Nitric Oxide, LPS and the Pathogenesis of Asthma Phase 1
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||Nitric Oxide, LPS and the Pathogenesis of Asthma Phase 1|
|Study Start Date:||May 2003|
|Study Completion Date:||June 2008|
|Primary Completion Date:||June 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
The purpose of the study is to determine the role of nitric oxide (NO) in asthma. We determine the effect of promoter polymorphisms in the gene for the NO producing enzyme, nitric oxide synthase (NOS2), on exhaled NO in healthy African Americans and Caucasians. We compare exhaled NO levels between African Americans and Caucasians. Information on race or ethnicity, serum samples, blood pressure, exhaled breath condensate and health questionnaires will be collected.
Three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have been identified in Africans that are associated with increases in systemic NO production. These studies determine whether the NOS2 promoter SNPs are associated with differences in basal exhaled NO levels. The study of exhaled NO levels in individuals with asthma is confounded by the presence of cell types besides bronchial epithelium that produce NO, by differences in the severity of asthma and by the use of medications such as corticosteroids which alter exhaled NO levels.
Therefore, in this study exhaled NO levels in asymptomatic healthy African Americans and Caucasians are measured. The initial analysis of exhaled NO levels indicate that a subset of African American samples contained lower levels of NO than previous measurements of exhaled NO levels in Caucasians. Because differences in exhaled NO levels may influence bronchodilation and other airway responses, as part of this study, the exhaled NO levels of the African American subjects are compared to the results of sample collections from Caucasian samples.
In addition to measures of exhaled NO levels, information on race or ethnicity and DNA samples are collected to characterize samples collected from African American and Caucasian subjects. Serum samples, measures of blood pressure and exhaled breath condensate samples are collected from African Americans and Caucasians to control for confounding variables. Repeated measures of exhaled NO levels are collected to control for fluctuations in exhaled NO levels related to upper respiratory infections.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00671229
|United States, North Carolina|
|Duke University Medical Center|
|Durham, North Carolina, United States, 27710|
|Principal Investigator:||Marc C Levesque, M.D., PhD||Duke University|