Study of Gemcitabine and Carboplatin in the Treatment of Metastatic or Recurrent Cholangiocarcinoma/Gallbladder Cancer

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Washington University School of Medicine Identifier:
First received: April 11, 2008
Last updated: August 9, 2013
Last verified: August 2013
To determine the activity of gemcitabine combined with carboplatin in the treatment of patients with metastatic or recurrent cholangiocarcinoma or gallbladder cancer.

Condition Intervention Phase
Gallbladder Cancer
Drug: Gemcitabine
Drug: Carboplatin
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Study of Gemcitabine and Carboplatin in the Treatment of Metastatic or Recurrent Cholangiocarcinoma/Gallbladder Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Washington University School of Medicine:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • To determine the response rate and time to failure for patients treated with this regimen [ Time Frame: Every 3 cycles for a maximum of 9 cycles ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    1 cycle = 21 days

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • To describe the toxicities associated with gemcitabine and carboplatin in patients with cholangiocarcinoma or gallbladder cancer. [ Time Frame: 30 days after last dose of study drug ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • To assess the clinical benefit, or lack thereof, of chemotherapy on patient's performance status and weight. [ Time Frame: At the end of study treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Time to progression [ Time Frame: Every 3 months until progression ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Survival times [ Time Frame: Every 3 months until patient death ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 49
Study Start Date: March 2002
Study Completion Date: April 2009
Primary Completion Date: January 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Gemcitabine + Carboplatin

Gemcitabine 1000 mg/m2 IV for 30 minutes on days 1 and 8 of 21 day cycle. Maximum of 9 cycles.

Carboplatin AUC 5 IV for 1 hour on day 1 of 21 day cycle. Maximum of 9 cycles.

Drug: Gemcitabine
Other Name: Gemzar
Drug: Carboplatin
Other Names:
  • Paraplatin
  • Paraplatin-AQ

Detailed Description:

Due to better non-hematologic toxicity profile, less need for pre- and post chemotherapy hydration, and tolerability as compared to cisplatin, we propose to combine gemcitabine with carboplatin in the treatment of patients with cholangiocarcinoma and gallbladder carcinoma. In lung cancer, available literature suggests that carboplatin is as efficacious as cisplatin.

Several Phase I, II and III studies using gemcitabine with carboplatin have already been done or are currently ongoing. Phase I studies determined the maximum tolerated doses (MTD) of gemcitabine at 800-1250 mg/m2 days 1 and 8 combined with at AUC of 4-5.5, day 1 of a 21-day cycle.

Initial Phase II studies using a 28-day schedule using gemcitabine on days 1,8 and 15 with carboplatin caused severe thrombocytopenia on day 15 precluding day 15 treatment in over 50% of courses. A Spanish Lung Cancer Group conducted a sequential Phase II trial wherein 52% and 30% of the first 33 patients with lung cancer treated using the 28-day schedule were noted to have Grade 4 thrombocytopenia and neutropenia, respectively. Subsequently, the next 56 patients were treated on the 21-day schedule, and despite a higher dose intensity, response rates were equal (45-48%) with less Grade 4 thrombocytopenia (21%) but similar rates of Grade 4 neutropenia (27%).

A randomized Italian Phase II studies have demonstrated that when gemcitabine was given at doses of 1 g/m2 with carboplatin at AUC of 5 mg/mL/min were tolerable and when compared to gemcitabine and cisplatin caused less non-hematologic toxicities. Current Phase III trials in lung cancer utilizes the 21-day schedule with gemcitabine at 1000 mg/m2 on days 1 and 8 and carboplatin at AUC of 5.5.

Therefore, our proposed schedule will be gemcitabine at 1000 mg/m2 IV over 30 minutes on days 1 and 8 with carboplatin dosed at an AUC of 5 on day 1 of a 21-day cycle.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
  1. Patients must have biopsy-proven locally-advanced, metastatic or recurrent adenocarcinoma of the biliary ducts or gallbladder.
  2. Patients must have measurable disease.
  3. Patients must be 18 years or older.
  4. Patients must have a NCI CTC Performance Status of 0-2.
  5. Patients must have a life expectancy of >= 3 months.
  6. Patients must not have any prior chemotherapy for metastatic disease. Prior adjuvant radiation therapy and chemotherapy with 5FU and/or gemcitabine is allowed.
  7. At least 3 weeks should have elapsed since any surgery requiring general anesthesia.
  8. Patients must have no prior malignancies except for basal or squamous skin cancers, cervical carcinoma-in-situ.
  9. Pregnant patients are not eligible. Non-pregnant status will be determined in all women of childbearing potential. All patients will be required to use an effective means of contraception if sexually active during therapy.
  10. Initial Required Laboratory Values:

    • 1. Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/mm3, platelet count >= 100,000/mm3, and hemoglobin >= 9 g/dL.
    • 2. Serum creatinine should be <= 2 mg/dL.
    • 3. Serum bilirubin should be <= 3.0 mg/dL (biliary stents allowed).
    • 4. Serum transaminases should be <= 5-fold the institutional upper limits.
  11. Patients must not have any co-existing severe medical illnesses, such as unstable angina, uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, uncontrolled arrhythmia or uncontrolled infection.
  12. Patients must be able to sign an informed consent.
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00660140

United States, Missouri
Washington University School of Medicine
St. Louis, Missouri, United States, 63110
Sponsors and Collaborators
Washington University School of Medicine
Principal Investigator: Benjamin Tan, M.D. Washington University School of Medicine
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Washington University School of Medicine Identifier: NCT00660140     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 01-0925 
Study First Received: April 11, 2008
Last Updated: August 9, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by Washington University School of Medicine:

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Gallbladder Neoplasms
Biliary Tract Diseases
Biliary Tract Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Digestive System Neoplasms
Gallbladder Diseases
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Anti-Infective Agents
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents
Antiviral Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Immunologic Factors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Radiation-Sensitizing Agents
Therapeutic Uses processed this record on May 03, 2016