This site became the new on June 19th. Learn more.
Show more Menu IMPORTANT: Listing of a study on this site does not reflect endorsement by the National Institutes of Health. Talk with a trusted healthcare professional before volunteering for a study. Read more... Menu IMPORTANT: Talk with a trusted healthcare professional before volunteering for a study. Read more... Menu
Give us feedback

Evaluating Alternative Aftercare Models for Ex-Offenders

This study has been completed.
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Leonard Jason, DePaul University Identifier:
First received: April 18, 2008
Last updated: February 10, 2015
Last verified: February 2015
The primary aim of this project is to study more closely the role played by post-release aftercare in the outcomes of criminal offenders who received in-prison substance abuse treatment. Prison-based therapeutic communities (TC) (Pelissier et al., 2001; Wexler, 1995) have demonstrated efficacy, especially when combined with post-release TC aftercare (Melnick et al., 2001). The aims of this project are important from a public health perspective as there may be treatment matching, case management, and financing factors that could be manipulated to enhance the cost-effectiveness of community-based substance abuse treatment for offenders leaving prison. It is possible that both TC and Oxford House(OH) aftercare modalities increase abstinence social support, self-efficacy, and employment, which mediate reductions in drug use, reincarceration, and health problems, but overall benefits are likely to be greater for TCs because they employ professional services and empirically based behavioral strategies. However, OHs might have advantages compared to more traditional post-incarceration modalities (e.g., low costs). Bringing scientific methods to the examination of TCs and the OH community-based recovery models for addiction might help to identify the "active ingredients" of these recovery settings.

Condition Intervention Phase
Usual Aftercare Oxford House Therapeutic Community Other: Residential Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment
Masking: Single (Care Provider)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Evaluating Alternative Aftercare Models for Ex-Offenders

Further study details as provided by Leonard Jason, DePaul University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Substance Use [ Time Frame: 2 years from baseline ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Criminal Recidivism [ Time Frame: 2 years from baseline ]
  • Health Status [ Time Frame: 2 years from baseline ]

Enrollment: 300
Study Start Date: October 2007
Study Completion Date: June 2014
Primary Completion Date: June 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
No Intervention: 1
Usual Aftercare Condition
Experimental: 2
Oxford House Condition
Other: Residential
living in a democratic, resident-run setting
Other Name: Oxford House
Experimental: 3
Therapeutic Community Condition
Other: Residential
Professionally-run substance abuse recovery setting
Other Name: Safe Haven Therapeutic Community

  Show Detailed Description


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • have completed substance abuse treatment program, or attended 12-step program
  • willing to live in a democratic residential setting, and pay rent
  • Released from a prison or jail in the last 6 months

Exclusion Criteria:

  • current substance addict/abuser
  • have previously lived in an Oxford House
  • not planning to go back to their own home or home of a relative following treatment
  • sex offender, fire setter
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00664092

United States, Illinois
DePaul University
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60614
Sponsors and Collaborators
DePaul University
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Principal Investigator: Leonard A Jason, Ph.D. DePaul University
Study Director: Dave Mueller, Ph.D. DePaul University
  More Information

Responsible Party: Leonard Jason, Director Center for Community Research, DePaul University Identifier: NCT00664092     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: LJ070306PSY-C1
5R01DA019935-03 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
Study First Received: April 18, 2008
Last Updated: February 10, 2015

Keywords provided by Leonard Jason, DePaul University:
Substance Abuse
Substance Abuse Recovery processed this record on August 22, 2017