Safety Study of Home Oxygen Therapy for Children With Acute Bronchiolitis
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
|Official Title:||A Randomised Controlled Trial: Home Oxygen Therapy Versus Hospital Oxygen Therapy for Children With Acute Bronchiolitis|
- Readmission to hospital [ Time Frame: Within 7 days of discharge ]
- Number of days in hospital [ Time Frame: days ]
- parent satisfaction [ Time Frame: discharge ]
|Study Start Date:||August 2007|
|Study Completion Date:||December 2007|
|Primary Completion Date:||December 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Children discharged home with oxygen
Procedure: Home oxygen therapy
Administer oxygen at home or in hospital
No Intervention: 2
Children remain in hospital for oxygen therapy
Acute bronchiolitis is the most common reason for hospital admission in children aged less than 1 year in developed countries. Over the last 25 years, hospitalization rates and admission duration have increased dramatically, resulting in substantial health care costs for both institutions and individual families.
There are currently no pharmacological therapies for acute bronchiolitis that have been shown to consistently alter the natural history of this disease. Current evidence suggests that management is essentially supportive, consisting of oxygen supplementation if the child is hypoxic and nasogastric feeds or intravenous fluids if the child is dehydrated. Oxygen supplementation is the principal determinant of the length of hospital admission for children with acute bronchiolitis and the need for supplemental oxygen is generally considered to be an absolute indication for hospitalization. However, Bajaj et al demonstrated that a carefully selected population of children with acute bronchiolitis can be managed safely with home oxygen therapy.
The escalating demand and cost of health care has driven health reforms in many countries, including Australia and the United Kingdom. These reforms have included the development of services that allow patients with a range of illnesses to be managed safely in their own home rather than hospital. Such services have been well established for children with a number of chronic conditions and although managing children with acute illnesses at home is not a new strategy, this model of care is increasingly considered an alternative to traditional in-patient hospitalisation. In addition to the financial benefits of transferring care to the patients' homes for health care providers and families, children and parents report a strong preference for such models of care.
Home oxygen therapy is considered an appropriate and relatively safe option for children with chronic respiratory problems such as chronic lung disease of prematurity, but the use of home oxygen therapy for children with acute respiratory problems is limited. With the recent establishment of a "Hospital in The Home" (HiTH) program at our institution, we sought to determine the safety, parental satisfaction and economic advantage of home oxygen therapy for children with acute bronchiolitis compared with traditional inpatient hospitalization.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00677066
|Australia, Western Australia|
|Princess Margaret Hospital for Children|
|Perth, Western Australia, Australia, 6001|
|Principal Investigator:||Andrew C Martin, FRACP||Princess Margaret Hospital for Children|