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Phase IIa Study of Fomepizole for Acetaldehyde Toxicity After Ethanol Exposure in Subjects With Altered Ethanol Metabolism

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00661141
First Posted: April 18, 2008
Last Update Posted: September 15, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Horizon Pharma USA, Inc.
  Purpose
This trial will evaluate if fomepizole (4-methylpyrazole) can treat symptoms associated with alcohol intolerance due to aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) deficiency, an inherited metabolic disorder. These symptoms include flushing, nausea, headache, shortness of breath and dizziness, resulting from exposure to acetaldehyde, the primary metabolite of ethanol. Long-term, serious health risks have been associated with repeated exposure to acetaldehyde, a carcinogen, among ALDH2-deficient individuals.

Condition Intervention Phase
Aldehyde Dehydrogenase-2 (ALDH2) Deficiency Drug: Antizol Drug: Placebo Other: Ethanol Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase IIa, Prospective, Randomized, Blinded, Intra-Subject Controlled, Single Dose, Dose Escalation Study of Antizol® for Mitigation of Acetaldehyde Related Toxicity in Human Subjects With Symptoms of Inborn Altered Ethanol Metabolism With Concomitant Ethanol Exposure

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Horizon Pharma USA, Inc.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Participants With Adverse Events (AEs), Serious AEs, and AEs Leading to Study Discontinuation [ Time Frame: Study Day 0 through Study Visit Day 7 ]
    AEs were collected to evaluate the safety and tolerability of oral Antizol with concomitant ethanol administration in particitpants with symptoms of acetaldehyde toxicity associated with altered ethanol metabolism. AE: any untoward medical event that occurs following the first administration of study medication until the study participant's last study visit, whether or not the event is considered drug related. SAE: an event that meets any of the following criteria: results in death; is life threatening; requires inpatient hospitalization or prolongation of an existing hospitalization; results in persistent or significant disability/incapacity; is a congenital anomaly/birth defect in the offspring of an exposed subject; is medically significant or an important medical event as assessed by investigator or sponsor; is, in the opinion of the investigator, an important medical event.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Pharmacokinetics (PK) of 4-MP: Maximum Plasma Concentration (Cmax) [ Time Frame: Days 1 and 2: prior to administration of 1st treatment (ethanol or study drug); 10, 20, and 30 min prior to administration of second treatment (study drug or ethanol); 40, 50, 60 min and 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 8 hr post administration of 1st treatment ]
  • PK of 4-MP: Dose-Normalized (DN) Cmax [ Time Frame: Days 1 and 2: prior to administration of 1st treatment (ethanol or study drug); 10, 20, and 30 min prior to administration of second treatment (study drug or ethanol); 40, 50, 60 min and 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 8 hr post administration of 1st treatment ]
  • PK of 4-MP: Time to Cmax (Tmax) [ Time Frame: Days 1 and 2: prior to administration of 1st treatment (ethanol or study drug); 10, 20, and 30 min prior to administration of second treatment (study drug or ethanol); 40, 50, 60 min and 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 8 hr post administration of 1st treatment ]
  • PK of 4-MP: Area Under the Plasma Concentration-Time Curve (AUC), Calculated to the Last Measured Concentration (AUC[0-t]) [ Time Frame: Days 1 and 2: prior to administration of 1st treatment (ethanol or study drug); 10, 20, and 30 min prior to administration of second treatment (study drug or ethanol); 40, 50, 60 min and 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 8 hr post administration of 1st treatment ]
  • PK of 4-MP: DN AUC(0-t) [ Time Frame: Days 1 and 2: prior to administration of 1st treatment (ethanol or study drug); 10, 20, and 30 min prior to administration of second treatment (study drug or ethanol); 40, 50, 60 min and 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 8 hr post administration of 1st treatment ]
  • PK of 4-MP: AUC, From Time 0 Extrapolated to Infinite Time (AUC[0-∞]) [ Time Frame: Days 1 and 2: prior to administration of 1st treatment (ethanol or study drug); 10, 20, and 30 min prior to administration of second treatment (study drug or ethanol); 40, 50, 60 min and 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 8 hr post administration of 1st treatment ]
  • PK of 4-MP: DN AUC(0-∞) [ Time Frame: Days 1 and 2: prior to administration of 1st treatment (ethanol or study drug); 10, 20, and 30 min prior to administration of second treatment (study drug or ethanol); 40, 50, 60 min and 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 8 hr post administration of 1st treatment ]
  • PK of 4-MP: Percentage of AUC0-∞ Obtained by Extrapolation (AUC%Extrap) [ Time Frame: Days 1 and 2: prior to administration of 1st treatment (ethanol or study drug); 10, 20, and 30 min prior to administration of second treatment (study drug or ethanol); 40, 50, 60 min and 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 8 hr post administration of 1st treatment ]
  • PK of 4-MP: Half-Life (T1/2) [ Time Frame: Days 1 and 2: prior to administration of 1st treatment (ethanol or study drug); 10, 20, and 30 min prior to administration of second treatment (study drug or ethanol); 40, 50, 60 min and 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 8 hr post administration of 1st treatment ]
  • PK of 4-MP: Apparent Clearance (CL/F) [ Time Frame: Days 1 and 2: prior to administration of 1st treatment (ethanol or study drug); 10, 20, and 30 min prior to administration of second treatment (study drug or ethanol); 40, 50, 60 min and 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 8 hr post administration of 1st treatment ]
  • PK of 4-MP: Apparent Volume of Distribution During Terminal Phase (Vz/F) [ Time Frame: Days 1 and 2: prior to administration of 1st treatment (ethanol or study drug); 10, 20, and 30 min prior to administration of second treatment (study drug or ethanol); 40, 50, 60 min and 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 8 hr post administration of 1st treatment ]
