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A Dose Escalation and Safety Study of I5NP to Prevent Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) in Patients at High Risk of AKI Undergoing Major Cardiovascular Surgery (QRK.004)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00683553
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Lack of an available patient population)
First Posted : May 23, 2008
Last Update Posted : November 16, 2010
Information provided by:
Quark Pharmaceuticals

Brief Summary:

This is a Phase 1, randomized, double-blind, dose escalation, safety and pharmacokinetic study. The study will be conducted in approximately 10 sites in the United States. Up to 48 patients at high risk for AKI (CCF score ≥ 5 OR an estimated GFR (eGFR) <60 mL/min/1.73 m2) who have undergone major cardiovascular surgery will participate. Patients will receive a single IV injection of I5NP or placebo following cardiovascular surgery. I5NP will be administered 4 hours (+/- 30 minutes) following removal of the cardiopulmonary bypass machine (CBM).

The duration of the study is approximately 44 days, inclusive of a 14 day screening period. Patients will be contacted by phone at 6 and 12 months for follow-up questions. Patient visits are screening, day of surgery, hospital in-patient Days 1, 2, 3 - 5 and Day 7 or hospital discharge. Safety follow-up will continue until 30 days post-surgery. 2 phone calls will be made at 6 and 12 months after date of surgery.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Acute Renal Failure Acute Kidney Injury Drug: I5NP Drug: Placebo Phase 1

Detailed Description:
The drug (I5NP) is a small interfering RNA that is being developed to protect patients from acute kidney injury after cardiac bypass surgery. This study will test the safety of I5NP and measure how long the drug stays in the blood stream after injection. This study is not meant to test if I5NP protects kidneys from the damage that may occur in rare cases during surgery. Another purpose of this dose escalation study is to find out the right dose of the experimental drug to be given to study subjects in future studies. Even though there were no harmful effects seen in the animals tested, we do not know what side effects the experimental drug might cause in humans.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 3 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Phase I, Randomized, Double-Blind, Dose Escalation Trial of the Safety and Pharmacokinetics of a Single Intravenous Injection of I5NP in Patients at High Risk of Acute Kidney Injury Undergoing Major Cardiovascular Surgery
Study Start Date : May 2008
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 2010
Actual Study Completion Date : September 2010

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: I5NP drug Drug: I5NP
Single IV injection of experimental drug given in escalated doses at 0.5, 1.5, 5.0 and 10 mg/kg doses to different patients
Other Name: QPI-1002

Placebo Comparator: Placebo Drug: I5NP
Single IV injection of experimental drug given in escalated doses at 0.5, 1.5, 5.0 and 10 mg/kg doses to different patients
Other Name: QPI-1002

Drug: Placebo
Single IV injection of saline

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Dose Limiting Toxicities (DLTs) observed among 4 cohorts of 6-12 patients per cohort [ Time Frame: Reviewed at the conclusion of each cohort ]
  2. Pharmacokinetics [ Time Frame: Immediately following injection through 24 hrs ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   21 Years to 85 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria (before surgery):

  • Patient age between 21 years and 85 years old
  • Patient is capable of giving consent
  • Patient is willing and able to comply with the visit schedule and study procedures including post-hospitalization discharge follow-up
  • Patient is undergoing any major cardiac or vascular surgery requiring the use of cardiopulmonary bypass machine (CBM)
  • Patient has a cumulative score of ≥ 5 on the Cleveland Clinic Foundation (CCF) Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) risk factor scale OR the patient has an estimated GFR (eGFR) <60 mL/min/1.73 m2, as determined from the simplified (4-variable) MDRD (Modification of Diet in Renal Disease) equation at the time of the Screening/Baseline examination
  • The patient reports that they are up to date and have had normal findings on their age- and sex-appropriate cancer screening, per American Cancer Society guidelines, for breast cancer, cervical cancer, rectal cancer, and prostate cancer. If a patient is not up to date, the relevant screening test must be performed and a normal result documented prior to dosing.

Inclusion Criteria (during surgery):

  • Patient must have been on cardiopulmonary bypass machine (CBM)

Inclusion Criteria (after surgery):

  • Patient must be in the ICU for dosing to facilitate study procedures including PK blood draws and PK urine sampling

Exclusion Criteria (before surgery):

  • Patient has had cancer or may be predisposed due to a family history of:

    • a clinical syndrome predisposing to malignancy, such as Familial Polyposis Coli, Von Hippel Landau disease (associated with renal cell cancers and renal cysts) and Li-Fraumeni syndrome (associated with inherited mutations of the p53 tumor-suppressor gene)
    • the same malignancy in two or more first- or second-degree relatives
  • Patient has a history of any abnormality on chest X-ray that could represent a malignancy
  • Patient has a clinically significantly elevated pancreatic and/or hepatic enzyme level, defined as any grade 2, 3 or 4 value according to the National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Toxicity Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE), version 3.0
  • Women of childbearing potential are to be excluded from this study. Every female subject is considered of childbearing potential unless she has had sterilization surgery, or is post-menopausal.

    • Women 21-59, post-menopausal is defined as no menses for at least 12 months and an elevated follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) level.
    • Women 60-85, post-menopausal is defined as no menses in at least 12 months.
  • Patient has participated in a study of an experimental therapy in the last 30 days
  • Patient is currently receiving immunosuppressive therapy [this criterion does NOT apply to topical steroids and inhalation steroids for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and/or asthma]
  • Pre-operative extracorporeal membrane oxygenation
  • Patient has Intra-Arterial Balloon Pump (IABP) or other Left Ventricular Assist Device (LVAD)
  • Evidence that patient is experiencing possible AKI prior to surgery, defined as a > 1.5 times increase in serum creatinine from screening to any time prior to surgery
  • Patient has comfort measures only or do not resuscitate (DNR) status
  • Patient is participating in a concurrent interventional study
  • Patient has received intravenous contrast material < 24 hours prior to surgery
  • In the opinion of the investigator a pre-operative concomitant disease or clinical/laboratory finding that significantly raises the risk of complications in the post-operative period and therefore precludes dosing of the patient

Exclusion Criteria (during surgery):

  • In the opinion of the investigator, an intra-operative complication has occurred that significantly raises the risk of complications in the post operative period and therefore precludes dosing of the patient

Exclusion Criteria (after surgery):

  • In the opinion of the investigator, a complication has occurred in the post-operative period at any time prior to dosing that significantly raises the risk of further complications and therefore precludes dosing of the patient

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00683553

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United States, Alabama
University of Alabama at Birmingham
Birmingham, Alabama, United States, 35233
United States, Arizona
Mayo Clinic Hospital
Phoenix, Arizona, United States, 85054
United States, District of Columbia
George Washington University
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, 20037
United States, Missouri
Washington University
St. Louis, Missouri, United States, 63110
United States, Ohio
Cleveland Clinic Foundation
Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44195
United States, Pennsylvania
University of Pittsburgh Medical Center
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15213
United States, Texas
Texas Heart Institute
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
The Methodist Hospital
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
University of Texas
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
United States, Virginia
University of Virginia School of Medicine
Charlottesville, Virginia, United States, 22908-0688
Sponsors and Collaborators
Quark Pharmaceuticals
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Study Director: Martin S. Polinsky, M.D. Quark Pharmaceuticals
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Responsible Party: Mike Johnston, Director, Regulatory Affairs, Quark Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Identifier: NCT00683553    
Other Study ID Numbers: QRK.004
First Posted: May 23, 2008    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 16, 2010
Last Verified: November 2010
Keywords provided by Quark Pharmaceuticals:
Acute Renal Failure
Acute Kidney Injury
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Acute Kidney Injury
Renal Insufficiency
Wounds and Injuries
Kidney Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Female Urogenital Diseases
Female Urogenital Diseases and Pregnancy Complications
Urogenital Diseases
Male Urogenital Diseases