided ethanol lavage with paclitaxel injection||Phase 2 Phase 3|
|Study Design:||Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Long Term Outcomes After EUS-guided Ablation for Cystic Tumors of the Pancreas|
- Incidence of adverse events Treatment response by change of calculated cyst volume [ Time Frame: early (< 7 days) and late (> 7days) adverse events ]
- recurrence during follow up [ Time Frame: any recurrence of cyst after complete resolution during at least 3 years follow up ]
- treatment response [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
- predictive factors for complete resolution [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
|Study Start Date:||June 2006|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||August 2016|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||August 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Single treatment arm
Procedure: Endoscopic ultrasonography-guided ethanol lavage with paclitaxel injection
A curvilinear-array echoendoscope and a 22 gauge needle were then used for cyst fluid aspiration, ethanol lavage and paclitaxel injection. The maximum possible volume of cyst fluid was aspirated, and the needle tip was carefully maintained inside the cyst to avoid parenchymal injury. Ethanol was injected into the collapsed cyst until the original shape was restored, and a lavage was then performed for 3-5 minutes. Pure ethanol (99%) was used for all patients except the first 2 in whom 88% ethanol was used. After reaspiration of the injected ethanol, the cyst cavity was injected with a solution containing 3 mg/mL paclitaxel and the needle then carefully retracted. The high viscosity of paclitaxel necessitated dilution in 0.9% normal saline for administration via a 22G needle. The volume of the paclitaxel solution administered was the same as the volume of the cyst fluid aspirated.
Other Name: paclitaxel (Taxol®, 6 mg/mL, Bristol-Myers Squibb Pharmaceutical Group)
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00689715
|Korea, Republic of|
|Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine|
|Seoul, Korea, Republic of, 138-736|
|Principal Investigator:||Dong Wan Seo, M.D., Ph.D||Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan Collge of Medicine|