Diagnostic Value of Hyperbilirubinaemia as a Predictive Factor for Appendiceal Perforation in Acute Appendicitis
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The values of laboratory examinations which are useful for the diagnoses of appendicitis are white blood cell count (WBC), C-reactive protein (CRP) and erythrocyte blood sedimentation rate (ESR). However up to date there is no laboratory marker for the pre-operative diagnosis of appendiceal perforation in acute appendicitis. Recently hyperbilirubinaemia has been associated with appendiceal perforation. Aim of this retrospective study is therefore to investigate if hyperbilirubinaemia has a diagnostic value for the pre-operative diagnosis of appendiceal perforation in patients with appendicitis.
Condition or disease
We identified 538 patients with histologically proved acute appendicitis who underwent laparoscopic or conventional appendicectomy between January, 2004 and December, 2007 in a surgical department of an academic teaching hospital. A retrospective multiple chart review of the medical records including laboratory values (bilirubin, CRP, white blood count) and histological results was conducted.
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Ages Eligible for Study:
Child, Adult, Senior
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
Patients who are appendectomied and who received preoperative Liver function test (bilirubin, liver transaminases GOT and GPT)
Appendicitis and a preoperative laboratory workup with Leukocytes, C-reactive Protein, Bilirubin and liver transaminases GOT and GPT
A history of viral hepatitis
Dubin Johnson syndrome
BRIC (benign recurrent intra-hepatic cholestasis) and other documented biliary
Hemolytic or liver diseases associated with hyperbilirubinaemia.