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Safety and Efficacy of Ramelteon in Elderly Subjects With Chronic Insomnia

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Takeda Identifier:
First received: May 1, 2008
Last updated: February 27, 2012
Last verified: February 2012
This purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of Ramelteon, once daily (QD), in elderly participants with chronic insomnia.

Condition Intervention Phase
Chronic Insomnia
Drug: Ramelteon
Drug: Placebo
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase III, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Outpatient, Safety and Efficacy Study of TAK-375 in Elderly Subjects With Chronic Insomnia

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Takeda:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Mean Subjective Sleep Latency per subject diary, from Nights 1 through 7 of double-blind Treatment [ Time Frame: Weeks 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 or Final Visit. ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Subjective Total Sleep Time. [ Time Frame: Weeks 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 or Final Visit. ]
  • Subjective Number of Awakenings. [ Time Frame: Weeks 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 or Final Visit. ]
  • Subjective Ease of Falling Back to Sleep after Awakening. [ Time Frame: Weeks 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 or Final Visit. ]
  • Subjective Sleep Quality. [ Time Frame: Weeks 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 or Final Visit. ]
  • Clinical Global Impression Change of Condition. [ Time Frame: Weeks 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 or Final Visit. ]
  • Clinical Global Impression Severity of Illness. [ Time Frame: Weeks 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 or Final Visit. ]
  • Clinical Global Impression Therapeutic Effect. [ Time Frame: Weeks 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 or Final Visit. ]
  • Clinical Global Impression Side Effects. [ Time Frame: Weeks 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 or Final Visit. ]
  • Average Subjective Sleep Latency over the week preceding the Day 15, Day 22, Day 29, and Day 36 Visits. [ Time Frame: Weeks 2, 3, 4 and 5 or Final Visit. ]

Enrollment: 829
Study Start Date: December 2002
Study Completion Date: January 2004
Primary Completion Date: January 2004 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Ramelteon 4 mg QD Drug: Ramelteon
Ramelteon 4 mg, tablets, orally, once daily for up to 5 weeks.
Other Names:
  • Rozerem™
  • TAK-375
Experimental: Ramelteon 8 mg QD Drug: Ramelteon
Ramelteon 8 mg, tablets, orally, once daily for up to 5 weeks.
Other Names:
  • Rozerem™
  • TAK-375
Placebo Comparator: Placebo Drug: Placebo
Ramelteon placebo-matching, tablets, orally, each night for up to 35 consecutive days.

Detailed Description:

Insomnia is characterized by a complaint of initiating and maintaining sleep or complaints of nonrestorative and non-refreshing sleep. Transient insomnia affects approximately one-third to one-half of the US population, based on the results of 2 surveys of representative samples of the adult US population conducted by the Gallup Organization in which respondents were asked if they had "ever had difficulty sleeping." Based on reports of "regular" or "frequent" sleep difficulty, results from the same studies suggest that approximately one-tenth of the US population experiences chronic insomnia. The ideal treatment for insomnia would reduce the latency to onset of sleep and increase total sleep time, without a negative impact on sleep architecture and without safety concerns or next-day effects.

Ramelteon is a selective melatonin-1 receptor agonist under development by Takeda Chemical Industries, Ltd., for the treatment of transient and chronic insomnia and for the treatment of Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorders.

Ramelteon is the first candidate in a novel class of drugs based on this mechanism. Based on non-clinical and clinical studies completed to date, TAK-375 has the potential to offer unique advantages relative to approved hypnotics in terms of its pharmacological profile and its selectivity to the melatonin-1 receptor.

This study is designed to determine the safety and efficacy of 35-day treatment of chronic insomnia with ramelteon. Participation in this study is anticipated to be approximately 2 months.


Ages Eligible for Study:   65 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria

  • Subject is a male or a post-menopausal female.
  • Primary insomnia as defined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition Revised for at least 3 months and a history of daytime complaint(s) associated with disturbed sleep.
  • Subjective sleep latency greater than or equal to 45 minutes and a subjective total sleep time less than or equal to 6.5 hours per night for at least 3 nights during the week of the lead-in period.
  • Habitual bedtime is between 8:30 PM and 12:00 AM.
  • Body mass index between 18 and 34, inclusive.

Exclusion Criteria

  • Known hypersensitivity to ramelteon or related compounds, including melatonin.
  • Previously participated in a study involving ramelteon.
  • Participated in any other investigational study, and/or took any investigational drug within 30 days or five half-lives prior to the first day of single-blind study medication, whichever is longer.
  • Sleep schedule changes required by employment (eg, shift worker) within three months prior to the first day of single-blind study medication, or has flown across greater than three time zones within seven days prior to screening.
  • Participated in a weight loss program or substantially altered exercise routine within 30 days prior to the first day of single blind study medication.
  • Has ever had a history of seizures, sleep apnea, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, restless leg syndrome, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, mental retardation, or cognitive disorder.
  • History of psychiatric disorder within the past 12 months.
  • History of drug addiction or drug abuse within the past 12 months.
  • History of alcohol abuse within the past 12 months, as defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition Revised and/or regularly consumes 4 or more alcoholic drinks per day.
  • Current significant neurological, hepatic, renal, endocrine, cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, pulmonary, hematologic or metabolic disease, unless currently controlled and stable with protocol-allowed medication.
  • Uses tobacco products during nightly awakenings.
  • Any clinically important abnormal finding as determined by a medical history, physical examination, electrocardiogram, or clinical laboratory tests, as determined by the investigator.
  • Positive hepatitis panel.
  • Any additional condition(s) that in the Investigator's opinion would:

    • affect sleep-wake function
    • prohibit the subject from completing the study
    • not be in the best interest of the subject.
  • Is required to take or continues taking any disallowed medication, prescription medication, herbal treatment or over-the counter medication, including:

    • Anxiolytics
    • Hypnotics
    • Antidepressants
    • Anticonvulsants
    • Sedating H1 antihistamines
    • Systemic steroids
    • Respiratory stimulants
    • Decongestants
    • Over-the-counter and prescription stimulants
    • Over-the-counter and prescription diet aids
    • Central nervous system active drugs
    • Narcotic analgesics
    • All beta blockers
    • Melatonin
    • St. John's Wort
    • Kava-kava
    • Gingko biloba
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00671255

  Show 115 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Study Director: VP Clinical Science Takeda
  More Information

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: Takeda Identifier: NCT00671255     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 01-02-TL-375-025
U1111-1114-1190 ( Registry Identifier: WHO )
Study First Received: May 1, 2008
Last Updated: February 27, 2012

Keywords provided by Takeda:
Chronic Insomnia
Drug Therapy

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders
Sleep Disorders, Intrinsic
Sleep Wake Disorders
Nervous System Diseases
Mental Disorders processed this record on May 23, 2017