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Double Blind, Placebo-controlled, Study of the Safety, Tolerability and Pharmacokinetics of AIN457 in Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00669942
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 1, 2008
Results First Posted : March 30, 2015
Last Update Posted : March 30, 2015
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Novartis ( Novartis Pharmaceuticals )

Brief Summary:
Evaluate the safety, tolerability and pharmacokinetics of AIN457 when administered as a single dose (intravenous infusion) in patients with active rheumatoid arthritis in combination with a stable dose of methotrexate. And to compare efficacy on the dose groups.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Rheumatoid Arthritis Biological: AIN457 Drug: Placebo Phase 1 Phase 2

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 104 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Care Provider)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Official Title: A Randomized, Double Blind, Placebo-controlled, Dose Escalation Study of the Safety, Tolerability and Pharmacokinetics of AIN457 in Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients With Pharmacodynamics Assessed in an Expanded Cohort at the Maximum Tolerated Dose
Study Start Date : December 2005
Primary Completion Date : November 2008
Study Completion Date : November 2008

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

U.S. FDA Resources

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Part 1 - AIN457A 0.3 mg/kg
AIN457A 0.3 mg/kg was administered intravenously as a single dose.
Biological: AIN457
AIN457A is a fully human recombinant IgG1 antibody that targets and neutralizes IL-17A.
Experimental: Part 1 - AIN457A 1.0 mg/kg
AIN457A 1.0 mg/kg was administered intravenously as a single dose.
Biological: AIN457
AIN457A is a fully human recombinant IgG1 antibody that targets and neutralizes IL-17A.
Experimental: Part 1 - AIN457A 3.0 mg/kg
AIN457A 3.0 mg/kg was administered intravenously as a single dose.
Biological: AIN457
AIN457A is a fully human recombinant IgG1 antibody that targets and neutralizes IL-17A.
Experimental: Part 1 - AIN457A 10 mg/kg
AIN457A 10.0 mg/kg was administered intravenously as a single dose.
Biological: AIN457
AIN457A is a fully human recombinant IgG1 antibody that targets and neutralizes IL-17A.
Placebo Comparator: Part 1 - Placebo
Placebo to AIN457A was administered intravenously as a single dose.
Drug: Placebo
Placebo to AIN457
Experimental: Parts 2 and 3 - AIN457A 1.0 mg/kg
AIN457A 1.0 mg/kg was administered intravenously as 2 doses 21 days apart, i.e. the first dose on day 1 and the second dose on day 22.
Biological: AIN457
AIN457A is a fully human recombinant IgG1 antibody that targets and neutralizes IL-17A.
Experimental: Parts 2 and 3 - AIN457A 3.0 mg/kg
AIN457A 3.0 mg/kg was administered intravenously as 2 doses 21 days apart, i.e. the first dose on day 1 and the second dose on day 22.
Biological: AIN457
AIN457A is a fully human recombinant IgG1 antibody that targets and neutralizes IL-17A.
Experimental: Parts 2 and 3 - AIN457A 10 mg/kg
AIN457A 10.0 mg/kg was administered intravenously as 2 doses 21 days apart, i.e. the first dose on day 1 and the second dose on day 22.
Biological: AIN457
AIN457A is a fully human recombinant IgG1 antibody that targets and neutralizes IL-17A.
Placebo Comparator: Parts 2 and 3 - Placebo
Placebo to AIN457A was administered intravenously as 2 doses 21 days apart, i.e. the first dose on day 1 and the second dose on day 22.
Drug: Placebo
Placebo to AIN457
Experimental: Part 1 - Healthy Volunteers - AIN457A 3 mg/kg
AIN457A 3.0 mg/kg was administered intravenously as a single dose.
Biological: AIN457
AIN457A is a fully human recombinant IgG1 antibody that targets and neutralizes IL-17A.
Experimental: Part 1 - Healthy Volunteers - AIN457A 10 mg/kg
AIN457A 10 mg/kg was administered intravenously as a single dose.
Biological: AIN457
AIN457A is a fully human recombinant IgG1 antibody that targets and neutralizes IL-17A.
Placebo Comparator: Part 1 - Healthy Volunteers - Placebo
Placebo to AIN457A was administered intravenously as a single dose.
Drug: Placebo
Placebo to AIN457



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Parts 2 and 3 Participants Who Achieved American College of Rheumatology Response of 20 (ACR20) [ Time Frame: Day 43 ]
    Clinical response to treatment was assessed according to ACR20 criteria. A participant was defined as an ACR20 responder if the following 3 conditions were met: 1) ≥20% improvement in the number of tender joints, 2) ≥20% improvement in the number of swollen joint and 3) ≥20% improvement in three of the following five domains: patient global assessment, physician global assessment, patient pain assessment, health assessment questionnaire (HAQ) and acute phase reactant.

