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Renin-Guided Therapeutics in the Management of Untreated, Uncontrolled, or Complicated Hypertension (Renin)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00684489
First Posted: May 26, 2008
Last Update Posted: May 26, 2008
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Collaborator:
New York Presbyterian Hospital
Information provided by:
Medical University of South Carolina
  Purpose

Plasma renin values determine whether volume or vasoconstrictor (renin) factors predominate in elevating blood pressure and are useful in selecting effective antihypertensive therapy.2,3

The researchers hypothesize that:

  1. Plasma renin-guided therapeutics will improve systolic and diastolic blood pressure control in patients with untreated hypertension as well as in patients with treatment refractory or resistant hypertension that are managed by Clinical Hypertension Specialists.
  2. Renin-guided therapeutics will reduce the number of medications required to maintain blood pressure control to <140/90 mmHg in hypertensive patients receiving 3 or more medications, while under the care of a Clinical Hypertension Specialist.
  3. Renin-guided therapeutics selection will reduce the total cost of antihypertensive care provided by Clinical Hypertension Specialists.

Condition Intervention
Hypertension Drug: clinical hypertension specialist-no specific med. Any anti-hypertension meds. Drug: renin guided therapeutics-no specific med. Any anti-hypertensive med.

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Renin-Guided Therapeutics in the Management of Untreated, Uncontrolled or Complicated Hypertension

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Medical University of South Carolina:

Enrollment: 52
Study Start Date: September 2003
Study Completion Date: September 2005
Primary Completion Date: March 2005 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: A; B Drug: clinical hypertension specialist-no specific med. Any anti-hypertension meds.
assignment to a clinical hypertension specialist. Drugs used were hypertension medications were: chlorothiazide, hydrochlorothiazide, polythiazide indapamide, metolazone, bumetanide, furosemide, torsemide, amiloride, triamterene, eplerenone, spironolactone, atenolol, betaxolol, bisoprolol, metoprolol, nadolol, propranolol, timolol, acebutolol, penbutolol pindolol, carvedilol, labetalol, benazepril, captopril, enalapril, fosinopril, lisinopril, moexipril, perindopril, quinapril, ramipril, trandolapril, candesartan, eprosartan, irbesartan, losartan, olmesartan, telmisartan, valsartan, diltiazem, dilacor, ditiazem, verapamil, amlodipine, felodipine, isradipine, nicardipine, nifedipine, nisoldipine, doxazosin, prazosin, terazosin, clonidine, clonidine patch, methyldopa, reserpine, guanfacine, hydralazine, minoxidil.
Drug: renin guided therapeutics-no specific med. Any anti-hypertensive med.
renin guided therapeutics-chlorothiazide, chlorthalidone, hydrochlorothiazide, polythiazide, indapamide, metolazone, bumetanide, furosemide, torsemide, amiloride, triamterene, eplerenone, spironolactone, atenolol, betaxolol, bisoprolol, metoprolol, nadolol, propranolol, timolol, acebutolol, penbutolol, pindolol, carvedilol, labetalol, benazepril, captopril, enalapril, fosinopril, lisinopril, moexipril, perindopril, quinapril, ramipril, trandolapril, candesartan, eprosartan, irbesartan, losartan, olmesartan, telmisartan, valsartan, diltiazem, dilacor, verapamil, amlodipine, felodipine, isradipine, nicardipine, nifedipine, nisoldipine, doxazosin, prazosin, terazosin, chlonidine, methyldopa, reserpine, guanfacine, hydralazine, minoxidil.
Active Comparator: 2
Arm A is assignment to a clinical hypertension specialist Arm B is assigned renin-guided therapeutics
Drug: clinical hypertension specialist-no specific med. Any anti-hypertension meds.
assignment to a clinical hypertension specialist. Drugs used were hypertension medications were: chlorothiazide, hydrochlorothiazide, polythiazide indapamide, metolazone, bumetanide, furosemide, torsemide, amiloride, triamterene, eplerenone, spironolactone, atenolol, betaxolol, bisoprolol, metoprolol, nadolol, propranolol, timolol, acebutolol, penbutolol pindolol, carvedilol, labetalol, benazepril, captopril, enalapril, fosinopril, lisinopril, moexipril, perindopril, quinapril, ramipril, trandolapril, candesartan, eprosartan, irbesartan, losartan, olmesartan, telmisartan, valsartan, diltiazem, dilacor, ditiazem, verapamil, amlodipine, felodipine, isradipine, nicardipine, nifedipine, nisoldipine, doxazosin, prazosin, terazosin, clonidine, clonidine patch, methyldopa, reserpine, guanfacine, hydralazine, minoxidil.
Drug: renin guided therapeutics-no specific med. Any anti-hypertensive med.
renin guided therapeutics-chlorothiazide, chlorthalidone, hydrochlorothiazide, polythiazide, indapamide, metolazone, bumetanide, furosemide, torsemide, amiloride, triamterene, eplerenone, spironolactone, atenolol, betaxolol, bisoprolol, metoprolol, nadolol, propranolol, timolol, acebutolol, penbutolol, pindolol, carvedilol, labetalol, benazepril, captopril, enalapril, fosinopril, lisinopril, moexipril, perindopril, quinapril, ramipril, trandolapril, candesartan, eprosartan, irbesartan, losartan, olmesartan, telmisartan, valsartan, diltiazem, dilacor, verapamil, amlodipine, felodipine, isradipine, nicardipine, nifedipine, nisoldipine, doxazosin, prazosin, terazosin, chlonidine, methyldopa, reserpine, guanfacine, hydralazine, minoxidil.
Active Comparator: A is clinical hypertension specialist
Arm A is assigned to a clinical hypertension specialist
Drug: clinical hypertension specialist-no specific med. Any anti-hypertension meds.
assignment to a clinical hypertension specialist. Drugs used were hypertension medications were: chlorothiazide, hydrochlorothiazide, polythiazide indapamide, metolazone, bumetanide, furosemide, torsemide, amiloride, triamterene, eplerenone, spironolactone, atenolol, betaxolol, bisoprolol, metoprolol, nadolol, propranolol, timolol, acebutolol, penbutolol pindolol, carvedilol, labetalol, benazepril, captopril, enalapril, fosinopril, lisinopril, moexipril, perindopril, quinapril, ramipril, trandolapril, candesartan, eprosartan, irbesartan, losartan, olmesartan, telmisartan, valsartan, diltiazem, dilacor, ditiazem, verapamil, amlodipine, felodipine, isradipine, nicardipine, nifedipine, nisoldipine, doxazosin, prazosin, terazosin, clonidine, clonidine patch, methyldopa, reserpine, guanfacine, hydralazine, minoxidil.
Active Comparator: Arm B is renin-guided therapeutics
This group will be assigned to renin-guided therapeutics
Drug: renin guided therapeutics-no specific med. Any anti-hypertensive med.
renin guided therapeutics-chlorothiazide, chlorthalidone, hydrochlorothiazide, polythiazide, indapamide, metolazone, bumetanide, furosemide, torsemide, amiloride, triamterene, eplerenone, spironolactone, atenolol, betaxolol, bisoprolol, metoprolol, nadolol, propranolol, timolol, acebutolol, penbutolol, pindolol, carvedilol, labetalol, benazepril, captopril, enalapril, fosinopril, lisinopril, moexipril, perindopril, quinapril, ramipril, trandolapril, candesartan, eprosartan, irbesartan, losartan, olmesartan, telmisartan, valsartan, diltiazem, dilacor, verapamil, amlodipine, felodipine, isradipine, nicardipine, nifedipine, nisoldipine, doxazosin, prazosin, terazosin, chlonidine, methyldopa, reserpine, guanfacine, hydralazine, minoxidil.

Detailed Description:

Hypertension affects ~25% of adults. The prevalence of hypertension and related complications is greater among the elderly, obese, and ethnic minorities. Unfortunately, hypertension control rates remain in the 25% range and are often significantly lower for the high-risk groups noted.1 Since the high-risk groups are growing more rapidly than the general population, the prevalence of hypertension and associated morbidity and mortality will probably increase sharply in the years ahead unless successful strategies are implemented for dramatically improving blood pressure control.

Direct measurements of plasma renin reflect the relative balance between volume (V) and vasoconstrictor (renin [R]) factors underlying the elevated blood pressure in patients with essential hypertension.2 While many antihypertensive medications have effects on both the volume (V) and vasoconstrictor (renin [R]) components of elevated blood pressure, one or the other usually predominates

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   21 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age, 21 years of age and older
  • Male or female (post-menopausal or effective method of birth control)
  • BP and treatment criteria noted above
  • Willingness to provide written, informed consent
  • Ability to adhere to study protocol

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Uncontrolled diabetes or hyperlipidemia requiring medication changes
  • Any active disease process requiring new diagnostic and therapeutic plans
  • Any life-threatening illness
  • History of alcohol or drug abuse in past 5 years
  • Mental illness or personality disorder that interfere with adherence to study protocol
  • Serum creatinine >2.5 mg/dL unless documented stable for at least one year
  • Dialysis for chronic renal failure, even if creatinine stable for at least one year
  • Intolerance to two or more classes of antihypertensive medications
  • Normal home BP (<140/90 mmHg at baseline), i.e., office only hypertension.
  Contacts and Locations
No Contacts or Locations Provided
  More Information

Responsible Party: Brent M. Egan, MD, Medical University of South Carolina
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00684489     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 11023
HR# 11023
First Submitted: February 25, 2008
First Posted: May 26, 2008
Last Update Posted: May 26, 2008
Last Verified: May 2008

Keywords provided by Medical University of South Carolina:
hypertension
renin-guided therapeutics

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Hypertension
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Hydrochlorothiazide
Antihypertensive Agents
Coal Tar
Diuretics
Natriuretic Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Sodium Chloride Symporter Inhibitors
Membrane Transport Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Keratolytic Agents
Dermatologic Agents