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Implications for Treatment of the Metabolic Syndrome

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust Identifier:
First received: April 22, 2008
Last updated: June 8, 2016
Last verified: June 2016
To characterize features of metabolic syndrome in volunteers. To undertake a randomised trial to determine whether treatment with a statin improves muscle microvascular blood flow.

Condition Intervention Phase
Metabolic Syndrome Drug: atorvastatin Drug: placebo Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Implications for Treatment of the Metabolic Syndrome

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Muscle Microvascular Function [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Skeletal muscle microvascular function assessed (Filtrass plethysmographic system) using a passive inductive transducer (Compumedics.dwl, Singen, Germany) and a small pressure step venous congestion protocol. Fluid filtration rate (Jv mL min-1 100 mL-1), measured from the slope of limb volume change in response to each pressure step (10 mmHg steps to 60 mmHg around the thigh) over the last 2 minutes of its application, to allow for completion of vascular filling, and plotted against cuff pressure (Pcuff). The slope of this relationship, at pressures above those giving rise to net filtration, is a measure of Kf, microvascular filtration capacity, a function of exchange surface area and permeability. The CV for Kf measurement was 14.5%.

  • Insulin Sensitivity Index [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Insulin sensitivity index was assessed during the final steady state 30 minutes of a high dose hyperinsulinaemic euglycaemic clamp (insulin infusion rate 1.5 mIU/kg/min). During this part of the clamp, insulin was infused at 1.5mIU/kg/min and the glucose concentration was maintained at 5 mmol/L using a dextrose infusion. The whole body insulin mediated glucose disposal rate (M value - mg/kg/min) was estimated from the total amount of glucose infused during the last 30 minutes of the clamp. The mean of four serum insulin concentrations was taken during this 30 minutes to determine the steady state insulin concentration (I value - milliunits/litre). M value/I value defined the insulin sensitivity index.

Enrollment: 40
Study Start Date: February 2006
Study Completion Date: February 2008
Primary Completion Date: February 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Atorvastatin
Active arm atorvastatin 40 mg. o.d.
Drug: atorvastatin
40 m.g. o.d. tablets for 6 months
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Placebo arm dummy pill
Drug: placebo

Detailed Description:

To characterise features of the metabolic syndrome, including body fat, insulin sensitivity, and liver fat together with muscle micorvascular blood flow.

To undertake a randomised controlled trial of atorvastatin 40 mg. o.d for 6 months to determine whether any of the above measures change with treatment.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Body mass index (BMI) 20-35 kg/m^2" and "> 3 criteria for the metabolic syndrome , one of which will be hypertriglyceridaemia, i.e. fasting plasma triglycerides >2.0 mmol/L - a cardinal lipid abnormality of the syndrome

NCEP III ATP metabolic syndrome criteria are:

Waist greater than or equal to 102 cm BP greater than 130 / 85 TG greater than or equal to 1.7mmol/l Glucose greater than or equal to 6.1 mmol/l HDL less than 1.0 mmol/l

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Aged <18 years
  • >75 years
  Contacts and Locations
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No Contacts or Locations Provided
  More Information

Responsible Party: University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust Identifier: NCT00666029     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 4-2-65 (Version 4. 2007-07-03)
05/Q1704/38 ( Other Identifier: Research Ethics Committee )
RHM MED 0572 ( Other Identifier: Southampton University Hospitals Trust R&D )
2005-000512-28 ( EudraCT Number )
Study First Received: April 22, 2008
Results First Received: April 21, 2016
Last Updated: June 8, 2016
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Keywords provided by University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust:
metabolic syndrome
Volunteers recruited from the community

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Metabolic Syndrome X
Pathologic Processes
Insulin Resistance
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Atorvastatin Calcium
Anticholesteremic Agents
Hypolipidemic Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Lipid Regulating Agents
Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors processed this record on August 18, 2017