  2. Pharmacokinetics (PK) of AIN457: Time to Reach the Maximum Concentration After Drug Administration (Tmax) in Part 1 Participants [ Time Frame: Day 113 ]
    Serum samples were collected pre-dose and 0.5, 2, 4, 7, 12 and 24 hours post infusion on day 1, and on days 2, 5, 8, 15, 22, 29, 36, 43, 57, 71, 85, 99 and 113.

  3. PK of AIN457: Observed Maximum Serum Concentration Following Drug Administration (Cmax) in Part 1 Participants [ Time Frame: Day 113 ]
    Serum samples were collected pre-dose and 0.5, 2, 4, 7, 12 and 24 hours post infusion on day 1, and on days 2, 5, 8, 15, 22, 23, 26, 29, 36, 43, 57, 71, 85, 99 and 113. On day 22, samples were collected pre-dose and 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 7 and 24 hours post infusion.

  4. PK of AIN457: Area Under the Serum Concentration-time Cure From Time Zero to the Time of Last Quantifiable Concentration (AUClast), Area Under the Serum Concentration-time Curve From Time Zero to (AUCinf) in Part 1 Participants [ Time Frame: Day 113 ]
    Serum samples were collected pre-dose and 0.5, 2, 4, 7, 12 and 24 hours post infusion on day 1, and on days 2, 5, 8, 15, 22, 23, 26, 29, 36, 43, 57, 71, 85, 99 and 113. On day 22, samples were collected pre-dose and 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 7 and 24 hours post infusion.

  5. PK of AIN457: Volume of Distribution During the Terminal Phase Following Intravenous Elimination (Vz) in Part 1 Participants [ Time Frame: Day 113 ]
    Serum samples were collected pre-dose and 0.5, 2, 4, 7, 12 and 24 hours post infusion on day 1, and on days 2, 5, 8, 15, 22, 23, 26, 29, 36, 43, 57, 71, 85, 99 and 113. On day 22, samples were collected pre-dose and 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 7 and 24 hours post infusion.

  6. PK of AIN457: Systemic Clearance From Serum Following Intravenous Administration (CL) in Part 1 Participants [ Time Frame: Day 113 ]
    Serum samples were collected pre-dose and 0.5, 2, 4, 7, 12 and 24 hours post infusion on day 1, and on days 2, 5, 8, 15, 22, 23, 26, 29, 36, 43, 57, 71, 85, 99 and 113. On day 22, samples were collected pre-dose and 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 7 and 24 hours post infusion.

  7. PK of AIN457: Terminal Elimination Half-life (T1/2) in Part 1 Participants [ Time Frame: Day 113 ]
    Serum samples were collected pre-dose and 0.5, 2, 4, 7, 12 and 24 hours post infusion on day 1, and on days 2, 5, 8, 15, 22, 23, 26, 29, 36, 43, 57, 71, 85, 99 and 113. On day 22, samples were collected pre-dose and 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 7 and 24 hours post infusion.

  8. Pharmacokinetics PK of AIN457: Tmax in Parts 2 and 3 Participants [ Time Frame: Day 113 ]
    Serum samples were collected pre-dose and 0.5, 2, 4, 7, 12 and 24 hours post infusion on day 1, and on days 2, 5, 8, 15, 22, 23, 26, 29, 36, 43, 57, 71, 85, 99 and 113. On day 22, samples were collected pre-dose and 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 7 and 24 hours post infusion.

  9. Pharmacokinetics PK of AIN457: Cmax in Parts 2 and 3 Participants [ Time Frame: Day 113 ]
    Serum samples were collected pre-dose and 0.5, 2, 4, 7, 12 and 24 hours post infusion on day 1, and on days 2, 5, 8, 15, 22, 23, 26, 29, 36, 43, 57, 71, 85, 99 and 113. On day 22, samples were collected pre-dose and 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 7 and 24 hours post infusion.

  10. Pharmacokinetics PK of AIN457: AUClast and AUCinf in Parts 2 and 3 Participants [ Time Frame: Day 113 ]
    Serum samples were collected pre-dose and 0.5, 2, 4, 7, 12 and 24 hours post infusion on day 1, and on days 2, 5, 8, 15, 22, 23, 26, 29, 36, 43, 57, 71, 85, 99 and 113. On day 22, samples were collected pre-dose and 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 7 and 24 hours post infusion.

  11. Pharmacokinetics PK of AIN457: Vz in Parts 2 and 3 Participants [ Time Frame: Day 113 ]
    Serum samples were collected pre-dose and 0.5, 2, 4, 7, 12 and 24 hours post infusion on day 1, and on days 2, 5, 8, 15, 22, 23, 26, 29, 36, 43, 57, 71, 85, 99 and 113. On day 22, samples were collected pre-dose and 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 7 and 24 hours post infusion.

  12. Pharmacokinetics PK of AIN457: CL in Parts 2 and 3 Participants [ Time Frame: Day 113 ]
    Serum samples were collected pre-dose and 0.5, 2, 4, 7, 12 and 24 hours post infusion on day 1, and on days 2, 5, 8, 15, 22, 23, 26, 29, 36, 43, 57, 71, 85, 99 and 113. On day 22, samples were collected pre-dose and 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 7 and 24 hours post infusion.

  13. Pharmacokinetics PK of AIN457: T1/2 in Parts 2 and 3 Participants [ Time Frame: Day 113 ]
    Serum samples were collected pre-dose and 0.5, 2, 4, 7, 12 and 24 hours post infusion on day 1, and on days 2, 5, 8, 15, 22, 23, 26, 29, 36, 43, 57, 71, 85, 99 and 113. On day 22, samples were collected pre-dose and 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 7 and 24 hours post infusion.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Parts 2 and 3 Participants Who Achieved ACR50 and ACR70 [ Time Frame: Day 43 ]
    Clinical response to treatment was assessed according to ACR50 and ACR70 criteria. A participant was defined as an ACR50 or ACR70 responder if the following 3 conditions were met: 1) improvement of ≥50% or ≥ 70%, respectively, in the number of tender joints, 2) improvement of ≥50% or ≥ 70%, respectively, in the number of swollen joints and 3) improvement of ≥50% or ≥ 70%, respectively, in three of the following five domains: patient global assessment, physician global assessment, patient pain assessment, health assessment questionnaire (HAQ) and acute phase reactant

  2. Disease Activity Score (DAS28) of Parts 2 and 3 Participants [ Time Frame: Day 43 ]
    The DAS28 is a composite score based on tender and swollen joint counts, C reactive protein (CRP) concentrations, and the participant's global disease activity based on a visual analogue scale (VAS). The tender joint count (based on 28 joints) was calculated by scoring several different aspects of tenderness as assessed by pressure and joint manipulation on physical examination. The information on various types of tenderness was then collapsed into a single tender versus non-tender dichotomy, and the number of joints that were classified as tender was recorded. The swollen joint count was calculated in the same manner. For CRP concentrations, blood samples were collected and sent to a central laboratory for assessment. For the VAS assessment, the participant used a 100 mm horizontal VAS to assess the severity of his or her arthritis where 0 = none and 100 = most severe. DAS28 scores range from <2.6 (disease remission) to >5.1 (high disease activity).



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male and female patients with active rheumatoid arthritis in combination with a stable dose of methotrexate aged 18-75 years may participate in this trial.
  • Post menopausal or surgically sterile female patients are allowed. Women of child-bearing potential may participate if they are on a stable dose of methotrexate and if they are practicing effective contraception for at least 6 months prior to screening, willing to use 2 forms of contraception, including at least 1 barrier method during the study and for at least 2 months following the completion/discontinuation of the study.
  • Patients must have a diagnosis of active rheumatoid arthritis of stages I, II or III (ACR 1987 revised classification for criteria for RA). Disease duration of at least 6 months prior to randomization is essential;

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Current treatment with anti-TNF-α or anti IL-1 therapy (or other biological therapy).
  • Patients with congestive heart failure or poorly controlled diabetes mellitus (HbA1c value ≥10%).
  • Presence of any major chronic inflammatory autoimmune diseases like psoriasis, psoriatic arthritis, spondyloarthropathy, inflammatory bowel disease or SLE that can mimic rheumatoid arthritis diagnosis or that can interfere with efficacy evaluation in the study.
  • History of renal trauma, glomerulonephritis or patient with one kidney.
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding women will be excluded.
  • A positive tuberculin skin test.

Other protocol-defined inclusion/exclusion criteria may apply.


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00669942


  Show 24 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Novartis Pharmaceuticals
Investigators
Study Director: Novartis Pharmaceuticals Novartis Pharmaceuticals
Principal Investigator: Novartis Novartis investigator site

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Novartis Pharmaceuticals
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00669942     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CAIN457A2101
First Posted: May 1, 2008    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: March 30, 2015
Last Update Posted: March 30, 2015
Last Verified: March 2015

Keywords provided by Novartis ( Novartis Pharmaceuticals ):
Rheumatoid Arthritis

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Arthritis
Arthritis, Rheumatoid
Joint Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Rheumatic Diseases
Connective Tissue Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases