Evaluating Alternative Aftercare Models for Ex-Offenders

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Leonard Jason, DePaul University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00664092
First received: April 18, 2008
Last updated: February 10, 2015
Last verified: February 2015
  Purpose

The primary aim of this project is to study more closely the role played by post-release aftercare in the outcomes of criminal offenders who received in-prison substance abuse treatment. Prison-based therapeutic communities (TC) (Pelissier et al., 2001; Wexler, 1995) have demonstrated efficacy, especially when combined with post-release TC aftercare (Melnick et al., 2001). The aims of this project are important from a public health perspective as there may be treatment matching, case management, and financing factors that could be manipulated to enhance the cost-effectiveness of community-based substance abuse treatment for offenders leaving prison. It is possible that both TC and Oxford House(OH) aftercare modalities increase abstinence social support, self-efficacy, and employment, which mediate reductions in drug use, reincarceration, and health problems, but overall benefits are likely to be greater for TCs because they employ professional services and empirically based behavioral strategies. However, OHs might have advantages compared to more traditional post-incarceration modalities (e.g., low costs). Bringing scientific methods to the examination of TCs and the OH community-based recovery models for addiction might help to identify the "active ingredients" of these recovery settings.


Condition Intervention Phase
Usual Aftercare
Oxford House
Therapeutic Community
Other: Residential
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Caregiver)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Evaluating Alternative Aftercare Models for Ex-Offenders

Further study details as provided by DePaul University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Substance Use [ Time Frame: 2 years from baseline ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Criminal Recidivism [ Time Frame: 2 years from baseline ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Health Status [ Time Frame: 2 years from baseline ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 300
Study Start Date: October 2007
Study Completion Date: June 2014
Primary Completion Date: June 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
No Intervention: 1
Usual Aftercare Condition
Experimental: 2
Oxford House Condition
Other: Residential
living in a democratic, resident-run setting
Other Name: Oxford House
Experimental: 3
Therapeutic Community Condition
Other: Residential
Professionally-run substance abuse recovery setting
Other Name: Safe Haven Therapeutic Community

  Show Detailed Description

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • have completed substance abuse treatment program, or attended 12-step program
  • willing to live in a democratic residential setting, and pay rent
  • Released from a prison or jail in the last 6 months

Exclusion Criteria:

  • current substance addict/abuser
  • have previously lived in an Oxford House
  • not planning to go back to their own home or home of a relative following treatment
  • sex offender, fire setter
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00664092

Locations
United States, Illinois
DePaul University
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60614
Sponsors and Collaborators
DePaul University
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Leonard A Jason, Ph.D. DePaul University
Study Director: Dave Mueller, Ph.D. DePaul University
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Leonard Jason, Director Center for Community Research, DePaul University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00664092     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: LJ070306PSY-C1, 5R01DA019935-03
Study First Received: April 18, 2008
Last Updated: February 10, 2015
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by DePaul University:
Substance Abuse
Ex-Offenders
Substance Abuse Recovery

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 01, 2015