  • PK of Ethanol: Cmax [ Time Frame: Days 1 and 2: prior to administration of 1st treatment (ethanol or study drug); 10, 20, and 30 min prior to administration of second treatment (study drug or ethanol); 40, 50, 60 min and 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 8 hr post administration of 1st treatment ]
  • PK of Ethanol: DN Cmax [ Time Frame: Days 1 and 2: prior to administration of 1st treatment (ethanol or study drug); 10, 20, and 30 min prior to administration of second treatment (study drug or ethanol); 40, 50, 60 min and 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 8 hr post administration of 1st treatment ]
  • PK of Ethanol: Tmax [ Time Frame: Days 1 and 2: prior to administration of 1st treatment (ethanol or study drug); 10, 20, and 30 min prior to administration of second treatment (study drug or ethanol); 40, 50, 60 min and 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 8 hr post administration of 1st treatment ]
  • PK of Ethanol: AUC(0-t) [ Time Frame: Days 1 and 2: prior to administration of 1st treatment (ethanol or study drug); 10, 20, and 30 min prior to administration of second treatment (study drug or ethanol); 40, 50, 60 min and 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 8 hr post administration of 1st treatment ]
  • PK of Ethanol: DN AUC(0-t) [ Time Frame: Days 1 and 2: prior to administration of 1st treatment (ethanol or study drug); 10, 20, and 30 min prior to administration of second treatment (study drug or ethanol); 40, 50, 60 min and 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 8 hr post administration of 1st treatment ]
  • PK of Ethanol: AUC(0-∞) [ Time Frame: Days 1 and 2: prior to administration of 1st treatment (ethanol or study drug); 10, 20, and 30 min prior to administration of second treatment (study drug or ethanol); 40, 50, 60 min and 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 8 hr post administration of 1st treatment ]
  • PK of Ethanol: DN AUC(0-∞) [ Time Frame: Days 1 and 2: prior to administration of 1st treatment (ethanol or study drug); 10, 20, and 30 min prior to administration of second treatment (study drug or ethanol); 40, 50, 60 min and 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 8 hr post administration of 1st treatment ]
  • PK of Ethanol: AUC%Extrap [ Time Frame: Days 1 and 2: prior to administration of 1st treatment (ethanol or study drug); 10, 20, and 30 min prior to administration of second treatment (study drug or ethanol); 40, 50, 60 min and 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 8 hr post administration of 1st treatment ]
  • PK of Ethanol: T1/2 [ Time Frame: Days 1 and 2: prior to administration of 1st treatment (ethanol or study drug); 10, 20, and 30 min prior to administration of second treatment (study drug or ethanol); 40, 50, 60 min and 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 8 hr post administration of 1st treatment ]
  • PK of Ethanol: CL/F [ Time Frame: Days 1 and 2: prior to administration of 1st treatment (ethanol or study drug); 10, 20, and 30 min prior to administration of second treatment (study drug or ethanol); 40, 50, 60 min and 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 8 hr post administration of 1st treatment ]
  • PK of Ethanol: Vz/F [ Time Frame: Days 1 and 2: prior to administration of 1st treatment (ethanol or study drug); 10, 20, and 30 min prior to administration of second treatment (study drug or ethanol); 40, 50, 60 min and 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 8 hr post administration of 1st treatment ]
  • PK of Acetaldehyde: Cmax [ Time Frame: Days 1 and 2: prior to administration of 1st treatment (ethanol or study drug); 10, 20, and 30 min prior to administration of second treatment (study drug or ethanol); 40, 50, 60 min and 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 8 hr post administration of 1st treatment ]
  • PK of Acetaldehyde: DN Cmax [ Time Frame: Days 1 and 2: prior to administration of 1st treatment (ethanol or study drug); 10, 20, and 30 min prior to administration of second treatment (study drug or ethanol); 40, 50, 60 min and 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 8 hr post administration of 1st treatment ]
  • PK of Acetaldehyde: Tmax [ Time Frame: Days 1 and 2: prior to administration of 1st treatment (ethanol or study drug); 10, 20, and 30 min prior to administration of second treatment (study drug or ethanol); 40, 50, 60 min and 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 8 hr post administration of 1st treatment ]
  • PK of Acetaldehyde: AUC(0-t) [ Time Frame: Days 1 and 2: prior to administration of 1st treatment (ethanol or study drug); 10, 20, and 30 min prior to administration of second treatment (study drug or ethanol); 40, 50, 60 min and 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 8 hr post administration of 1st treatment ]
  • PK of Acetaldehyde: DN AUC(0-t) [ Time Frame: Days 1 and 2: prior to administration of 1st treatment (ethanol or study drug); 10, 20, and 30 min prior to administration of second treatment (study drug or ethanol); 40, 50, 60 min and 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 8 hr post administration of 1st treatment ]
  • PK of Acetaldehyde: AUC(0-∞) [ Time Frame: Days 1 and 2: prior to administration of 1st treatment (ethanol or study drug); 10, 20, and 30 min prior to administration of second treatment (study drug or ethanol); 40, 50, 60 min and 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 8 hr post administration of 1st treatment ]
  • PK of Acetaldehyde: DN AUC(0-∞) [ Time Frame: Days 1 and 2: prior to administration of 1st treatment (ethanol or study drug); 10, 20, and 30 min prior to administration of second treatment (study drug or ethanol); 40, 50, 60 min and 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 8 hr post administration of 1st treatment ]
  • PK of Acetaldehyde: AUC%Extrap [ Time Frame: Days 1 and 2: prior to administration of 1st treatment (ethanol or study drug); 10, 20, and 30 min prior to administration of second treatment (study drug or ethanol); 40, 50, 60 min and 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 8 hr post administration of 1st treatment ]
  • PK of Acetaldehyde: T1/2 [ Time Frame: Days 1 and 2: prior to administration of 1st treatment (ethanol or study drug); 10, 20, and 30 min prior to administration of second treatment (study drug or ethanol); 40, 50, 60 min and 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 8 hr post administration of 1st treatment ]

Enrollment: 32
Study Start Date: April 2008
Study Completion Date: June 2008
Primary Completion Date: June 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Cohort 1: Antizol 1.0 mg/kg
Participants receive alternating study treatment (oral fomepizole 1.0 mg/kg or placebo) on 2 sequential days (Study Day 1 and Study Day 2), administered 30 minutes prior to ethanol or 30 minutes after ethanol.
Drug: Antizol
Other Names:
  • fomepizole
  • 4-methylpyrazole
  • 4-MP
Drug: Placebo Other: Ethanol
oral dose of ethanol (0.5 g/kg)
Experimental: Cohort 2: Antizol 3.0 mg/kg
Participants receive alternating study treatment (oral fomepizole 3.0 mg/kg or placebo) on 2 sequential days (Study Day 1 and Study Day 2), administered 30 minutes prior to ethanol or 30 minutes after ethanol.
Drug: Antizol
Other Names:
  • fomepizole
  • 4-methylpyrazole
  • 4-MP
Drug: Placebo Other: Ethanol
oral dose of ethanol (0.5 g/kg)
Experimental: Cohort 3: Antizol 5.0 mg/kg
Participants receive alternating study treatment (oral fomepizole 5.0 mg/kg or placebo) on 2 sequential days (Study Day 1 and Study Day 2), administered 30 minutes prior to ethanol.
Drug: Antizol
Other Names:
  • fomepizole
  • 4-methylpyrazole
  • 4-MP
Drug: Placebo Other: Ethanol
oral dose of ethanol (0.5 g/kg)
Experimental: Cohort 4: Antizol 1.0 mg/kg
Participants receive alternating study treatment (oral fomepizole 7.0 mg/kg or placebo) on 2 sequential days (Study Day 1 and Study Day 2), administered 30 minutes prior to ethanol.
Drug: Antizol
Other Names:
  • fomepizole
  • 4-methylpyrazole
  • 4-MP
Drug: Placebo Other: Ethanol
oral dose of ethanol (0.5 g/kg)

Detailed Description:
Approximately 32 subjects will be enrolled in ascending dosing cohorts of 8 subjects each. Each subject will receive an oral dose of study drug (fomepizole or placebo) with concomitant ethanol with group assignment in a randomized 1:1:1:1 ratio (2 subjects each group) on Study Day 1. Each subject is their own intra-subject control with the alternative study drug (fomepizole or placebo) administered on the next day (Study Day 2). Four subjects in each cohort will receive study drug (fomepizole or placebo) administered 30 minutes prior to ethanol, 4 with study drug (fomepizole or placebo) administered 30 minutes after ethanol. The study will assess safety and tolerability of fomepizole and the PK/PD of 4-MP, ethanol and acetaldehyde in the subject population.
  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   21 Years to 50 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Signed informed consent
  • Age 21 to 50 years
  • Subject of Japanese descent
  • History of flushing, with or without palpitations, or nausea (Alcohol Sensitivity Screening Test ≥ 3.1) following occasional or inadvertent ethanol consumption either currently or in the past
  • Subjects must be healthy volunteers with no other clinically relevant abnormalities as determined by medical history, blood chemistry, complete blood count (CBC), urinalysis,and 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG)
  • Positive skin ethanol patch test (100 μL of 70% ethanol on a lint pad applied to skin for 7 minutes results in an area of erythema)
  • For Cohort 4, enrolled subjects were either homozygous or heterozygous for the ALDH2*2 genotype as assessed by genotyping at Screening

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Vaccination within 2 weeks of Day 1
  • Current respiratory disease or a past history of chronic respiratory disease, or current smoker within last six months
  • Any one of the following Screening ECG findings:

    • QTc (Bazett) interval duration greater than 450 msec (male) or 470 msec (female), or
    • QRS interval greater than 120 msec, or
    • PR interval greater than 220 msec
  • History or evidence of drug or alcohol abuse or regular consumption of more than 8 units of alcohol daily (1 unit = 300 mL beer, 1 glass wine, 1 measure spirit) or those who may have difficulty abstaining from non study alcohol during the 36 hours prior to dose administration and until completion of blood sampling on Day 7
  • Subjects who have donated blood totalling more than 550 mL within the 3 months prior to Day 1
  • Use of any prescription medication other than oral contraceptives during the 14 days prior to Day 1, unless approved by both the Principal Investigator (PI) and the Sponsor
  • Inability to abstain from smoking any tobacco product from within prior to 2 hours of blood sampling to after 2 hours of blood sampling during the study period.
  • Use of any over-the-counter product, herbal product, diet aid, hormone supplement, etc., within 14 days prior to Day 1 unless approved by both the PI and the Sponsor
  • Chronic use of pain medications
  • Administration of an investigational agent within the last 30 days (or within a period of less than 5 times the agent's half-life, whichever is longer) prior to Day 1
  • Major surgery within 60 days prior to Day 1, or any planned surgery or medical procedure during the study period (through Day 7)
  • Positive alcohol breath-test or Positive drug screen (e.g., opiates, barbiturates, cannabinoids, benzodiazepines, cocaine, amphetamines) during screening or at Day 0 Check-In
  • Known hypersensitivity reaction to Antizol® or other pyrazoles, tomato juice
  • Abnormal laboratory results, including:

    • WBC ≤3.5 × 109/L or neutrophil count ≤2.0 × 10^9/L
    • Hemoglobin <12.0 or >16.0 gm/dL
    • Creatinine ≥2 mg/dL
    • Total bilirubin ≥2 mg/dL
    • Alanine aminotransferase and/or aspartate aminotransferase ≥2 times the upper limit of normal
    • PaO2 ≤95% on room air by pulse oximetry
    • Urine dipstick positive for protein, blood, ketones, glucose or leukocyte esterase
  • Any other clinically significant abnormal result for hematology, clinical chemistry, or urinalysis at screening or check-In
  • Positive serum pregnancy test for females of childbearing potential
  • Subject and/or partner unable or unwilling to use an effective form of barrier contraceptives during the course of the study and for 7 days after study drug administration.
  • Cancer (excluding adequately treated basal cell carcinoma) within the last 5 years
  • Significant past medical history of hepatic, renal, cardiovascular (including family history of prolonged QT syndrome), pulmonary, gastrointestinal, hematological, locomotor, immunologic, ophthalmologic, metabolic endocrine or other diseases; or any condition that in the opinion of the Investigator would complicate or compromise the study, or the well-being of the subject
  • Any other reason, which in the opinion of the Principal Investigator, would prevent the subject from completing or following the study schedule
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00661141


Locations
United States, Hawaii
Covance Honolulu CRU
Honolulu, Hawaii, United States, 96813
Sponsors and Collaborators
Horizon Pharma USA, Inc.
Investigators
Principal Investigator: James Ruckle, MD Covance Honolulu CRU
  More Information

Publications:
Responsible Party: Horizon Pharma USA, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00661141     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: BP1-01-01
First Submitted: April 16, 2008
First Posted: April 18, 2008
Results First Submitted: May 22, 2013
Results First Posted: September 15, 2017
Last Update Posted: September 15, 2017
Last Verified: August 2017

Keywords provided by Horizon Pharma USA, Inc.:
acetaldehyde
ethanol
ALDH2

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Ethanol
Fomepizole
Anti-Infective Agents, Local
Anti-Infective Agents
Central Nervous System Depressants
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antidotes
Protective Agents