IRS Proteins and Trastuzumab Resistance
Significant progress has been made in the treatment of women with Her2 positive breast cancer who are treated with trastuzumab, a humanized monoclonal antibody that inhibits Her2. Despite this progress not all patients with Her2 positive metastatic breast cancer respond to trastuzumab and patients with metastatic disease who do respond usually develop progressive disease during treatment with trastuzumab. The mechanism of such resistance is unknown. We propose to investigate the mechanism of trastuzumab resistance in Her2 positive breast cancer. The hypothesis to be examined in the basic science section of this study is that IRS-1 and IRS-2 are modifiers of HER2 signaling and that these adapter proteins could be predictive indicators of treatment response to Herceptin in patients that are candidates for this targeted therapy. The connection between IRS-1 and IRS-2 expression and Herceptin response and clinical outcome in HER2 positive human breast tumors will be evaluated to determine if IRS expression correlates with resistance to Herceptin therapy and with the aggressive behavior of these tumors. This study will establish if the IRS proteins influence HER2 function in tumors and if they are predictive markers for evaluating treatment options for HER2 positive patients.
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Case-Only
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||IRS Proteins and Trastuzumab Resistance|
- A tissue acquisition and collection protocol that will analyze potential cellular changes that occur after treatment with trastuzumab to try to elucidate the mechanism of trastuzumab resistance in patients with HER2-positive breast cancer. [ Time Frame: 2-years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||March 2008|
|Study Completion Date:||February 2013|
|Primary Completion Date:||February 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
This is a tissue acquisition and collection protocol that will analyze potential cellular changes that occur after treatment with trastuzumab.
Twenty percent of invasive breast cancers overexpress Her2 neu. These breast cancers are more aggressive with a higher relapse rate and shortened overall survival. Trastuzumab is a humanized monoclonal antibody FDA approved for the treatment of Her2 overexpressing breast cancer. Trastuzumab is an active single agent for treating metastatic breast cancer and when combined with chemotherapy improves time to progression and overall survival in women with metastatic her2 overexpressing breast cancer. In the adjuvant setting recent clinical trials have demonstrated improved relapse free survival in patients with high risk node negative and node positive breast cancer. In the neoadjuvant setting in patients with locally advanced breast cancer the response rates are very high with complete pathologic responses in 50-60 % of patients. Although trastuzumab is an essential agent for optimal treatment of Her2 positive breast cancer, not all patients respond and in the metastatic setting trastuzumab is not curative indicating that resistance develops. The mechanism of such resistance is unknown.
The fact that not all HER2-expressing breast cancer tumors respond to Herceptin treatment, and most tumors eventually develop resistance to this drug, underscores the need for additional research into how HER2 functions to promote aggressive behavior in tumors and why some tumors become resistant to Herceptin. Recent reports have implicated the IGF-1 signaling pathway in both the mechanism of HER2 action and in resistance to Herceptin. The IRS proteins are the major downstream effectors of the IGF-1 receptor and they play a critical role in determining the cellular response to IGF-1 stimulation. Therefore, the IRS proteins may also be signaling modifiers of the HER2 receptor and may contribute to Herceptin resistance that results from compensatory signaling through the IGF-1R.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00657345
|United States, Massachusetts|
|University of Mass Medical School|
|Worcester, Massachusetts, United States, 01655|
|Principal Investigator:||Kathryn L Edmiston, MD||University of Massachusetts, Worcester|