This site became the new on June 19th. Learn more.
Show more Menu IMPORTANT: Listing of a study on this site does not reflect endorsement by the National Institutes of Health. Talk with a trusted healthcare professional before volunteering for a study. Read more... Menu IMPORTANT: Talk with a trusted healthcare professional before volunteering for a study. Read more... Menu
Give us feedback

Tobacco Zero: Interactive Tobacco Education for Teens

This study has been completed.
Columbia University
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Deschutes Research, Inc. Identifier:
First received: April 29, 2008
Last updated: February 16, 2012
Last verified: February 2012
There have been a number of tobacco prevention programs developed and tested in the past few years, and some of the comprehensive programs have been promoted by the Office on Smoking and Health at the Centers for Disease Control (CDC). However, the use of these programs and integration into school-based curriculum has been lacking due to a number of factors. We are proposing to develop an interactive computer-based program for tobacco prevention aimed at middle school students. The CD-ROM is designed to be an adjunct to the existing health education curriculum provided for 6th through 8th grade students.

Condition Intervention Phase
Tobacco Use Disorder Behavioral: Interactive Tobacco Education Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Participant)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Tobacco World: Interactive Tobacco Education for Teens

Further study details as provided by Deschutes Research, Inc.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Increase perceived behavioral control (self-efficacy) [ Time Frame: pre and post ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Decrease willingness to use tobacco [ Time Frame: pre and post ]
  • Decrease intentions to use tobacco [ Time Frame: pre and post ]

Enrollment: 1864
Study Start Date: November 2009
Study Completion Date: November 2010
Primary Completion Date: September 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Intervention Details:
    Behavioral: Interactive Tobacco Education
    Increase perceived behavioral control (self-efficacy) Decrease willingness to use tobacco Decrease intentions to use tobacco
Detailed Description:

The CD-ROM is based upon our Phase I prototype program entitled Tobacco World in which students are presented with a video arcade interface that offers them random access to several game-like activities in which they learn about tobacco and the negative health effects associated with tobacco use. We will expand the menu of options to include more complex activities and entertaining games.

The Phase II program will deliver engaging media to educate students about the risks of tobacco and peer and industry influences on their decisions regarding tobacco. Games and activities will be designed to act on mechanisms shown to be effective in decreasing intentions to use tobacco through changing attitudes, social images, beliefs about short and long term physical consequences, perceptions of peers' social images, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control. We will test individual components of the program with middle school students for effectiveness in changing mediating variables related to initiation and use of tobacco.

The final program will be evaluated in a randomized trial where middle schools in Oregon and New York will be assigned to either an established tobacco prevention curriculum, or to the usual tobacco curriculum plus the Tobacco World program. Students will be assessed at pre-, post- and 6-month follow-up to evaluate the impact of program use on intentions, and actual tobacco use.


Ages Eligible for Study:   11 Years to 15 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Middle school students in 6th or 7th or 8th grade in Oregon and New York City whose parents have consented to have their child participate;
  • Middle school health education teachers in Oregon and New York City

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Students unable to understand English.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00670995

United States, Oregon
Deschutes Research Inc
Eugene, Oregon, United States, 97401
Sponsors and Collaborators
Deschutes Research, Inc.
Columbia University
Principal Investigator: Herbert H Severson, PhD Deschutes Research, Inc.
  More Information

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: Deschutes Research, Inc. Identifier: NCT00670995     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 103623B
Study First Received: April 29, 2008
Last Updated: February 16, 2012

Keywords provided by Deschutes Research, Inc.:
Tobacco use among middle and junior high school students remains a concern among health educators.
The use of tobacco prevention programs and their integration into school-based curricula has been lacking due to a number of factors.

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Tobacco Use Disorder
Substance-Related Disorders
Chemically-Induced Disorders
Mental Disorders processed this record on August 17, 2017