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A Phase II Trial of Gemcitabine and Oxaliplatin for Triple Negative Metastatic Breast Cancer

This study has been terminated.
(Sponsor funding stopped)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Amelia Zelnak, Emory University Identifier:
First received: May 6, 2008
Last updated: November 18, 2013
Last verified: November 2013
The purpose of this study is to investigate if the combination of gemcitabine and oxaliplatin is effective for triple negative breast cancer.

Condition Intervention Phase
Breast Cancer
Drug: Gemcitabine
Drug: Oxaliplatin
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Trial of Gemcitabine and Oxaliplatin for ER-, PR-, HER2NEU- (Triple Negative) Metastatic Breast Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Emory University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Participants With Complete Response, Partial Response, Progressive Disease and Stable Disease. [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ]

    A sum of the longest diameter(LD) for all target lesions will be calculated and reported as the baseline sum LD.

    Complete Response (CR): Disappearance of all target lesions Partial Response (PR): At least a 30% decrease in the sum of the LD of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum LD Progressive Disease (PD):At least a 20% increase in the sum of the LD of target lesions.

    Stable Disease (SD):Neither sufficient shrinkage to qualify for PR nor sufficient increase to qualify for PD, taking as reference the smallest sum LD since the treatment started.

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Overall Survival From Time of Study Entry [ Time Frame: 132 weeks ]

    The number of weeks patient survived from the time of patient entry. The time frame reflects the time the first patient was entered into the study to the time till the last patient survived.

    Note: Not all patients started the study at the same time so the time frame is different from the full range.

    The full range reflects the least number of weeks a patient survived to the most number of weeks a patient survived.

Enrollment: 6
Study Start Date: October 2008
Study Completion Date: October 2009
Primary Completion Date: August 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Gemcitabine and Oxaliplatin
All patients enrolled on clinical trial will receive Gemcitabine 1000mg/m^2 on Day 1 and Oxaliplatin 100 mg/m^2 intravenously over 2 hours on Day 2.
Drug: Gemcitabine
Gemcitabine 1000mg/m^2 on day 1 every 14 days Cycles of treatment will be repeated every 2 weeks until disease progression, intolerable toxicity, or the development of any of the criteria for study removal
Other Name: Gemcitabine, Oxaliplatin
Drug: Oxaliplatin
Oxaliplatin 100mg/m^2 on day 2 every 14 days Cycles of treatment will be repeated every 2 weeks until disease progression, intolerable toxicity, or the development of any of the criteria for study removal

Detailed Description:
In this study, participants will receive gemcitabine and oxaliplatin, drugs that have been in use for a long time. Gemcitabine is a treatment that is an effective therapy currently available to patients with this type and stage of breast cancer. Frequently, in cancer therapy, combinations of drugs prove more effective as treatment than the same drugs used alone. The combination of gemcitabine and oxaliplatin has not been tested in patients with triple negative breast cancer. It is hoped that the addition of oxaliplatin may cause your tumor to stop growing or possible your tumor may shrink. This assessment will be basd on measuring changes in the size of your tumor.

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed ER-, PR-, Her2neu- (Triple Negative) metastatic breast cancer
  • Patients must have measurable disease according to the RECIST criteria. Patients with bone metastases may be included if they have a decrease in performance status or narcotic analgesic requirement.
  • Patients must have either received a taxane in the adjuvant setting or received a taxane as first-line treatment for metastatic breast cancer
  • Age > 18 years
  • ECOG Performance Score of 0, 1, or 2 (Appendix A)
  • Adequate bone marrow as evidenced by:
  • Absolute neutrophil count > 1,500/L
  • Platelet count > 100,000/microL
  • Adequate renal function as evidenced by serum creatinine < 1.5 mg/dL
  • Adequate hepatic function as evidenced by:

    • Serum total bilirubin < 1.5 mg/dL
    • Alkaline phosphatase < 3X the ULN for the reference lab < 5X the ULN (Upper limit for normal) for patients with known hepatic metastases
    • SGOT/SGPT < 3X the ULN(Upper limit for normal) for the reference lab (< 5X the ULN for patients with known hepatic metastases
  • Patients must be recovered from both acute and late effects of any prior surgery, radiotherapy or other antineoplastic therapy
  • Patients or their legal representatives must be able to read, understand and provide informed consent to participate in the trial.
  • Patients of childbearing potential agree to use an effective form of contraception during the study and for 90 days following the last dose of study medication (an effective form of contraception is an oral contraceptive or a double barrier method)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with an active infection or with a fever > 101.30 F within 3 days of the first scheduled day of protocol treatment
  • Patients with active CNS metastases. Patients with stable CNS disease, who have undergone radiotherapy at least 4 weeks prior to the planned first protocol treatment and who have been on a stable dose of corticosteroids for 3 weeks are eligible for the trial
  • History of prior malignancy within the past 5 years except for curatively treated basal cell carcinoma of the skin, cervical intra-epithelial neoplasia, or localized prostate cancer with a current PSA of < 1.0 mg/dL on 2 successive evaluations at least 3 months apart, with the most recent evaluation within 4 weeks of entry
  • Patients with known hypersensitivity to any of the components of oxaliplatin or gemcitabine.
  • Patients who have received gemcitabine or platin-based chemotherapy in the past.
  • Patients who have received chemotherapy within 28 days of the first scheduled day of protocol treatment.
  • Patients who received radiotherapy to more than 25% of their bone marrow; or patients who received any radiotherapy within 4 weeks of entry
  • Patients who are receiving concurrent investigational therapy or who have received investigational therapy within 28 days of the first scheduled day of protocol treatment (investigational therapy is defined as treatment for which there is currently no regulatory authority approved indication)
  • Peripheral neuropathy Grade 2
  • Patients who are pregnant or lactating
  • Any other medical condition, including mental illness or substance abuse, deemed by the Investigator to be likely to interfere with a patient's ability to sign informed consent, cooperate and participate in the study, or interfere with the interpretation of the results.
  • History of allogeneic transplant
  • Known HIV or Hepatitis B or C (active, previously treated or both)
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00674206

United States, Georgia
Emory University Winship Cancer Institute
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30322
Sponsors and Collaborators
Emory University
Principal Investigator: Amelia Zelnak, MD Emory University Winship Cancer Institute
  More Information

Responsible Party: Amelia Zelnak, MD, Emory University Identifier: NCT00674206     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: IRB00007792
7792 ( Other Identifier: Other )
Study First Received: May 6, 2008
Results First Received: March 30, 2012
Last Updated: November 18, 2013

Keywords provided by Emory University:
Metastatic breast cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs processed this record on May 22, 2017