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Study of Levalbuterol and Racemic Albuterol in Pediatric Subjects With Reactive Airways Disease (RAD)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00685126
First Posted: May 28, 2008
Last Update Posted: February 22, 2012
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Sunovion
  Purpose
The purpose of this study is to compare the efficacy of two dose levels of levalbuterol compared with one dose level of racemic albuterol in pediatric subjects aged birth to 48 months old.

Condition Intervention Phase
Reactive Airways Disease (RAD) Drug: Levalbuterol HCl Inhalation Solution Drug: Albuterol HCl Inhalation Solution Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Safety, Tolerability and Efficacy Study of Levalbuterol and Racemic Albuterol in Pediatric Subjects Birth to 48 Months Old With Reactive Airways Disease in an Acute Setting

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Sunovion:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Maximum decrease in Respiratory Status Scale© total score [ Time Frame: Day 0: Approximately 5-10 minutes after each dose until subject is admitted or discharged ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Time to meet discharge criteria or clinical decision to discharge. [ Time Frame: Days 0-7 ]
  • Time to maximum decrease in Respiratory Status Scale© total score. [ Time Frame: Days 0-7 ]
  • Individual Respiratory Status Scale© items. [ Time Frame: Days 0-7 ]
  • Time to hospitalization. [ Time Frame: Days 0-7 ]
  • Rate of hospitalization. [ Time Frame: Days 0-7 ]

Enrollment: 117
Study Start Date: February 2001
Study Completion Date: July 2002
Primary Completion Date: July 2002 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: A

Low dose levalbuterol (0.15 mg, 0.31 mg or 0.63 mg); the first three doses will be delivered every 20 minutes for the first hour. Up to three additional doses may be given every 40 minutes thereafter. Additional doses may be administered at the investigator's discretion.

Period II: Double blind, active-treatment period following discharge from the Emergency Department or Physician's Office. Subject will receive TID double-blind dosing. Period III: Double blind, active-treatment period following Visit 2. Subjects will receive double-blind dosing at the discretion of the investigator (PRN to TID).

Drug: Levalbuterol HCl Inhalation Solution
Nebulized unit dose vial for inhalation, low dose (0.15 mg, 0.31 mg or 0.63 mg), adjusted for body weight
Other Names:
  • Xopenex UDV
  • Xopenex Inhalation Solution
  • R-albuterol
Experimental: B

High dose levalbuterol (0.31 mg, 0.63 mg or 1.25 mg); the first three doses will be delivered every 20 minutes for the first hour. Up to three additional doses may be given every 40 minutes thereafter. Additional doses may be administered at the investigator's discretion.

Period II: Double blind, active-treatment period following discharge from the Emergency Department or Physician's Office. Subject will receive TID double-blind dosing. Period III: Double blind, active-treatment period following Visit 2. Subjects will receive double-blind dosing at the discretion of the investigator (PRN to TID).

Drug: Levalbuterol HCl Inhalation Solution
Nebulized unit dose vial for inhalation, high dose (0.31 mg, 0.63 mg or 1.25 mg), adjusted for body weight
Other Names:
  • Xopenex UDV
  • Xopenex Inhalation Solution
  • R-albuterol
Active Comparator: C

Racemic albuterol (0.63, 1.25 mg or 2.5 mg); the first three doses will be delivered every 20 minutes for the first hour. Up to three additional doses may be given every 40 minutes thereafter. Additional doses may be administered at the investigator's discretion.

Period II: Double blind, active-treatment period following discharge from the Emergency Department or Physician's Office. Subject will receive TID double-blind dosing. Period III: Double blind, active-treatment period following Visit 2. Subjects will receive double-blind dosing at the discretion of the investigator (PRN to TID).

Drug: Albuterol HCl Inhalation Solution
Nebulized unit dose vial for inhalation, dose (0.31 mg, 0.63 mg or 1.25 mg), adjusted for body weight
Other Names:
  • Ventolin
  • RS-albuterol

Detailed Description:
A double-blind, randomized, active-controlled, multicenter, parallel-group trial of levalbuterol in pediatric subjects presenting with acute reactive airways disease. This study was previously posted by Sepracor Inc. In October 2009, Sepracor Inc. was acquired by Dainippon Sumitomo Pharma., and in October 2010, Sepracor Inc's name was changed to Sunovion Pharmaceuticals Inc.
  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 48 Months   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subject, male or female, must be between the ages of birth to 48 months inclusive at the time of consent.
  • Subject must have experienced at least one previous episode or have a history of reactive airways disease.
  • Subject must have an Oxygen saturation ≥ 90% at room air or with no more than 2 L/min supplemental Oxygen.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subject who has participated in an investigational drug study within 30 days prior to study start, or who has previously participated in this study.
  • Subject with a known sensitivity to levalbuterol or racemic albuterol, including Ventolin® or any of the excipients contained in any of these formulations.
  • Subject using any prescription drug with which levalbuterol or racemic albuterol sulfate administration is contraindicated.
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00685126


  Show 34 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Sunovion
  More Information

Responsible Party: Sunovion
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00685126     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 051-033
First Submitted: May 23, 2008
First Posted: May 28, 2008
Last Update Posted: February 22, 2012
Last Verified: February 2012

Keywords provided by Sunovion:
RAD
Reactive Airways Disease
Levalbuterol
Racemic albuterol

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Bronchial Hyperreactivity
Bronchial Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Pharmaceutical Solutions
Albuterol
Bronchodilator Agents
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Asthmatic Agents
Respiratory System Agents
Tocolytic Agents
Reproductive Control Agents
Adrenergic beta-2 Receptor Agonists
Adrenergic beta-Agonists
Adrenergic Agonists
Adrenergic Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action