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A Study of Intravenous Mircera in Hemodialysis Patients With Chronic Renal Anemia

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Hoffmann-La Roche
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00661505
First received: April 16, 2008
Last updated: June 13, 2017
Last verified: May 2017
  Purpose
This single arm study will assess the efficacy, safety and tolerability of once-monthly administration of intravenous Mircera for the maintenance of hemoglobin levels in hemodialysis patients with chronic renal anemia. Patients will receive 4-weekly intravenous injections of Mircera, at a starting dose of 120, 200 or 360 micrograms. The anticipated time on study treatment is 3-12 months, and the target sample size is 100-500 individuals.

Condition Intervention Phase
Anemia Drug: methoxy polyethylene glycol-epoetin beta Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Single Arm Open Label Study to Assess the Efficacy, Safety and Tolerability of Once-monthly Administration of Intravenous C.E.R.A. for the Maintenance of Haemoglobin Levels in Haemodialysis Patients With Chronic Renal Anaemia.

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Hoffmann-La Roche:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Percentage of Participants Who Maintained Their Mean Hemoglobin Concentration Within +/- 1.0 Gram/Deciliter of Their Reference Hemoglobin Concentration and Between 10.0 and 12.0 Gram/Deciliter During the Efficacy Evaluation Period [ Time Frame: EEP (Week 16 to Week 24) ]
    The reference hemoglobin (Hb) value was taken as the time adjusted average of all Hb assessments during the SVP (Week -4 to Week 0). The time adjusted average Hb concentration of all the values recorded during the efficacy evaluation period (EEP) was calculated for each participant and their reference Hb concentration was subtracted from this value. The percentage of participants maintaining their average Hb concentration during the EEP within +/- 1 gram/deciliter (g/dL) of their reference Hb concentration and between the Hb range 10.0 -12.0 g/dL is presented. The EEP was defined as Week 16 to Week 24. Data missing at the end of the EEP was handled using the last value carried forward method, including any data missing due to withdrawal of participants following red blood cells (RBC) transfusion.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Mean Change in Hemoglobin Concentration Between the Stability Verification Period and the Efficacy Evaluation Period [ Time Frame: SVP (Week -4 to Week 0) and EEP (Week 16 to Week 24) ]
    The mean change in the time-adjusted average Hb concentration between the two study periods The Stability Verification Period (SVP) and EEP is presented. The SVP was defined as Week -4 to Week 0. The EEP was defined as Week 16 to Week 24.

  • Percentage of Participants Maintaining Hemoglobin Concentration Within the Range of 10.0-12.0 Gram/Deciliter Throughout the Efficacy Evaluation Period [ Time Frame: EEP (Week 16 to Week 24) ]
    The time adjusted average Hb concentration of all the values recorded during the EEP was calculated for each participant. The percentage of participants maintaining their average Hb concentration during the EEP within the Hb concentration range of 10.0-12.0 g/dL is presented. The EEP was defined as Week 16 to Week 24.

  • Median Time Spent in the Hemoglobin Range 10.0-12.0 Gram/Deciliter During the Efficacy Evaluation Period [ Time Frame: EEP (Week 16 to Week 24) ]
    The Hb concentration was recorded for all the participants during the EEP. The median time spent (in days) by participants in the target range (10.0-12.0 g/dL) during the EEP is presented. The EEP was defined as Week 16 to Week 24.

  • Mean C.E.R.A. Dose Required to Maintain Hemoglobin Level Within the Range 10.0-12.0 Gram/Deciliter Throughout the Efficacy Evaluation Period [ Time Frame: EEP (Week 16 to Week 20) ]
    The mean dose of C.E.R.A. required to maintain Hb level between 10.0-12.0 g/dL during the EEP was calculated per participant and then summarized. The EEP was defined as Week 16 to Week 24. However, C.E.R.A. was not administered at the Week 24 visit. Therefore, the time period for calculation of mean C.E.R.A. dose during EEP is from Week 16 to Week 20.

  • Percentage of Participants Requiring Any Dose Adjustments in C.E.R.A. During the Dose Titration Period and Efficacy Evaluation Period [ Time Frame: DTP (Week 1 to Week 16), EEP (Week 16 to Week 24) ]
    Dose adjustments were necessary when Hb increased or decreased by a clinically significant amount. The dose of C.E.R.A. was adjusted to maintain the individual participant's Hb within a range of +/- 1.0 g/dL of the reference Hb concentration and between 10.0 and 12.0 g/dL throughout the dose titration period (DTP) and the EEP (Week 1 to Week 24). The reference Hb value was taken as the time adjusted average of all Hb assessments during the SVP (Week -4 to Week 0).

  • Mean Monthly Dose of C.E.R.A. During the Dose Titration Period and Efficacy Evaluation Period [ Time Frame: DTP (Week 1 to Week 16), EEP (Week 16 to Week 24) ]
    The mean monthly dose of C.E.R.A. administered during the DTP and EEP was calculated per participant and then summarized.

  • Mean Change From Baseline in Erythrocyte Mean Corpuscular Volume at Week 16 and Week 24 [ Time Frame: BL (Week -4 to Week 0), Week 16, and Week 24 ]
    Mean change from Baseline in erythrocyte mean corpuscular volume (MCV) was calculated as the value at a specific week during the study minus the BL value. The Baseline was defined as Week -4 to Week 0.

  • Mean Change From Baseline in Hematocrit at Week 16 and Week 24 [ Time Frame: BL (Week -4 to Week 0), Week 16, and Week 24 ]
    The hematocrit, also called packed cell volume or erythrocyte volume fraction, is the volume percentage of red blood cells in the blood. Mean change from Baseline (BL) in hematocrit was calculated as the value at a specific week during the study minus the BL value. The BL was defined as Week -4 to Week 0.

  • Mean Change From Baseline in Hemoglobin at Week 16 and Week 24 [ Time Frame: BL (Week -4 to Week 0), Week 16, and Week 24 ]
    Mean change from BL in hemoglobin was calculated as the value at a specific week during the study minus the BL value. The BL was defined as Week -4 to Week 0.

  • Mean Change From Baseline in Leucocytes and Platelet at Week 16 and Week 24 [ Time Frame: BL (Week -4 to Week 0), Week 16, and Week 24 ]
    Mean change from BL in for each parameter (leucocytes and platelet) was calculated as the value at a specific week during the study minus the BL value. The BL was defined as Week -4 to Week 0.

  • Mean Change From Baseline in Ferritin at Week 16 and Week 24 [ Time Frame: BL (Week -4 to Week 0), Week 16, and Week 24 ]
    Mean change from BL in ferritin was calculated as the value at a specific week during the study minus the BL value. The BL was defined as Week -4 to Week 0.

  • Mean Change From Baseline in Iron, Total Iron Binding Capacity, and Creatinine at Week 16 and Week 24 [ Time Frame: BL (Week -4 to Week 0), Week 16, and Week 24 ]
    Mean change from BL in each parameter [iron, total iron binding capacity (TIBC), and creatinine] was calculated as the value at a specific week during the study minus the BL value. The BL was defined as Week -4 to Week 0.

  • Mean Change From Baseline in Transferrin and Albumin at Week 16 and Week 24 [ Time Frame: BL (Week -4 to Week 0), Week 16, and Week 24 ]
    Mean change from BL in each parameter (transferrin and albumin) was calculated as the value at a specific week during the study minus the BL value. The BL was defined as Week -4 to Week 0.

  • Mean Change From Baseline in Transferrin Saturation at Week 16 and Week 24 [ Time Frame: BL (Week -4 to Week 0), Week 16, and Week 24 ]
    Mean change from BL in transferrin saturation (TSAT) was calculated as the value at a specific week during the study minus the BL value. The BL was defined as Week -4 to Week 0.

  • Mean Change From Baseline in C-Reactive Protein at Week 16 and Week 24 [ Time Frame: BL (Week -4 to Week 0), Week 16, and Week 24 ]
    Mean change from BL in C-reactive protein was calculated as the value at a specific week during the study minus the BL value. The BL was defined as Week -4 to Week 0.

  • Mean Change From Baseline in Phosphate and Potassium at Week 16 and Week 24 [ Time Frame: BL (Week -4 to Week 0), Week 16, and Week 24 ]
    Mean change from BL in each parameter (phosphate and potassium) was calculated as the value at a specific week during the study minus the BL value. The BL was defined as Week -4 to Week 0.

  • Mean Change From Baseline in Weight at Week 16 and Week 24 [ Time Frame: BL (Week -4 to Week 0), Week 16, and Week 24 ]
    Mean change from BL in weight was calculated as the value at a specific week during the study minus the BL value. The BL was defined as Week -4 to Week 0.

  • Mean Change in From Baseline in Blood Pressure at Week 16 and Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline (Week -4 to Week 0), Week 16, and Week 24 ]
    Systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) were measured before blood sampling and C.E.R.A. administration. Blood pressure was assessed both before and after the dialysis session for participants undergoing hemodialysis. Change from BL in blood pressure was calculated as the value at a specific week (W) during the study minus the BL value. The baseline was defined as Week -4 to Week 0.

  • Number of Participants Taking Concomitant Medications [ Time Frame: Up to Week 28 ]
    The number of participants taking different classes of concomitant medications at any time following enrollment into the study is presented.

  • Number of Participants With Any Adverse Events and Serious Adverse Events [ Time Frame: Up to Week 28 ]
    An adverse event (AE) is any untoward medical occurrence in a participant who is administered a pharmaceutical product and which does not necessarily have to have a causal relationship with this treatment. An AE can therefore be any unfavorable and unintended sign (including an abnormal laboratory finding), symptom, or disease temporally associated with the use of a medicinal product, whether or not considered related to the medicinal product. A serious adverse event (SAE) is any untoward medical occurrence that at any dose results in death, are life threatening, requires hospitalization or prolongation of hospitalization or results in disability/incapacity, and congenital anomaly/birth defect.

  • Number of Participants With Reports of Anti-erythropoietin Antibodies [ Time Frame: Up to Week 24 ]
    The number of participants with Anti-epoetin antibodies is presented.

  • Number of Participants Who Received Red Blood Cell Transfusions During the Dose Titration Period and Efficacy Evaluation Period [ Time Frame: Week 1 to Week 24 ]
    Red blood cell transfusions were permitted during the DTP and EEP (Week 1 to Week 24) in case of medical need. All participants requiring a blood transfusion were withdrawn from the study. The number of participants who were administered RBC transfusions during the DTP and EEP is presented.


Enrollment: 132
Actual Study Start Date: May 31, 2008
Study Completion Date: June 30, 2010
Primary Completion Date: June 30, 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: C.E.R.A. 120, 200, or 360 mcg
Eligible participants were administered Continuous Erythropoietin Receptor Activator (C.E.R.A.) at a dose of 120, 200, or 360 microgram (mcg), intravenously (IV), every 4 weeks i.e. Weeks 4, 8, 12, 16 and 20 but not on Weeks 24 and 28. The initial dose of C.E.R.A.was based on the last dose of the previous Erythropoiesis Stimulating Agent (ESA). The ESA therapy was administered from enrollment to the 4 weeks stability verification period (SVP), weekly, either as epoetin (<8000 IU, 8000-16000 IU, or >16000 IU) or darbepoetin alpha (<40 mcg, 40-80 mcg, or >80 mcg). A telephone follow-up visit took place 4 weeks after the end of C.E.R.A. treatment (Week 28).
Drug: methoxy polyethylene glycol-epoetin beta
120, 200 or 360 micrograms iv every 4 weeks (starting dose)

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • adult patients, >= 18 years of age;
  • chronic renal anemia;
  • continuous stable iv or sc maintenance epoetin therapy during previous 4 weeks;
  • regular long-term hemodialysis therapy with the same mode of dialysis for previous 3 months.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • transfusion of red blood cells during previous 2 months;
  • poorly controlled hypertension requiring hospitalization or interruption of epoetin treatment in previous 6 months;
  • significant acute or chronic bleeding.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00661505

Locations
Turkey
Cukurova University Medical Faculty; Internal Medicine
Adana, Turkey, 01330
Ankara Research and Training Hospital; The Clinic of Nephrology
Ankara, Turkey, 06100
Ankara University School of Medicine; Nephrology
Ankara, Turkey, 06100
Faith University School of Medicine; Nephrology
Ankara, Turkey, 06100
Hacettepe University Medical Faculty; Department of Internal Medicine
Ankara, Turkey, 06100
Baskent University Hospital; Transplantation
Ankara, Turkey, 06490
Gazi University School of Medicine; Nephrology
Ankara, Turkey, 06500
Adnan Menderes Uni School of Medicine; Physical Therapy & Rehabilitation
Aydin, Turkey, 09100
Dicle Uni Medical Faculty; Internal Medicine
Diyarbakir, Turkey, 10000
Trakya University Medical Faculty; Internal Medicine; Nephrology
Edirne, Turkey, 22030
Firat Uni School Of Medicine; Nephrology
Elazig, Turkey, 23110
Ataturk University Medical Faculty; Department of Internal Medicine
Erzurum, Turkey, 25240
Sisli Etfal Research and Training Hospital; The Clinic of Nephrology
Istanbul, Turkey, 34377
Istanbul University Istanbul Medical Faculty; Department of Internal Medicine
Istanbul, Turkey, 34390
Marmara Uni School of Medicine; Nephrology
Istanbul, Turkey, 34662
Izmir Ataturk Research and Training Hospital; The Clinic of Nephrology
Izmir, Turkey, 35290
Dokuz Eylul University School of Medicine; Nephrology
Izmir, Turkey
Erciyes University School of Medicine; Nephrology
Kayseri, Turkey, 38039
Inonu Uni School of Medicine
Malatya, Turkey, 44300
Mersin University Medical Faculty
Mersin, Turkey, 33169
Sponsors and Collaborators
Hoffmann-La Roche
Investigators
Study Director: Clinical Trials Hoffmann-La Roche
  More Information

Responsible Party: Hoffmann-La Roche
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00661505     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ML21096
Study First Received: April 16, 2008
Results First Received: June 8, 2016
Last Updated: June 13, 2017

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Anemia
Hematologic Diseases
Epoetin Alfa
Hematinics

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 18, 2017