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PROCHYMAL™ (Human Adult Stem Cells) for the Treatment of Moderate to Severe Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Mesoblast, Ltd. ( Mesoblast International Sàrl ) Identifier:
First received: May 21, 2008
Last updated: December 3, 2014
Last verified: December 2014
The objective of the present study is to establish the safety and efficacy of multiple administrations of PROCHYMAL™ (human adult stem cells) in subjects with moderate to severe Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD).

Condition Intervention Phase
Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive
Pulmonary Emphysema
Chronic Bronchitis
Drug: Placebo
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II, Multicenter, Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Study to Evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of PROCHYMAL™ (ex Vivo Cultured Adult Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells) Intravenous Infusion for the Treatment of Subjects With Moderate to Severe Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Mesoblast, Ltd.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Safety [ Time Frame: Through 2 years ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Pulmonary Function Tests [ Time Frame: Through 1 year ]
  • Exercise Capability [ Time Frame: Through 1 year ]
  • Quality of life [ Time Frame: Through 1 year ]

Enrollment: 62
Study Start Date: April 2008
Study Completion Date: December 2010
Primary Completion Date: December 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: A
Intravenous infusion of ex vivo cultured adult human mesenchymal stem cells
Other Names:
  • Ex vivo cultured adult human mesenchymal stem cells
  • Prochymal
Placebo Comparator: B
Drug: Placebo
Intravenous infusion of excipient of PROCHYMAL™

Detailed Description:
COPD is currently the fourth leading cause of death in the United States. It is clear that there is a significant unmet medical need for safe and effective therapies to treat moderate to severe COPD. This patient population has a high mortality rate and requires frequent hospitalizations due to disease-related exacerbations. Based on severity distribution estimates, approximately 70% of all current COPD patients have either moderate or severe COPD. COPD has no known cure, thus current therapeutic intervention is aimed at providing relief of symptoms. Oxygen therapy is the only treatment that has been shown to improve survival. Smoking cessation has been shown to slow the rate of FEV1 decline and COPD progression. In general patients are treated with bronchodilators and inhaled corticosteroids, but again, these measures do not provide any significant benefit regarding disease progression or prognosis. The characteristics and biologic activity of PROCHYMAL™, along with a good safety profile in human trials to date, suggest that PROCHYMAL™ may be a good candidate for addressing this unmet medical need.

Ages Eligible for Study:   40 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subject must have a diagnosis of moderate or severe COPD
  • Subject must have a post-bronchodilator FEV1/FVC ratio < 0.7
  • Subject must have a post-bronchodilator FEV1 % predicted value ≥ 30% and < 70%
  • Subject must be between 40 and 80 years of age, of either sex, and of any race
  • Subject must be a current or ex-smoker, with a cigarette smoking history of ≥ 10 years or > 10 pack-years

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subject has been diagnosed with asthma or other clinically relevant lung disease other than COPD (e.g. restrictive lung diseases, sarcoidosis, tuberculosis, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, bronchiectasis, or lung cancer)
  • Subject has been diagnosed with α1-Antitrypsin deficiency
  • Subject has a body mass greater than 150 kg (330 lb) or less than 40 kg (88 lb)
  • Subject has active infection
  • Subject has had a significant exacerbation of COPD or has required mechanical ventilation within 4 weeks of screening
  • Subject with clinically relevant uncontrolled medical condition not associated with COPD
  • Subject has documented history of uncontrolled heart failure
  • Subject has pulmonary hypertension due to left heart condition
  • Subject has atrial fibrillation or significant congenital heart defect/disease
  • Subject has initiated pulmonary rehabilitation within 3 months of screening
  • Subject is allergic to bovine or porcine products
  • Subject has evidence of active malignancy, or prior history of active malignancy that has not been in remission for at least 5 years
  • Subject has a life expectancy of < 6 months
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00683722

United States, California
David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90095
Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute at Harbor UCLA Medical Center
Torrance, California, United States, 90502
United States, North Carolina
American Health Research
Charlotte, North Carolina, United States, 28207
United States, South Carolina
Upstate Pharmaceutical Research
Greenville, South Carolina, United States, 29615
Spartanburg Medical Research
Spartanburg, South Carolina, United States, 29303
United States, Vermont
Vermont Lung Center, University of Vermont
Burlington, Vermont, United States, 05446
Sponsors and Collaborators
Mesoblast International Sàrl
  More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Mesoblast International Sàrl Identifier: NCT00683722     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 801
Study First Received: May 21, 2008
Last Updated: December 3, 2014

Keywords provided by Mesoblast, Ltd.:
Chronic Obstructive Airway Disease
Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Pulmonary Emphysema
Airflow Obstruction, Chronic
Chronic Airflow Obstruction
Chronic Bronchitis
Mesenchymal Stem Cells
Adult Human Stem Cells

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lung Diseases
Lung Diseases, Obstructive
Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive
Chronic Disease
Pulmonary Emphysema
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Disease Attributes
Bronchial Diseases
Bronchitis, Chronic
Pathologic Processes
Respiratory Tract Infections processed this record on April 27, 2017