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Exploratory Study of Sunitinib Malate as a Component of Neoadjuvant Therapy for Breast Cancer

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Indiana University Identifier:
First received: April 7, 2008
Last updated: July 21, 2014
Last verified: July 2014
The combination of paclitaxel, doxorubicin, and cyclophosphamide is a standard neoadjuvant (given before surgery) treatment for patients that have either inoperable or operable breast cancer. This treatment can help shrink the tumors so they can be removed to help prevent the cancer from spreading to other parts of the body. This study is being done to test the impact of adding sunitinib as a single-agent (Segment 1), followed by sunitinib plus paclitaxel (Segment 2), followed by doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide (Segment 3). We hope the addition of sunitinib will make the treatment more effective, but we don't know if this is true.

Condition Intervention
Breast Cancer
Drug: sunitinib alone
Drug: sunitinib plus paclitaxel
Drug: doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Exploratory Study of the Biological and Clinical Activity of Sunitinib Malate as a Component of Neoadjuvant Therapy for Breast Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Indiana University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Change in Interstitial Fluid Pressure (IFP) Induced by Sunitinib Monotherapy [ Time Frame: baseline through end of segment 1 (2 weeks) ]
    Participants had their tumor IFP measured at baseline, after sunitinib monotherapy (segment 1) and after sunitinib+paclitaxel (segment 2). This outcome measure is the difference of the mean value from the end of segment 1 (sunitinib monotherapy) and the mean baseline value.

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Change in Interstitial Fluid Pressure (IFP) Induced by Paclitaxel Plus Sunitinib After Sunitinib Monotherapy [ Time Frame: end of cycle 1 (sunitinib monotherapy) to end of cycle 5 (paclitaxel/sunitinib therapy) (112 days) ]
    Participants had their tumor IFP measured at baseline, after sunitinib monotherapy (segment 1) and after sunitinib+paclitaxel (segment 2). This outcome measure is the difference of the mean value from the end of segment 2 (paclitaxel/sunitinib therapy through cycle 5) and end of segment 1 (sunitinib monotherapy) mean value.

  • Pathological Complete Response (pCR) Rate for Patients Treated With Sunitinib/Paclitaxel Followed by AC as Neoadjuvant Therapy for Breast Cancer [ Time Frame: screening through surgery ]
  • To Evaluate the Safety of Paclitaxel Plus Sunitinib When Given in Combination as Neoadjuvant Therapy [ Time Frame: end of cycle 1 (sunitinib monotherapy) to end of cycle 5 (paclitaxel/sunitinib therapy) ]
    This measure determines the number of patients who had Grade 3/4 Adverse Events that were related to treatment while the patient was on paclitaxel plus sunitinib.

Enrollment: 23
Study Start Date: April 2008
Study Completion Date: September 2010
Primary Completion Date: September 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: 1
The study will be conducted in 3 sequential treatment segments.
Drug: sunitinib alone
sunitinib alone (segment 1): During the first segment, patients will receive single-agent sunitinib for 2 weeks.
Drug: sunitinib plus paclitaxel
sunitinib plus paclitaxel (Segment 2): Following Segment 1, patients will begin the second segment, 4 cycles (16 weeks) of neoadjuvant treatment with the combination of sunitinib and paclitaxel.
Drug: doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide
doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide (Segment 3): Following Segment 2, patients will receive 4 cycles (8 weeks) of neoadjuvant treatment with AC.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients must have histologically-confirmed adenocarcinoma of the breast with operable or inoperable stage 1c (primary tumor > 1.0 cm), II or III disease.
  2. Measurable disease by physical examinations or diagnostic breast imaging (mammography, ultrasonography or MR).
  3. Pre-treatment core or incisional biopsy. Patients may not have had definitive primary surgery.
  4. Male or female, 18 years of age or older.
  5. ECOG performance status 0 or 1.
  6. Adequate organ function as defined in the protocol.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Prior radiation therapy, cytotoxic therapy or systemic therapy for breast cancer. Prior use of tamoxifen or raloxifene as chemoprevention is allowed but must be discontinued prior to study entry.
  2. Metastatic (Stage IV) breast cancer
  3. Patients who have had only a pre-treatment fine needle aspiration (FNA) are excluded.
  4. Current therapeutic treatment on another clinical trial with an investigational agent.
  5. Any of the following within the 6 months prior to starting study treatment: -myocardial infarction -severe/unstable angina -coronary/peripheral artery bypass graft -congestive heart failure -cerebrovascular accident including transient ischemic attack -pulmonary embolus
  6. Ongoing cardiac dysrhythmias of NCI CTCAE grade >=2, atrial fibrillation of any grade, or QTc interval >450 msec for males or >470 msec for females.
  7. Hypertension that cannot be controlled by medications.
  8. Current treatment with therapeutic doses of any anti-coagulant. Prophylactic use of anticoagulants is allowed.
  9. Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection.
  10. Pregnancy or breastfeeding. All female patients with reproductive potential must have a negative pregnancy test prior to first day of study medication.
  11. Other severe acute or chronic medical or psychiatric condition, or laboratory abnormality that would impart, in the judgment of the investigator, excess risk associated with study participation or study drug administration, or which, in the judgment of the investigator, would make the patient inappropriate for entry into this study.
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00656669

United States, Indiana
Indiana University Melvin and Bren Simon Cancer Center
Indianapolis, Indiana, United States, 46202
Sponsors and Collaborators
Indiana University
Principal Investigator: Kathy Miller, MD Indiana University School of Medicine
  More Information

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: Indiana University Identifier: NCT00656669     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 0802-15/1011003564; IUCRO-0215
Study First Received: April 7, 2008
Results First Received: June 18, 2014
Last Updated: July 21, 2014

Keywords provided by Indiana University:
newly diagnosed breast cancer
neoadjuvant therapy

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Liposomal doxorubicin
Albumin-Bound Paclitaxel
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Myeloablative Agonists
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Topoisomerase II Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents processed this record on April 28, 2017