Whole-body Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) for Staging Malignant Lymphomas

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00685997
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 29, 2008
Last Update Posted : July 3, 2013
ZonMw: The Netherlands Organisation for Health Research and Development
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
R.A.J. Nievelstein, UMC Utrecht

Brief Summary:


The malignant lymphomas, Hodgkin´s disease (HD) and non-Hodgkin´s lymphoma (NHL), comprise approximately 5-6% of all malignancies in adults and account for 10% of childhood cancers. Once the diagnosis has been established histologically, extent of disease (staging) and response to therapy will be assessed by means of a computed tomography (CT) scan of the body. The staging at presentation is important for determining prognosis and choice of treatment. Unfortunately, CT is accompanied by a significant amount of radiation exposure which may induce second cancers. This is especially important in childhood, because rapidly dividing cells are more sensitive to radiation induced effects and children will have more years ahead in which cancerous changes might occur. New magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques offer an alternative way for staging and follow-up of cancers, including the malignant lymphomas. Whole-body MRI (WB-MRI) is a radiation-free method which allows imaging of the body with excellent soft tissue contrast in a single examination.


The aim of this study is to examine if WB-MRI can replace CT in staging of patients with a malignant lymphoma.


This will be a multicenter, prospective, diagnostic cohort study (timeschedule: 36 months). 135 eligible patients will undergo WB-MRI on top of the protocolar imaging routinely done.

Study population:

Patients aged 8 years and older with a histological diagnosis of HD or NHL.

Statistical analysis:

The challenge of this study will be to show non-inferiority of WB-MRI compared to CT in staging malignant lymphoma. Testing of this hypothesis will be one-sided and performed using recently proposed techniques by Lui et al.

Radiation-related risk assessment:

A risk model will be used, based on the BEIR VII report, for modelling the late-term mortality from radiation induced tumors after exposure to ionizing radiation.

Economic evaluation:

Actual costs (from a societal perspective) will be determined for the two diagnostic tests. In case of clinical equivalence and similar costs or cost savings associated with MRI the latter can be considered dominant, obviating further economic evaluation. Otherwise, through modelling of expected long term health impact and associated outcomes such as quality of life and costs the incremental cost effectiveness will be evaluated.

Condition or disease
Malignant Lymphoma Hodgkin's Disease Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma

Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 135 participants
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Official Title: Whole-body MR Imaging for Staging Malignant Lymphomas
Study Start Date : June 2008
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 2012
Actual Study Completion Date : June 2012

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. The primary outcome will be the clinical stage according to WB-MRI findings and according to CT-findings. This clinical stage will be determined according to the Ann Arbor classification system. [ Time Frame: December 2010 ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. The secondary outcome will be a (subjective) assessment of image quality and presence of artefacts, for both T1-weighted and T2-weighted MR images as well as CT. [ Time Frame: December 2010 ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   8 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Patients, aged 8 years and older, with newly diagnosed Hodgkin's disease or non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, who will undergo computed tomography (CT) for staging

Inclusion Criteria:

  • male or female patients
  • age: 8 years and older
  • histologically proven Hodgkin's disease or non-Hodgkin's lymphoma
  • patients scheduled for a CT of the body for initial staging
  • participant's parents (participant < 18 years) or the participant (participant >18 years) must willingly give written informed consent prior to the start of the study
  • whole-body MRI has to be performed within 10 days before or after CT, and before therapy has been started.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • patients with a general contraindication for MRI (including cardiovascular pacemakers, claustrophobia)
  • patients who have had a previous malignancy
  • patients who are pregnant or nursing
  • patients in whom therapy has already started after CT and before MRI could be performed

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00685997

Academic Medical Center Amsterdam
Amsterdam, Noord-Holland, Netherlands, 1105 AZ
Meander Medical Center Amersfoort
Amersfoort, Utrecht, Netherlands, 3818 ES
University Medical Center Utrecht
Utrecht, Netherlands, 3584 CX
Sponsors and Collaborators
UMC Utrecht
ZonMw: The Netherlands Organisation for Health Research and Development
Principal Investigator: Rutger A. J. Nievelstein, MD PhD UMC Utrecht

Responsible Party: R.A.J. Nievelstein, M.D., Ph.D., UMC Utrecht Identifier: NCT00685997     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 80-82310-98-08012
First Posted: May 29, 2008    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 3, 2013
Last Verified: July 2013

Keywords provided by R.A.J. Nievelstein, UMC Utrecht:
Malignant lymphoma
Hodgkin's disease
Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma
Whole-Body MRI

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin
Hodgkin Disease
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases