Quitline Use in Surgical Patients

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00656500
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 11, 2008
Last Update Posted : February 3, 2012
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
David Warner, Mayo Clinic

Brief Summary:
Elective surgery represents a teachable moment to deliver tobacco interventions. The overall goal of this proposal is to increase the utilization of the QUITPLANSM Helpline by surgical patients who smoke. Two specific aims will be pursued using a multidisciplinary research team. In the first aim, we will develop a practice-based intervention to promote QUITPLANSM Helpline utilization by surgical patients (Specific Aim 1A) using a combination of key informant interviews (approximately 30 subjects), and focus groups (approximately 25 subjects) then develop methods to educate providers in its implementation (Specific Aim 1B) and test their effectiveness in approximately 20 providers. In the second aim, we will perform a randomized clinical trial of this intervention in 300 patients scheduled for elective surgery, with the primary outcome being utilization of the QUITPLANSM Helpline (Specific Aim 2). Subjects will be randomized to receive either the intervention developed in Specific Aim 1, or a brief control intervention.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Tobacco Dependence Behavioral: Standard brief advice Behavioral: Quitline intervention Not Applicable

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 300 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Increasing QUITPLAN Helpline Utilization in Surgical Patients
Study Start Date : July 2007
Actual Primary Completion Date : February 2010
Actual Study Completion Date : June 2011

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: 1
Brief assistance with smoking abstinence
Behavioral: Standard brief advice
Brief general assistance with smoking cessation

Experimental: 2
Brief intervention to promote quitline utilization
Behavioral: Quitline intervention
Brief intervention designed specifically to encourage quitline utilization

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Completion of one quitline counseling session [ Time Frame: Three months postoepratively ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Smoking behavior at six months postoperatively [ Time Frame: six months postoperatively ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients ≥ 18 yrs. scheduled for elective surgery at Mayo Clinic Rochester.
  • Current smoking before the scheduling of surgery, defined as > 100 cigarettes lifetime consumption and self-reports of smoking either every day or some days. Patients who are in the midst of a quit attempt initiated since learning about surgery are eligible.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patient is not available for telephone follow-up

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00656500

United States, Minnesota
Mayo Clinic
Rochester, Minnesota, United States, 55905
Sponsors and Collaborators
Mayo Clinic
Principal Investigator: David O. Warner, M.D. Mayo Clinic

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: David Warner, MD, Mayo Clinic Identifier: NCT00656500     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 06-004330
First Posted: April 11, 2008    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 3, 2012
Last Verified: February 2012

Keywords provided by David Warner, Mayo Clinic:
surgical patients
cigarette smoking
postoperative complications
telephone counseling

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Tobacco Use Disorder
Substance-Related Disorders
Chemically-Induced Disorders
Mental Disorders