Double-Blind, Alacramyn® vs. Placebo in Pediatric Patients
There is no FDA approved therapy for the treatment of scorpion envenomation, Centruroides scorpion envenomation produces a pattern of neurotoxicity with a spectrum of severity ranging from trivial to life threatening. Patients stung by Centruroides scorpions develop a clinical syndrome which may require sedation with benzodiazepines and observation for 6 to 28 hours of intensive care monitoring. A safe therapy is necessary to halt the progression of symptoms early in the clinical course while avoiding the clinical deterioration that can occur en route to a tertiary facility. Alacramyn® is anticipated to be safer and more effective than the present standard of care, midazolam, and faster-acting such that the need for transport of most rural patients will be eliminated and will reduce hospitalization time.
The working hypotheses are as follows:
- The investigational antivenom is safe as treatment of scorpion sting envenomation.
- The investigational antivenom is effective as treatment of scorpion sting envenomation.
|Scorpion Sting Envenomation||Biological: Antivenin Centruroides (scorpion) equine immune F(ab)2 Other: Placebo||Phase 2 Phase 3|
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Prospective, Randomized, Double-Blind, Controlled Study of Alacramyn® vs. Placebo in Pediatric Patients With Systemic Signs of Scorpion Sting Envenomation|
- The primary study endpoint is the resolution of clinically important signs of scorpion envenomation [ Time Frame: 4 hours ]
- Alacramyn®-treated patients require significantly less benzodiazepine sedation than placebo controls, for control of agitation [ Time Frame: 4 hours ]
- Venom blood levels decrease after Alacramyn® treatment, while the placebo group continues to have elevated blood venom levels [ Time Frame: 1 hour ]
|Study Start Date:||May 2004|
|Study Completion Date:||October 2005|
|Primary Completion Date:||August 2005 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Alacramyn and midazolam as needed
Biological: Antivenin Centruroides (scorpion) equine immune F(ab)2
3 vials of Alacramyn reconstitued in 50 ml of normal saline as a IV infusion over 10 minutes.
Other Name: Anascorp
Placebo Comparator: 2
placebo and midazolam as needed
Placebo reconstituted in 50 ml of normal saline administered over 10 min
The purpose of this Prospective, Randomized, Double-Blind, Controlled, Multicenter Treatment Protocol, phase III trial is to examine the safety and efficacy of Alacramyn® for treatment of patients envenomed by scorpion sting.
This study will take place in two pediatric Intensive care units in Tucson, Arizona.
Patients who arrive at the emergency clinic presenting with scorpion sting symptoms will be evaluated for treatment with respect to the inclusion/exclusion criteria according to the study procedures. Only patients with clinically important systemic signs of scorpion sting envenomation will be included in the study. Baseline measures will include severity evaluation of the scorpion sting envenomation. The patient's vital signs, concomitant medication, medical history and demographic data will be collected. Blood tests will be done for haematology, chemistry, venom and anti-venom levels and urine test.
After informed consent and inclusion7exclusion criteria have been obtained and verified, and the baseline measurements have been done, three vials of Alacramyn® or placebo will be administered. During the following 3 hours, midazolam will continue, if indicated for control of agitation.
Patients off midazolam sedation after receiving study drug and no longer manifesting clinically important systemic signs of scorpion envenomation will be discharge at 4 hours, or 2 hours following cessation of midazolam drip, whichever occurs later. Prior to discharge repeat lab work, physical assessments, and vital signs will be done. Patients still requiring midazolam sedation and/or manifesting clinically important systemic signs of scorpion envenomation will be treated with standard of care for the duration of clinical symptoms. Those remaining for extended care undergo final study assessments at time of hospital discharge or at 24 hours after study drug infusion if hospitalization continues.
All patients who participated in the study will be contacted 7 and 14 days after treatment, looking for symptoms suggestive of ongoing venom effect, delayed serum sickness as well as for any other adverse event reported by the patient.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00685230
|United States, Arizona|
|Tucson Medical Center|
|Tucson, Arizona, United States, 85712|
|University Medical Center|
|Tucson, Arizona, United States, 85724|
|Principal Investigator:||Leslie Boyer, MD||Poison and Drug Center|
|Study Director:||Walter Garcia, MD||Instituto Bioclon S.A. de C.V.|
|Study Chair:||Alejandro Alagon, PhD||Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico|