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Phase 1 Safety and Immunogenicity of Meningococcal Vaccine (HOPS)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00678652
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 15, 2008
Results First Posted : December 18, 2017
Last Update Posted : December 18, 2017
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to determine whether a vaccine based on outer membrane vesicles (NOMV) from genetically detoxified group B meningococcus is safe and effective for use as a vaccine. If so, the NOMV in this vaccine will be combined with NOMV from two other genetically modified strains as a potentially globally effective vaccine against group B meningococcus.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Meningococcal Infection, Group B Biological: 10 μg Group B Meningococcal 8570 HOPS-G NOMV Vaccine Biological: 25 μg Group B Meningococcal 8570 HOPS-G NOMV Vaccine Biological: 50 μg Group B Meningococcal 8570 HOPS-G NOMV Vaccine Biological: 75 μg Group B Meningococcal 8570 HOPS-G NOMV Vaccine Phase 1

Detailed Description:
This was a Phase 1, outpatient, open-label, dose-escalating study to evaluate the safety, tolerability, and immunogenicity of 4 doses of the Group B Meningococcal HOPS-G 8570 NOMV vaccine in healthy subjects. Subjects were screened by medical history; physical exam; complete blood count; serum chemistry profile; coagulation studies including prothrombin time (PT), partial thromboplastin time (PTT), and fibrinogen; human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) test, anti-hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibodies, and hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) test results; nasopharyngeal swabs for carriage of meningococci; bactericidal antibody titer to meningococci; and urinalysis; and urine pregnancy test results for females. The first 36 subjects to meet all inclusion criteria and none of the exclusion criteria were assigned to 1 of 4 dosage groups of 9 subjects each. After screening, there was a 10 to 60 day lead-in time (depending on when screening occurred) prior to vaccination during which subjects could not take or receive any experimental products. Also prior to vaccination, adverse events were recorded to establish a baseline with which to compare adverse events occurring after vaccination. Subjects kept a diary for 7 days before the first dose and for 1 day before each of the second and third doses. Immediately before each vaccination, vital signs were checked, an abbreviated physical examination was performed, each subject's throat was swabbed to assess carriage of meningococcal bacteria, and blood was drawn for immunology and safety labs. Urine was collected for analysis and females took a urine pregnancy test. The pregnancy test results had to be negative in order for a subject to be vaccinated. The vaccine with adjuvant was given intramuscularly at 0, 6, and 12 weeks (Study Days 0, 42, and 84) in doses of 10 μg, 25 μg, 50 μg, or 75 μg based on protein concentration. Vaccinations were performed in a staggered fashion with safety monitoring between groups. The 10-μg dose group was divided into 2 subgroups. Subjects in the first subgroup were vaccinated 30 minutes apart to observe subjects for the occurrence of acute side effects, and subjects in the second subgroup were vaccinated 1 week after the first. The subjects in each group were monitored for AE for at least 2 weeks prior to vaccinating the next higher dosage group. Subjects were kept in the Clinical Trials Center for 30 minutes after each vaccination for observation, and they were asked to keep a diary of symptoms for 7 days after each vaccination. AEs and SAEs were recorded at all study visits, and each AE or SAE was assessed for severity and relationship to the vaccine by the investigator.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 36 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Ph 1 Dose-Escalation Study of Safety and Immunogenicity of 3 Injections, at 0, 6, 2 Wks, of Group B Meningococcal 8570 HOPS-G NOMV Vaccine Adm Intramuscularly to Healthy Subjects at 10, 25, 50, 75 μg With Adjuvant
Study Start Date : April 2008
Primary Completion Date : August 2009
Study Completion Date : August 2009

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

U.S. FDA Resources

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: 10 μg of Group B Meningococcal 8570 HOPS-G NOMV Vaccine
Three Injections, Given at 0, 6, and 12 Weeks, of Group B Meningococcal 8570 HOPS-G NOMV Vaccine Administered Intramuscularly to Healthy Subjects at 10 μg with Adjuvant
Biological: 10 μg Group B Meningococcal 8570 HOPS-G NOMV Vaccine
10 μg of Meningococcal 8570 HOPS-G NOMV Vaccine given at 0, 6, and 12 weeks, administered intramuscularly to healthy subjects for duration of study
Experimental: 25 μg of Group B Meningococcal 8570 HOPS-G NOMV Vaccine
Three Injections, Given at 0, 6, and 12 Weeks, of Group B Meningococcal 8570 HOPS-G NOMV Vaccine Administered Intramuscularly to Healthy Subjects at 25 μg with Adjuvant
Biological: 25 μg Group B Meningococcal 8570 HOPS-G NOMV Vaccine
25 μg of Meningococcal 8570 HOPS-G NOMV Vaccine given at 0, 6, and 12 weeks, administered intramuscularly to healthy subjects for duration of study
Experimental: 50 μg of Group B Meningococcal 8570 HOPS-G NOMV Vaccine
Three Injections, Given at 0, 6, and 12 Weeks, of Group B Meningococcal 8570 HOPS-G NOMV Vaccine Administered Intramuscularly to Healthy Subjects at 50 μg with Adjuvant
Biological: 50 μg Group B Meningococcal 8570 HOPS-G NOMV Vaccine
50 μg of Meningococcal 8570 HOPS-G NOMV Vaccine given at 0, 6, and 12 weeks, administered intramuscularly to healthy subjects for duration of study
Experimental: 75 μg of Group B Meningococcal 8570 HOPS-G NOMV Vaccine
Three Injections, Given at 0, 6, and 12 Weeks, of Group B Meningococcal 8570 HOPS-G NOMV Vaccine Administered Intramuscularly to Healthy Subjects at 75 μg with Adjuvant
Biological: 75 μg Group B Meningococcal 8570 HOPS-G NOMV Vaccine
75 μg of Meningococcal 8570 HOPS-G NOMV Vaccine given at 0, 6, and 12 weeks, administered intramuscularly to healthy subjects for duration of study



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Bactericidal Absolute Values After Group B Meningococcal 8570 HOPS-G NOMV Vaccine Injections [ Time Frame: 18 weeks. Days 0, 14, 56, 84, 98 and 126 ]
    Measure the bactericidal absolute values per dose group after vaccine injections, administered intramuscularly, of Group B Meningococcal 8570 HOPS-G NOMV Vaccine at 10, 25, 50, or 75 μg with aluminum hydroxide adjuvant in healthy adult subjects.

  2. Rate of Seroconversion After the 2nd Dose of 8570 L3-5,7-5 Vaccine [ Time Frame: 42+7 days (visit 7) ]
    Rate of seroconversion (fourfold increase from baseline in antibody titer of bactericidal antibodies) after the 2nd dose of vaccine

  3. Rate of Seroconversion After the 3rd Dose of 8570 L3-5, 7-5 Vaccine [ Time Frame: 84+7 days (visit 11) ]
    Rate of seroconversion (fourfold increase from baseline in antibody titer of bactericidal antibodies) after the 3rd dose of vaccine


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Total Antibody Response to the Parent Strain of Group B Meningococcus [ Time Frame: 126 days ]
    Assess and characterize bactericidal activity and total antibody response against the vaccine strain and other strains of Group B Meningococcus induced by 3 injections, administered intramuscularly, of Group B Meningococcal 8570 HOPS-G NOMV Vaccine at 10, 25, 50, or 75 μg with aluminum hydroxide adjuvant in healthy adult subjects.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 45 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Healthy (by physical examination and medical history) military or civilian males or females;
  • Age 18-45 years;
  • Able to give informed consent, understands risks and benefits of study, assents to use of blood samples for future research; understands and is willing to comply with all protocol procedures and time commitments;
  • Females must have a negative urine pregnancy test on vaccination day before each dose AND agree to practice an effective birth control method as necessary, for 6 months after the first vaccination;
  • Military service-members who wish to participate must obtain written permission from their immediate supervisor, department chief or equivalent, and company commander or equivalent.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Current or history of significant organ/system disease;
  • History of allergy to any vaccine;
  • History of allergy to aluminum hydroxide;
  • Presence of significant unexplained laboratory abnormality that in the opinion of the PI may potentially confound the analysis of the study results;
  • HIV seropositive or any other immunosuppressive state;
  • Positive test for HBsAg or hepatitis C antibody;
  • Evidence or admission of on-going drug or alcohol abuse/dependence;
  • Intention to leave the area during the study such that the volunteer would miss 1 or more study days;
  • Prior receipt of any group B meningococcal outer membrane protein (OMP) vaccine or a vaccine containing meningococcal OMP;
  • Has received or plans to receive any live vaccine, Investigational New Drug (IND) products or significant immunosuppressive therapy* in the 28 days prior to, or any inactivated vaccine within 14 days before initial vaccination or throughout the study, or received parenteral immunoglobulin or blood products within 3 months of study initiation;

    • (Intra-articular, topical, or intranasal steroids, steroids applied to the eye, or ≤ 7 days of oral steroids are in general acceptable, depending on the formulation and condition for which they are prescribed. Inclusion of individuals receiving these medications will be made by the PI on a case by case basis)
  • High levels of baseline bactericidal antibodies against the vaccine strain on screening (>1:16) and/or throat carriage of Neisseria meningitidis at time of screening;
  • Positive urine pregnancy test prior to vaccination;
  • Lactation from first dose through 3 months after last dose;
  • Any condition in the opinion of the investigator that might interfere with the study vaccine.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00678652


Locations
United States, Maryland
Clinical Trials Center, WRAIR
Silver Spring, Maryland, United States, 20910
Sponsors and Collaborators
U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Paul B Keiser, M.D. WRAIR, Division of Bacterial and Rickettsial Diseases

Responsible Party: U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00678652     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: WRAIR 1395
HSRRB Log A-14553 ( Other Identifier: IRB )
MIDRP AM0035_07_WR ( Other Identifier )
S-15-08 ( Other Identifier: Sponsor )
First Posted: May 15, 2008    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: December 18, 2017
Last Update Posted: December 18, 2017
Last Verified: December 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

Keywords provided by U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command:
Meningococcal vaccine
Neisseria meningitidis

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Meningococcal Infections
Neisseriaceae Infections
Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections
Bacterial Infections
Vaccines
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs