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IVIg Therapy for Patients With Idiopathic Cardiomyopathy and Endomyocardial Biopsy Proven High PVB19 Viral Load

The recruitment status of this study is unknown. The completion date has passed and the status has not been verified in more than two years.
Verified February 2009 by Maastricht University Medical Center.
Recruitment status was:  Recruiting
Information provided by:
Maastricht University Medical Center Identifier:
First received: April 7, 2008
Last updated: February 3, 2009
Last verified: February 2009

Rationale: Parvovirus B19 (PVB19) persistence in the heart has been associated with progressive cardiac dysfunction and evolution to dilated cardiomyopathy.

Objective: Whether high dose of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) in addition to conventional heart failure therapy achieves virus reduction, thereby resulting in improvement of cardiac function.

Study design: A interventional study of virus presence and cardiac functional capacity before and after IVIg therapy.

Study population: Patients with idiopathic cardiomyopathy and symptomatic heart failure for more than 1 year and a significant PVB19 viral load in endomyocardial biopsies (EMB) and treated with high dose of IVIg were included.

Intervention (if applicable): Patients were treated with a total dose of 2 g/kg of immune globulin administered as 0.5 g/kg IV over a period of 6 hours on each of 4 consecutive days.

Main study parameters/endpoints: EMBs: virus (PVB19, enteroviruses, adenoviruses, Epstein-Barr virus, human herpes virus-6 and cytomegalovirus), inflammation (lymphocytes an macrophages) and fibrosis. Cardiac functional capacity: NYHA classification, echocardiographic evaluation (left ventricular ejection fraction, end-systolic diameter, end-diastolic diameter).

Condition Intervention Phase
Heart Failure
Drug: Intravenous immunoglobulin therapy
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Intravenous Immunoglobulin Therapy for Patients With Idiopathic Cardiomyopathy and Endomyocardial Biopsy Proven High PVB19 Viral Load

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Maastricht University Medical Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • viral loads in EMBs before and after therapy [ Time Frame: At baseline and 6 month follow-up ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Echocardiographic analysis, NYHA functional class, type/degree of inflammation and fibrosis in the myocardium. [ Time Frame: at baseline and at 6 month follow-up ]

Estimated Enrollment: 40
Study Start Date: February 2009
Estimated Study Completion Date: August 2010
Estimated Primary Completion Date: February 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: A
Patients with chronic idiopathic cardiomyopathy and EMB proven high PVB19 virus load.
Drug: Intravenous immunoglobulin therapy
Patients received total dose of 2 g/kg of immune globulin administered as 0.5 g/kg IV over a period of 6 hours on each of 3 consecutive days.
Other Name: IVIG


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Idiopathic heart failure <1 year.
  • Optimal conventional heart failure medication <6 months.
  • PVB19 viral load >150copies/mcg DNA in EMBs.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • significant (lesions >50% stenosis) coronary artery disease.
  • significant valvular disease.
  • systemic diseases such as sarcoidosis, giant cell myocarditis, hemochromatosis, or systemic autoimmune diseases.
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00659386

Contact: Robert M Dennert, MD +31433875102

University Hospital Maastricht Recruiting
Maastricht, Netherlands, 6229 HX
Contact: Robert Dennert   
Principal Investigator: Stephane Heymans, PhD, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Maastricht University Medical Center
Principal Investigator: Stephane Heymans, MD, PhD Maastricht University Medical Center
  More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: S. Heymans, Maastricht UMC+ Identifier: NCT00659386     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: MEC 08-4-010
Study First Received: April 7, 2008
Last Updated: February 3, 2009

Keywords provided by Maastricht University Medical Center:
Heart failure
Parvovirus B19
Intravenous immuneglobulin

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Heart Failure
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Immunoglobulins, Intravenous
Rho(D) Immune Globulin
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs processed this record on May 24, 2017